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San Diego State University Pow Pow by Rose Davis

The San Diego American Indian community came out March 17th to pay respect and admira- tion to beloved community leader, educator and friend Gwendalle Cooper. Preston Chipps and the San Diego State University American Indian Alumni Chapter organized the event held at the Parma Payne Goodall Alumni Center. Master Ceremonies, Randy Edmonds, Arena

Director, Richard DeCrane, Eagle Staff Carrier Henry Mendibles, Color Guard, American Indian Warriors Association, Host Drum Green River and Southern Drum Red Warrior made sure that a tra- ditional path was followed for the IIPay Mate Yum 41st Annual Pow Wow.

Shirley Murphy who was chosen to speak for

Dr. Cooper, gracefully guided the ceremony while making visible the many accomplishments. of Dr. Cooper. Gwendalle Cooper’s Russian father met her Cherokee mother in Oklahoma where they married. She has long been an advocate of educa- tion. After graduation in 1950 from Temple Dental

In this issue... 1 Gwendalle Cooper Honored

Tribal Leaders Meet with Renewable Energy Experts

2 Debra White Plume: Fat Takers are 1 Percent 3 After 1900 – 20th Century Black Wall Street 4 Council of American Indian Organizations

5 Red Nation launches First American Indian TV Channel

6 National Underground Railroad Conference 8-9 Renewable Energy 10 Preston Jefferson Arrow-weed War on Drugs Not About Drugs

11 Indian Country Tomorrow© Transportation


13 Ramp It Up Skateboard Culture in Native America

14 Nevada News

15 Reid All About It – Improving Health Care for Indians

16 Minister Farrakhan Live and In Person – Life Changing

School of Oral Hygiene she attended the University of Miami, Coral Gables. in 1953. She obtained a BS in Chemistry, specializing in Zoology. In 1961 she received a MA in Counseling and Guidance from the University of Northern Colorado.

In 1966 she acquired a Doctorate in Psychology. Dr. Cooper has had a long involve- ment with San Diego State University. From 1966- 1991 Dr. Cooper served on the thesis committees and taught courses around the campus. While supervising independent course work for Indian students she helped set the groundwork for the Indian Studies Program (now the American Indian Studies Department with a major). In addition to serving as Southern Vice-President of the California Indian Education Association Gwendalle Cooper Cooper conducted self-help workshops at NIEA and NCAI and served as the first president of the National Indian Counselors’ Association. She is a member of many community and professional organizations including the American Psychological Association, the American Counseling Association and the International

SEE Dr. Cooper, page 2

APRIL 2012

Dr. Gwendalle Cooper assisted by Randy Edmonds at the Honoring Ceremony.

Tribal Leaders Meet with Renewable Energy, Conservation Experts

San Diego Evaluates Controversial Large Solar – Wind Projects In Mexico and US.

San Diego, CA. – Indigenous leaders

from San Diego County and across the state met with renewable energy and Conservation experts and lawmakers March 16th to evaluate strategies for renewable energy implementation in Southern California and Baja California, Mexico. The conference held at the U.S. Grant Hotel, 32 Broadway. Controversial energy projects in the Southwest deserts have raised concerns about large-scale impact to desert ecosys- tems, endangered and threatened species and Native American cultural resources. Several legal challenges by tribal and environmental groups are being heard in Federal Courts in the United States and Mexico. Projects have been stopped and delayed.

The workshop, which was well attended, focused on he best ideas and strategies for implementing renewable energy in Southern California and

Northern Baja California, Mexico in an environmen- tally and culturally respectful manner. Participants dis- cussed appropriate criteria for deci- sion-making. Preston Arroweed opened the confer- ence with tradition- al Kumeyaay

prayers and singing with words to assure that sacred reverence for the land be honored. Workshop

Preston Arrow-weed and Anthony Pico provide guidance for the ener- gy conference. See photos on page 8.

speakers included dignitaries Daniel Tucker, Chairman of the Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay nation, Chairman Anthony Pico of Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indian and Chairman Charles Wood of the Chemehuevi Indian Tribe. They were joined by experts and law- makers including statewide and national

energy consultant Bill Powers, PE Powers Engineering, Tera Peninsular Executive Director, Saul Alacon Farlan, former Mexican Congressman Jaime Martinex Veloz, former San Diego Trial Judge and attorney, Robert C. Caotes, Attorney

SEE Renewable Energy, page 2

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