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9.14.2. To identify special considerations such as the presence of ill residents, pets, or young children.

9.14.3. To determine the best methods of control and estimate the amount of labor that will be needed.

9.15. The use of bed bug monitoring devices may not be practical in all situations. Monitoring tools detect bed bug activity over time (days or weeks). Monitoring tools may be useful for confirming that a site has bed bugs, but the failure to trap a bed bug does not mean that there is not an infestation. The type of site, room or configuration of bed frames and other furniture may limit the usefulness of monitoring devices

9.16. Monitoring devices may include passive, active or moat style traps: 9.16.1. Moat-style traps intercept bed bugs between their harborage areas and their host. Moat- style traps are typically placed under the legs of beds and other furniture to capture bed bugs moving up or down the legs and can also be placed adjacent to furniture where infestations are suspected. Because moat traps only capture bed bugs traveling in their immediate area; a lack of bed bugs in these devices should not be construed to mean that there is not an infestation. Effectiveness of moat-style traps may be limited by the architecture of the furniture or other factors.

9.16.2. Active monitoring devices typically use heat, carbon dioxide, or chemical attractants to lure and capture bed bugs. Use of most of these devices is limited by their cost and service requirements, and is typically restricted to high-risk sites.

9.16.3. Passive traps catch insects that accidentally encounter the trap and include traditional sticky traps as well as other traps specifically designed for bed bug monitoring. Sticky traps have a low level of effectiveness but may catch bed bugs if placed in enough locations. Because of their low efficiency, a lack of bed bugs in sticky traps should not be construed to mean that there is not an infestation.

9.17. Monitoring devices should be inspected periodically to evaluate bed bug populations.

10. Bed Bug Scent Detection Canine Teams 10.1. Bed bug infestations can be detected by specially trained bed bug scent detection canine teams. Because of their abilities, bed bug detection canine teams can be particularly useful in the following circumstances: 10.1.1. When bed bugs are suspected but no live bugs or viable eggs can be found through visual inspection.

10.1.2. For building-wide comprehensive inspections to locate all infested rooms. 10.1.3.

In non-bedroom sites such as offices, theaters, schools, public transportation and other unconventional areas.

10.1.4. As an additional method to confirm that bed bugs have been successfully controlled or are not present.


10.2. At a minimum, bed bug detection canine teams must be able to detect live bed bugs and viable eggs. 10.3. Canine detection teams should be certified. 10.3.1. Certification demonstrates the canine team’s competence by an independent, third-party. 10.3.2. Certification confirms the ability of the team to locate live bed bugs and viable eggs in real world environments.

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