April 27, 2012
arbush, removing poorer quality trees to promote healthy, desired sugar maple trees.
The Kilham’s use 16-20 cords of wood annually from their woodlot management to pro- duce maple syrup and another seven cords to fire the wood boiler they use to heat their house. They have a small sawmill on their property and are making an oak flooring for their home using wood from the property.
Ben Kilham is shown with one of the bears he works with so they can be released back into the wild. Ben and his wife, Debbie, are the 2012 N.H. Outstanding Tree Farmers of the Year. -Photo Courtesy of Boston Globe
Ben And Debbie Kilham Recognized As 2012 NH Tree Farmers Of The Year____
The 2012 New Hampshire Tree Farmers of the year are Ben and Debbie Kilham of Lyme.
The Kilhams own 210 acres of forest land in Lyme, where they manage their property for multi- ple uses including timber pro- duction, maple sugaring, recre- ation and wildlife habitat.
Ben has a very “hands-on” approach to management of the Tree Farm. He is implementing a majority of the management
and harvesting on his property himself and is also managing neighboring properties for wildlife habitat.
The Kilhams purchased their property in 1976 and began sug- aring in 1982 when they built their sap house. Family and friends help out with the sugar- ing – boiling maple sap collect- ed from over 1,000 taps into maple syrup, which they sell through local stores. They have thinned 95 percent of their sug-
does NOT mean that it is orphaned or that it needs your help; it is normal for a doe to leave her fawn alone while she goes off to feed. In many cases, the doe will not return until nightfall. "Fawns are not defenseless creatures.
Hello folks and welcome to this week’s edition of Nature Tracks.
KEEP WILDLIFE WILD!
LEAVE YOUNG ANIMALS ALONE
With the early spring, people are getting outside and some are observing young animals. If you encounter wildlife, even young animals that appear to need help, please remember that the kindest -- and safest -- thing to do is to leave them alone and let nature take its course, say offi- cials from the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department.
Reports have already begun coming in to Fish and Game and local wildlife rehabilitators from people who have picked up young animals, often mistak- enly thinking they are orphans. "Picking up fawns, baby rac- coons or young animals is an error in judgment," says Fish and Game Lt. Robert Bryant. "People think they're doing a good deed, but they are often removing the animal from the care of its parents and exposing themselves to the risk of dis- ease. What's more, these actions may result in the animal having to be euthanized for rabies test- ing."
Young wild animals (including mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians) typically have their best chance of surviving when they are in their own natural environment, says Fish and Game Wildlife Biologist Kent Gustafson. What should you do if you find a young animal? "Give wildlife plenty of space and leave them alone and in the wild, where they belong," he said.
Gustafson explains that seeing a deer fawn alone, for example,
cryptic coloration, tendency to stay perfectly still and lack of scent are all adaptations that help them survive," Gustafson said. Does are easy to detect because of their size and scent, so they generally keep a dis- tance from their fawns, except during brief nursing bouts, so that predators don't find them. If sympathetic people repeatedly visit a fawn, it can prolong the separation from the doe and delay important feeding.
"This hands-off policy also applies to bear cubs and moose calves," Gustafson continued. "It's also worth noting that sows and cows (female bears and moose) can and do actively pro- tect their young. In any case, if you're lucky enough to see a deer fawn, bear cub, moose calf or other wild animal, count your blessings and leave the area."
Sadly, improper care of injured or orphaned wildlife often leads to their sickness or death. Remember -- only qualified
Andy Fast, UNH Cooperative Extension Forester in Belknap County, who currently chairs the N.H. Tree Farm Committee that selected the Kilhams, said, “Ben and Debbie exemplify principles of sustainable forest management. In particular, their efforts relating to wildlife man- agement are remarkable and something we can all learn from. We are proud to have them representing the NH Tree Farm Program as this year’s Outstanding Tree Farmers of the Year.”
Ben is most well-known for his observations and research on black bear behavior. He works closely with NH Fish and Game and takes in and raises orphaned bear cubs so they can be released back into the wild. So far he has raised and released approximately 85 cubs. Through his work with the bears, Ben has gained great insights into their behavior which he shares with others through programs, his book and videos.
people with special rehabilitator permits, issued through N.H. Fish and Game, may take in and care for injured or orphaned wildlife. Unless you have reha- bilitator credentials, it is illegal to have in your possession or take New Hampshire wildlife from the wild and keep it in cap- tivity. For a list of licensed wildlife rehabilitators, go to http://www.wildnh.com/Wildlif
The New Hampshire Fish and Game Department is the guardian of the state's fish, wildlife and marine resources and their habitats. http://www.wildnh.com
"If you talk to the animals, they will talk with you and you will know each other. If you do not talk to them you will not know them, and what you do not know, you will fear. What one fears, one destroys..."
ief Dan George
Thank you for joining us this week. Until the next time, as always, please take time to enjoy the natural world around you. Questions, comments and sugges- tions can be sent to PO Box 10, Warren, NH 03279 or emailed to: firstname.lastname@example.org
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