INSIDE TH The Batch 3 Type 22 frigate
The generic Type 22 frigate was originally intend- ed to replace the successful Leander-class ship. Yarrows were given the job of working out the details to produce a large and powerful warship against an overall design development by the Ministry of Defence. This provided the Navy with a frigate not only
adept in its main anti-submarine warfare role, but also as a general-purpose frigate - as was shown in the Falklands War, when HMS Brilliant and HMS Broadsword served with distinction, accounting for several Argentine aircraft and in constant demand for other roles around the task group.
Indeed, Jane's Fighting Ships of 1983 won-
HMS Sheffield of the six-strong Batch 2 no longer fly the White Ensign, but the four ships of Batch 3 score highly when sailors rate the relative merits of units of the surface flotilla. HM ships Cornwall (F99), Cumberland (F85), Campbeltown (F86) and Chatham (F87) are big, spacious ships - the largest frigates ever built for the Navy and, with a fully-laden displacement of 4,900 tons, comparable in size to wartime light cruisers.
dered "how the term 'frigate', which is used for Type 22 because of their primary ASW role, will stand up with the new Batch 3 design, possess- ing greater anti-ship capability than the Type 42 destroyers, is not clear." The first four ships (Batch 1) and all except
These four ships are very different to their
them to accommodate Sea King helicopters, although a Lynx is more normally carried. The difference is probably most noticeable in
Batch 1 sisters. For example, they are powered by pairs of Rolls-Royce Spey and Tyne engines instead of Olympuses and Tynes, and the all-missile con- cept was ditched when the Vickers 4.Si
n gun was chosen instead of the Exocet missile launchers featured in the first ten ships. They also have a larger flight deck, allowing
the ships' profiles - the Batch 1s were almost 20 metres shorter than the later ships, and the Batch 2 and 3 versions have a more sharply- raked bow. The Batch 3 ships have accommodation for a
Flag Officer and staff, and their size and commu- nications capability make them ideally suited to the role of flagship - HMS Cornwall acted as such in the major global deployment Naval Task Group 2000. Batch 3 ships have a COGAG power arrange-
ment - Combined Gas turbine And Gas turbine - which gives them a top speed in the order of 30 knots, although an economical cruising speed in excess of 14 knots on Tynes alone is a common scenario. Each has a ship's company of 250, with 30 or
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
8. 9. 10. 11.
12. 13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18. 19.
22. 23. 24.
25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.
Safety net Sea King ASW helicopter Folding main rotors and tail pylon Flight deck and landing grid Propeller guard Starboard rudder astern of starboard propeller Propeller shaft and bearing housings
Accommodation ladder stowage Flight deck lighting Petrol store (inflatable boats) After six-round Seawolf missile launcher Hangar After life raft stowage Boat davit Rigid inflatable boat, port and starboard After Seawolf tracker Antenna pantograph UHF antenna After auxiliary machinery room diesel exhaust shroud Mainmast After main engine room intake filter housing (downtakes) After mooring bollards Sick bay After auxiliary machinery room (AAMR) After stabiliser Propeller shaft After main engine room Twin Rolls-Royce Tyne gas turbines BMARC 20mm cannon Tyne gas turbine exhaust ducts (uptakes) Spey gas turbine exhaust ducts (uptakes) SCOT antennae, port and starboard Forward engine room GT air intake filter housing (downtakes)
36. 37. 38. 39.
40. 41. 42. 43. 44.
45. 46. 47.
51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61.
serve in, and they have an impressive array of weapons, from the single automatic 4.Si
n gun for'ard to the Seawolf anti-air and Harpoon anti- ship missiles. The four Type 22 Batch 3 ships are being upgraded in a rolling programme which will see their capabilities enhanced, giving them a key role in the Fleet for years to come.
Copyright Navy News 2002
so being officers, although the ships have accommodation for just over 300. The first of the Batch 3s, HMS Cornwall, was launched at Yarrows in October 1985, with her sisters going down the slipway at the rate of one a year thereafter, at Yarrows (Cumberland), Cammell Laird (Campbeltown) and Swan Hunter (Chatham) respectively. Their size makes them comfortable ships to
Midships life raft stowage Starboard main propulsion gearbox Bilge keel Forward engine room Twin Rolls-Royce Spey gas turbines Forward auxiliary machinery room Forward stabiliser Twin diesel generators DLF3 decoy launchers Foremast Forward auxiliary machinery room diesel exhaust shroud ESM antenna Surveillance radar Wind speed and direction anemometer Navigation radar Goalkeeper 30mm self-defence system gun Surface-to-surface missile launch ers; eight missiles Missile eflux shrouds Electrical power room Scrambling net Office Air treatment unit Junior ratings mess Junior ratings recreation space Senior ratings dining hall CPOs recreation space Crew cabins Swimmer of the Watch hoist, port
62. First Officer's day cabin and dining room
and starboard 63. Pantry
64. Seagnat decoy launchers 65. Signal projectors, port and starboard
66. Seagnat lockers 67. Forward Seawolf tracker 68. Office
69. Navigation Officer's cabin
71. Commanding Officer's cabin and bathroom
Electro-optical scanner, port and starboard Bridge
Starboard main and emergency
lights First Officer's bathroom
Forward air treatment units CPOs recreation space
73. 79. so. 81. 82. 83. 84.
Provision room cold store Keel sonar housing Sonar equipment room Gunner's store
Crew bathrooms, NAAFI store to port Officers bathrooms
Refuelling at sea winches, port and
starboard Forward six-round Seawolf missile launcher
Vickers 4.5in gun
87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93.
94. 95. 96.
Forward mooring bollard Gun mounting Hydraulic equipment room Store room Ratings baggage store Anchor winches Jackstaff with forward mooring light Towing cable eye Twin anchors Bow sonar housing
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