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MARCH 2012

Union Bank and KPBS Honor Seventeen Local San Diegans at 14th Annual Local Heroes Awards

SAN DIEGO, CA – As part of its ongo- ing commitment to cultural diversity and responsible banking, Union Bank, N.A., partnered with KPBS to honor 17 local individuals who are making a difference to enrich the lives of others. The honorees were announced as part of the 2011 Cultural Diversity Partnership, which rec- ognizes and pays tribute to local heroes from eight diverse communities who are making a difference by improving their workplace, profession, neighborhood, community, region and the world. The year-long celebration of diversity culmi- nated with an awards ceremony on February 8, 2012, at the Balboa Theater in San Diego, where recipients were for- mally recognized. The awards event is scheduled for broadcast on KPBS on April 5, 2012, at 10:30 p.m. The 2011 Local Heroes honorees are: Veverly E. Anderson, Theophilus A.

In this issue...

1 Union Bank Honors Local San Diegans Muscogee Creek Freedman Push for Recognition 2 Ron Graham: Cultural Warrior

3 Underground Railroad Freedom Center Plans to Merge

4 Villaraigosa attends Florida U.S. Mayors Conference

5 The Truth about Jail Overcrowding Foreclosed Homes Causing Neighborhood Blight Prisoner Media Access Bill Passes CA Assembly

Allensworth Global Cultural Family Fair

6 Marine Vet Dedicates His Life to Mascogos Heritage

7 Free Patricia Spottedcrow Kids Take Message of Peace and Respect to Congress

10 Simitian’s Drug Redistribution Bill

Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor Final Stage

8-9 Photos: Local Heros Award; BBIA Gathering; Ruben’s Birthday

Leaders Defend Constitution from NDAA Ex-El Salvador Defense Minister Can Be Deported

11 The U.S. Justice Department & Internet Gaming In Memory of Ernest Salgado Sr.

Pala Band in Solidarity Opposing Tribal Burial Desecration Persecution of Falun Gong

12 MARCHA MIGRANTE VII “Walking with Cesar” 13 East County Church to Host Immigration Course Power of Travel Coalition

14 Nevada News 15 Reid All About It - Green Energy Projects 16 National Parks Service Underground Railroad Project TRIBAL TANF

The Bracero Program: San Diego County Premiere Screening

(Theo) Logan and Martha R. Logan (Black History Month); Kathi Anderson and Barbara Bry (Women’s History Month); Thomas E. Hom and Robin J. Tarr (Asian Pacific American Heritage Month); Edith Eva Eger, Ph.D. and Jackie Gmach (Jewish American Heritage Month); Delores A. Jacobs, Ph.D. and Nicole Murray Ramirez (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Pride Month); Richard Nares and Rachael Ortiz (Hispanic Heritage Month); Bill Bodry and Pamela Finkel (Disability Awareness Month); and Michelle Marie Parada and Brandie Taylor (Native American Heritage Month.) “We are grateful for the opportunity to

express our commitment to diversity and our communities through the Local Heroes program and our partnership with

SEE Local Heroes, page 2

Brandie Taylor (L) and Michelle Parada (R), Native American Heritage month honorees, were recognized at the Union Bank and KPBS 2011 Local Heroes Awards at the Balboa Theatre on February 8, 2012. Ms. Parada, Ms. Taylor and 15 other honorees were nominat- ed for making a difference in the lives of others.

Muscogee Creek Freedmen Push for Federal Recognition

Muscogee Creek Indian Freedmen Band Association, Ronald Graham, President; Sharon Lenzy-Scott, Secretary; Rhonda K. Grayson, Treasurer; and Jeffrey D. Kennedy, Vice President.

Correcting History - In 1979 the Creek Nation eliminated the Freedman from citizenship by reorganizing under the authority of the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act, violating the 1886 treaty laws governing the U.S. government and the tribe.

The Muscogee Creek Indian Freedmen

were former slaves owned by the Muscogee Creek Nation and or were free

persons of African descent. In the 1830’s the US government forcibly removed the Creek Indian along with personal property (including their slaves) from the traditional homelands (now Alabama, Georgia, Florida and South Carolina) and moved them to Indian

Territory (now Oklahoma). This historical incident is known as the Trail of Tears. After the Union victory in the Civil

War, the United States in 1866 required a new treaty with the Creek Nation. It required the emancipation of slaves and the inclusion of Freedmen as full citizens of the Creek nation, eligible for voting rights and shares of annuities and land settlements. The treaty called for the set-

ting aside of the western half of the terri- tory (thereafter called Unassigned Lands) for the United States to use for the settle- ment of freedmen and other American Indian tribes. The Creek were forced to cede 3,250,560 acres (13,154.5 km2), for which the United States agreed to pay the sum of thirty (30) cents per acre, amount- ing to $975,165 USD.[2] The 1866 U.S. treaty article 4 said the US would conduct a census of the Creek tribe, to include the Freedmen.

In 1893, the United States Dawes Commission under the direction of Henry L. Dawes was established by an act of Congress. The Dawes Act, in a continuing effort at assimilation of American Indians, directed the break-up of communal tribal lands and the allotment of plots to indi- vidual households. All members of each tribe had to be registered for land allot-

SEE Muscogee Creek Freedmen, page 2

Photo by Melissa Jacobs

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