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11.3.5. Cold “Freeze” Treatments 11.3.5.1. Freeze treatments use extreme low temperatures to kill bed bugs and eggs on contact.


11.3.5.2. Freeze treatments can be applied to most surfaces and may be beneficial in treating bed bug-infested items that otherwise are difficult to treat including toys, plastics, books, and other items.


11.3.5.3. This technology leaves no residual and is used primarily for killing bed bugs and eggs on contact.


11.3.6. Fumigation 11.3.6.1. Both whole structure and chamber fumigation are effective methods of controlling all bed bug life stages.


11.3.6.2. Fumigation is a specialized treatment method, not all pest management firms perform fumigation services.


12. Insecticides 12.1. Always read and follow all label instructions when applying insecticides and follow all instructions on the label including: 12.1.1.


Special instructions related to bed bugs, including whether and how the product can be applied to beds and furniture and in living areas.


12.1.2.


Specific instructions as to how much time must pass before reapplication, keeping in mind that alternative products may be used, if necessary, in the interim.


12.2. Choose products that have been shown to be effective in published research, as discussed in pest control meetings, from your own experiences, and that of other pest management professionals.


12.3. Choose products labeled for the target site. 12.4.


If acceptable results are not obtained, consider using alternative products, formulations or non- chemical methods.


12.5. Apply insecticides to places where bed bugs hide, travel and deposit eggs, carefully adhering to all label instructions.


12.6. Typical treatment sites are places where bed bugs hide, or are suspected including, but not limited to the following: 12.6.1. Bed frames, particularly cracks, crevices, holes, and wherever two surfaces join together. 12.6.2. Mattresses and box springs. 12.6.2.1. Some pest management firms have policies that prohibit the treatment of mattresses and/or box springs


12.6.3. Other furniture 12.6.3.1. Treat cracks, crevices, voids, drawer slides, and the undersides of horizontal surfaces.


12.6.3.2. Treat under cushions, behind skirting, in seams, underneath and inside voids in upholstered furniture.


12.6.4. Cracks and crevices near infested areas along baseboards, crown moldings, window and door frames, as well as nail holes, damaged walls, chipped paint, etc.


12.6.5. Under carpet edges, tack strips of wall-to-wall carpeting, cracks and seams in hardwood floors, etc. near infested areas.


12.6.6. 12.6.7. XII 12.6.8.


Inside receptacles and switch plates, light fixtures, wire runs and pipe runs near infested areas.


In severe infestations, treatment sites may include inside wall voids of infested rooms, drapes, ceiling/wall intersections, drop ceilings over beds, and many sites too numerous to list. In hotels, treatment sites often include service carts, laundry carts, and luggage racks.


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