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front-rail and the sabre-shaped legs. Furthermore, the voluted arms of the Trinity College chair are centred with applied circular paterae (Figure 16b) and they rest on small concave-sided pedestals. Despite these variations in design, the construction and condition are consistent with the age of the chair and the Trinity College example could easily be a variation of the Morgan & Sanders chair design illustrated in the July 1811 edition of Ackermann‟s Repository.


5.3 Morgan & Sanders Design Assumptions


Based on the evidence in The Repository and that collected at Trinity College Oxford several design features can be attributed to Morgan & Sanders‟ manufacturing output during the second decade of the nineteenth century. These include: the location, depth and quality of the reeding, the circular paterae applied to the voluted arms, the brass butt-hinges and the design of the lever-operated latch that secures the two halves of the chair together in the closed position. By combining the information from Ackermann‟s description and illustrations with the physical and photographic evidence collected at Trinity College Oxford, the following Morgan & Sanders Metamorphic Library Chair design characteristics can be used as a foundation for the next stage of the analysis:


Morgan & Sanders Metamorphic Library Chairs were made of mahogany but other timbers could be specified. Morgan & Sanders chairs were flat-sided with sabre-shaped legs and voluted arms and they had a concave tablet top-rail. The voluted arms of the chair were centred with circular paterae based on a turned boss design containing two concentric circles. The voluted arms were separated from the side-rails of the chair by small, concave-sided pedestals. The proportions of the chair were largely dictated by the Trafalgar Chair profile but Morgan & Sanders were willing to modify the overall size and shape of the chair for their customers. Partial reeding was applied to the arms and front-rail of the chair but this could be extended to most of the forward-facing edges if required. A caned seat topped with a French stuffed cushion made of Morocco leather was offered as an option.


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