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Multiple Choice


1. A bicyclist increases her speed from 4.0 m/s to 6.0 m/s. The combined mass of the bicyclist and the bicycle is 55 kg. How much work did the bicyclist do in increasing her speed?


11 J 28 J


55 J 550 J


2. The illustration below shows a ball swinging freely in a plane. The mass of the ball is 4.0 kg. Ignoring friction, what is the maximum kinetic energy of the ball as it swings back and forth?


0.14 m/s 21 m/s


7.0 m/s 49 m/s


6. A ball of mass m rolls along a flat surface with


a speed of v1. It strikes a padded wall and bounces back in the opposite direction. The energy of the ball after striking the wall is half its initial energy. Ignoring friction, which of the following expressions gives the ball’s new speed as a function of its initial speed?


1 2v1


(v1)2v1


 2


 2


7. The illustration below shows a ball on a curved track. The ball starts with zero velocity at the top of the track. It then rolls from the top of the track to the horizontal part at the ground. Ignoring friction, its velocity just at the moment it reaches the ground is 14 m/s. What is the height, h, from the ground to the top of the track?


7 m 14 m h  2.5 m


10 m 20 m


2 (v1)


3. You lift a 4.5-kg box from the floor and place it on a shelf that is 1.5 m above the ground. How much energy did you use in lifting the box?


9.0 J 49 J


11 J 66 J


4. You drop a 6.0102-kg ball from a height of 1.0 m above a hard, flat surface. The ball strikes the surface and loses 0.14 J of its energy. It then bounces back upward. How much kinetic energy does the ball have just after it bounces off the flat surface?


0.20 J 0.59 J


0.45 J 0.73 J


5. You move a 2.5-kg book from a shelf that is 1.2 m above the ground to a shelf that is 2.6 m above the ground. What is the change in the book’s potential energy?


1.4 J 25 J


3.5 J 34 J


physicspp.com/standardized_test Extended Answer


8. A box sits on a platform supported by a compressed spring. The box has a mass of 1.0 kg. When the spring is released, it gives 4.9 J of energy to the box, and the box flies upward. What will be the maximum height above the platform reached by the box before it begins to fall?


h


Use the Process of Elimination


On any multiple-choice test, there are two ways to find the correct answer to each question. Either you can choose the right answer immediately or you can eliminate the answers that you know are wrong.


Chapter 11 Standardized Test Practice 311


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