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cal formula Al2SiO4(F,OH)2. Topaz crystallizes in the Orthorhombic crystal system and its crystals are mostly prismatic. Pure topaz is col- orless and transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical topaz colors are wine, Yellow, pale Gray, Reddish- Orange, or Blue-Brown.
Pg 29 Meanings and Myths about Minerals Weird Facts & Trivia -11 .
It has a hardness of 8 on the Mohs scale with a Refractive Index (the angle the light refracts to) between 1.607 and 1.627. The main facet angle for Quartz is 41° to 42°. You need this information to facet it correctly. Metaphysically it enhances tissue regeneration, strengthens liver, gallblad- der, spleen, nervous system and digestive organs.
Yellow Topaz, Citrine
by Paul Forster
SEBASTOPOL, CA. Yellow Topaz and Citrine are the modern Western cultures birthstone for November,
you use the calendar months. The “Modern” birth- stone list was adopt- ed in 1912 by the American
Association of Jewelers and is the list most com- monly used by American jewelers today.
the Zodiac stone for Sagittarius but both are birthstones for the
of Sagittarius, November 22 through December 21. Many other traditions exist and you can find them on the internet. Citrine is a variety of quartz which is the second- most-abundant mineral in the
Earth's continental crust, after feldspar, with colors rang- ing from a pale Yellow to a dark Orangey-Brown.
has a chemical formula of SiO2 and crystallizes in the Trigonal crystal system. Natural citrines are very rare and almost all Citrines are heat-treated Amethyst. Citrine con- tains traces of Fe3+ (or
between 1.57 and 1.58. The
main facet angle for Quartz is 42° to 43°. You need this information to facet it correct- ly.
enhances the bodies healing energy, raises self
and diminishes self-destruc- tive tendencies.
It is also
Metaphysically it’s good for your Kidneys, Colon, Gallbladder, and Heart.
detoxifies the body and is a crown and navel Chakra. The name "Topaz" is derived via Old French: Topace and Latin: Topazus. .
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Paul Forster is owner of The
Uncarved Block, 110 North Main Street in Sebastopol, California.
Marie, Vicomte de Botherel may have been the first to try the concept of a dining car. In 1839 in Paris (or it's suburbs), he installed kitchens on buses and stocked the food from special kitchens he had built with the most modern equipment available. His enterprise failed, and he is just a very obscure footnote in history.
The golden age of railroad travel lasted for roughly 75 years starting in 1868 with the introduction of the first dining car (named Delmonico in honor of the N.Y. restaurant). Rail- road competition was so great that the best food possible was served regardless of cost. Terrapin stew, scrod and Cotuit oysters, broiled sage hen, aged Kansas City beef. Fred Harvey was in charge of food on the Santa Fe line and supposedly fired a dining car manager who was only losing $500 per month on food, and replaced him with a man who was able to lose $1,500 a month! Something to think about as you fly at an 35,000 feet eating airline food.
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from The Himalaya's
which Iron that has a
charge of +3. Fe3 (subscript) means a molecule with 3 Iron atoms) and is rarely found naturally.
It has a hardness
of 7 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale with a Refractive Index (the angle the light gets bent to)
a crown and navel Chakra. The name is derived from Latin “Citrina” which means Yellow. It is used extensively in the jewelry industry and the darker, Orangey colors are one of favorite stones to facet. Yellow Topaz is a sili-
cate mineral of Aluminum and Fluorine with the chemi-
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