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Income in the form of a return from their agricultural activities with 87 per cent being received as the Single Farm Payment. Without the latter, it is reasonable to surmise that small dairy farmers in Scotland would go the way of the dinosaurs. It is interesting to note, however, that ‘Medium’ Scottish dairy farmers were receiving a higher share of their Farm Business Income via returns from their core agricultural business than ‘Large’ dairy farmers with the converse being true of the Single Farm Payment. This appears to mirror the situation with regard to the Welsh dairy sector and illustrated in Figure 2 in that large dairy farms appeared to derive a higher proportion of the Farm Business Income from the Single Farm Payment than those classed as being less than 100 ESU. Data for Northern Ireland during the twelve months ending


February 2010 is not yet available so the data used is for the previous twelve months. However, Table 6 shows the estimated change in Farm Business Incomes for livestock farms in Northern Ireland by farm type and suggests that, with the exception of pig and poultry production, farm business incomes in the twelve months to February 2010 are expected to have declined sharply. As one would expect, the Single Farm Payment and, to a lesser


extent, other environmental payments feature in those sectors of Northern Irish agriculture concerned with grazing livestock, neither of which returned a positive income stream for the year in question. In the case of pigs and poultry, market returns accounted for more than 85 per cent of Farm Business Income. The average dairy farm saw


Table 6: Farm Business Incomes of Livestock Farms in Northern Ireland 2008-09 and 2009-10


2008-09 2009-10 £ Increase or Decrease


£ per Farm


Pigs & Poultry Dairy


Cattle and Sheep (LFA)


Cattle and Sheep (Lowland)


Mixed


27,736 56,933 27,620


19,393 55,388


54,436 19,341 21,200


15,985 35,965


26,700 -37,592 -6,420


-3,408 -19,423


96.3 -66.0 -23.2


-17.6 -35.1


Source: Farm Incomes in Northern ireland 2008-09 and Statistical Press Release 27 January 2011


almost 45 per cent of its Farm Business Income arising from market returns but more than half arose from the Single Farm Payment. The proportion is very much higher in ‘very small’ and ‘small’ dairy farms but, curiously, large dairy farms received a higher share of the Farm Business Income in the shape of the Single Farm Payment than did ‘medium-sized’ dairy farms. Again, this appears to mirror the situation with regard to dairying in Wales and Scotland (Table 7). We can now turn to the English regions (Table 8) and the


contribution made to total Farm Business Income from their agricultural activities, agri-environmental payments, diversification - and the Single Farm Payment. Data on a regional basis is only available for dairy and


Table 7: Farm Business Incomes of Livestock Farms in Northern Ireland 2008-09 Pigs & Poultry Agriculture


Less Favoured Areas Compensatory Scheme Agri-Environmental Payments Miscellaneous Subsidies Diversification


Single Farm Payment Source: DARDNI


85.1 -


2.0 - -


12.9 Dairy


44.9 0.5 2.9 0.2 1.1


50.5 Cattle and Sheep


(Less Favoured Areas) -37.2 17.7 14.1 0.2 -


105.1 Table 8: Dairy Farms’ Farm Business Income by English Region and Cost Centre 2009-10


(*) Government Office Region


North West


Yorkshire & the Humber West Midlands East Midlands East of England


London & the South East South West


Agricultural Output


£ per Farm


17,043 25,419 30,818 30,914 -1,415 9,228


33,897 % of FBI


36.5 46.3 52.6 48.0 -2.9 17.8 52.5


Agri-Environment Payments


£ per Farm


3,400 3,776 3,659 3,618 5,099 2,964 2,876


% of FBI


7.3 6.9 6.3 5.6


10.3 5.7 4.5


Diversification


£ per Farm


2,181 1,497 2,421 2,659


10,550 11,515 2,345


Source: Farm Business Survey - Government Office Region Reports. (*) Note that data for the North East of England is unavailable due to small sample size


FEED COMPOUNDER MARCH 2011 PAGE 17 % of FBI


4.7 2.7 4.1 4.1


21.4 22.2 3.6


Single Farm Payment


£ per Farm


24,077 24,267 21,637 27,273 35,147 28,254 25,480


% of FBI


51.6 44.2 37.0 42.3 71.2 54.4 39.4


Farm Business Income


£ per Farm


46,701 54,959 58,535 64,464 49,381 51,961 64,598


% of FBI


100 100 100 100 100 100 100


Cattle and Sheep (Lowland)


-29.7 1.7


11.9 0.7


10.1 105.3 Mixed


21.0 1.1 5.2 0.3 8.5


63.9 %


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