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were pressed into service as mine- sweepers and the fi shing industry was kept alive by Belgian trawler-men who had taken refuge at Milford. In WW2, during the build-up to D- Day, the docks became part of the US Navy advanced amphibious base which included the hut encampment and hospital at Hakin and the pier at Newton Noyes.


In particular, LSTs


(landing ship tanks) of the US Navy were overhauled in the dry dock and made ready for the Normandy landings. Since the war the fi shing industry has declined steeply and the docks now enclose a yacht marina.


Pill Fort: T e construction of Pill Fort began during the autumn of 1643. T e king’s forces in Wales were anxious to prevent re-enforcements from reaching the Parliamentary garrison of Pembroke Castle and, more importantly, wanted to provide a safe landing place for royalist troops who were expected to arrive from Ireland. T is was regarded as so vital that King Charles granted £400 towards the cost of raising men and building the fort. A Captain Steele, described as ‘a great talker who pretended much to be an engineer’, arrived to supervise its construction. A site was chosen on the west bank of Castle Pill, then known as Prix Pill, where a headland reared up at the junction of the pill and the waterway. T is steep-sided bluff , known in later centuries as ‘T e Gunkle’, may originally have been an Iron Age fortifi cation. T e new defences seem to have consisted of stout earth banks, probably strengthened with timber or even masonry. An archaeological


Hubberston commanded a magnifi cent view of the entrance to Milford Haven and the WW2 convoy anchorage. T e US Navy, after establishing an advanced amphibious base at Milford, erected living quarters within the fort to accommodate personnel. Picture courtesy of Mr Vernon Scott


Hubberston Fort and US Hospital


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