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Paul Cézanne Card Players (Les Joueurs de cartes), 1890-1892 Oil on canvas, 53 1/4 x 71 5/8 inches (135.3 x 181.9 cm) BF564, The Barnes Foundation


Photograph ©2010 reproduced with the Permission of The Barnes Foundation


Vincent van Gogh The Postman (Joseph Etienne-Roulin), 1889 Oil on canvas, 25 7/8 x 21 3/4 inches (65.7 x 55.2 cm) BF37, The Barnes Foundation


of John Barnes, a butcher, and Lydia Schafer, his childhood memories included exuberant religious revivals he attended with his devout Methodist parents. It was at those retreats that Barnes was exposed to African American culture, creative expression, and the power of the arts.These experiencesmade a lasting impression on Barnes and his work. He attended the academically demanding Central High


School, and his early interest in art was stimulated by his friendshipwithfuture artistWilliamGlackens. In1892,Barnes earned a medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania and,whileworkingwithscientistHermanHille, theydiscovered a silver compound with strong antiseptic properties called Argyrol. This vital discovery formed the basis of Barnes’ vast fortune. Barnes continued to produce Argyrol in his factory, where


he educated his employees in the principles of literature, philosophy, and art. It was here, in a factory with paintings on the walls, that Barnes first developed his theories on the appreciation and understanding of art. In1912,Barnes senthis childhoodfriendandartistWilliam


Glackens, who had introduced him to impressionism and post-impressionism, to Paris with $20,000 to infuse Barnes’ traditional collection with contemporary work. Glackens returned with works by Van Gogh, Renoir, Cézanne, and Picasso, all pieces that were to become the cornerstone of The Barnes Foundation. Barnes’ lifelong friend, the great philosopher John Dewey,


was the Barnes Foundation’s first director of education. The Merion gallery was designed by French architect Paul Cret


The Artist's Family (La Famille de l'artiste), 1896 Oil on canvas, 68 x 54 in. (172.7 x 137.2 cm) BF819, The Barnes Foundation


Photograph ©2010 reproduced with the Permission of The Barnes Foundation Pierre-Auguste Renoir


Photograph ©2010 reproduced with the Permission of The Barnes Foundation


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