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PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT


Innovation & Research


Issue No. 68


IN THIS ISSUE Coastal Engineering


Updating CIRIA Beach Manual


Construction Futures EurekaBuid


Developing built-in resilience Desalination


Making fresh water from waves Environment


CEEQUAL sails past £2bn


Flood Risk Management Scotland flood risk maps


Highways Steel Beam repairs Safe havens & emergency access


Internal Environment Flexible mass for cooling


Knowledge management Stimulating knowledge transfer


Materials


Flexible mass for cooling Safety


Improving site safety


Safe havens & emergency access Repair


Steel Beam repairs


Poverty Reduction Combating water poverty


Water Engineering Combating water poverty


Wave Power Making fresh water from waves 7


Project identification, planning and design • project identification should be in line with national, local or sector plans and/or based on public consultation;


• the asset’s whole life cycle should be consid- ered during planning and design, and an operation and maintenance strategy devel- oped for each new project;


• social objectives should be clearly identified at the planning stage and incorporated into the design.


Finance and procurement strategy • funds must be set aside in the budget for the realization of social objectives;


• consideration should be given to alternative procurement strategies to ensure the appro-


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7 2 3 Also at www.innovationandresearchfocus.org.uk February 2007


Engineers against poverty A report concluding that infrastructure procurement can promote social objectives


has been published by ICE in conjunction with Engineers Against Poverty. M


odifying infrastruc- ture procurement to enhance social


development presents the findings of a study into infrastructure procurement factors that inhibit the achievement of social development objectives in poorer countries.


The research is based on the assumption that infrastructure procurement can have a significant impact on the social and operational performance of the asset, as well as con- tributing to the achieve- ment of broader social and economic goals. The report explores the social impact and performance of infra- structure and the service it delivers, together with the social opportunities during


Finding better and sustainable ways to get water to poor people


the project’s construction and operation. Reviews of procurement documentation and practice in four case study countries – India, Indonesia, Kenya and Nigeria – plus round- table discussions and interviews with stake- holders, including clients, development banks and agencies, consultants and contractors together formed the basis of the methodology. In the order in which they arise in the pro- curement cycle, the recommendations are:


priate approach for specified social objec- tives delivery.


Tender and selection • the social objectives must be clearly defined in tender documents and explained at pre- tender meetings;


• attention should be paid to the bidder’s social performance and capacity to deliver social obligations.


Contract agreement • the project team must agree contractual mechanisms to deliver social objectives.


Monitoring, enforcement and evaluation • contractual obligations must be monitored and enforced through incentives and/or sanctions;


• social performance audits should be con- ducted with the same rigour as financial audits.


For further information, and to download a copy of the report, visit www.ice.org.uk/pro- curement_report, or please contact John Hawkins at the ICE (020 7665 2217; E-mail: john.hawkins@ice.org.uk).


www.innovationandresearchfocus.org.uk Innovation & Research Focus Issue 68 FEBRUARY 2007 1


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