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The 1790 Federal Census for Allegany County was destroyed and only the total county


population remains for that year: 4,809. In the year 1800 what is now Garrett County included the Glades and Sandy Creek Hundreds (Districts) and small adjoining hundreds of Allegany County. There were very few settlers in the Glades in 1800.207


The Glades was changed by 1810


for census purposes to District #1, and Sandy Creek to District #2. On 20 March 1785 James Spurgeon (listed as grantee James Spruger in Sims’ land


index) bought the following described 400 acres of land in Monongalia County, after his migration from Maryland:


Patrick Henry, Esquire, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia: To All to Whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: Know ye, that by virtue of a certifi- cate in right of settlement given by the Commissioners for adjusting the titles to unpatented lands in the district of Monongalia Yohogania & Ohio [counties] and in consideration of the ancient composition of two pounds sterling pound by James Spurgen into the treasury of this Commonwealth, there is granted by the said Commonwealth unto the said James Spurgen a certain tract or parcel of land, containing 400 acres by survey bearing the date, the 23rd day of March 1784, lying and being in the County of Monongalia, including his settlement on the West side of Big Sandy Creek and bounded as follows [description of property].208


the rightful boundaries in the newly opened land to settlers. Signing the survey as witnesses as Ch’n Bear’s209


In that year, the District Court of Monongalia


County showed that, “Thomas Hughart [Hagart] assignee of Wallis Estill, assignee of William Barrett, vs. James Spurgon and Michael Cearn, action in debt to recover a note dated 14 February 1786, for £80 Pennsylvania currency of the value of £80 Virginia currency and damages of £30.”212


This case proceeded in the District Court in 1789 as follows, “Thomas


Hughart assignee of Wallis Estell assignee of William Barrett, vs. James Spurgin and Michel Kerns in debt action. A note for £80 “good and lawful money of Pennsylvania” dated 14 February 1786, signed by James Spurgin and Michel Kerns, witnessed by Hugh McNeeley. A


207“The Glades Star,” Number 19, 30 September 1945, Garrett County Historical Society, pp. 149, 150. 208“Monongalia County, Virginia Land Deed,” 20 March 1785, Book I, p. 501; see also “Monongalia Co. Surveyor’s Records,” Roll 140, Vol. 2, p. 275, Archives & History Library, The Cultural Center, Capitol Complex, Charleston, WV 25305. 209Apparently, this is a reference to “chain bearers,” those who measured the “chains” or the distances between the survey points; see also, “Monongalia Co. Surveyor’s Records,” Vol. 2, p. 276, where this same property is recorded on March 25, 1784 [originally surveyed 10 February 1783], and Jeremiah and Zepheniah Spurgen are recorded as Sworn Chain Bearers. 210“Monongalia County Survey Records [1783-1790],” Book II, p. 275. 211Wiley, op. cit., pp. 82-85. 212“Monongalia County, [West] Virginia Records of the District, Superior and County Courts [1776- 1799],”(Maryland, 1990), compiled by Melba P. Zinn, Vol. 1, p. 17.


© 1993 Spurgeon Family History by Dr. Gary Alan Dickey, 1546 Devonshire Avenue, Westlake Village, CA 91361 • p. 54


The above mentioned survey was conducted on behalf of James Spurgeon to determine were his brothers Will’m and John Spurgen.210


In 1786, James Spurgin is found on a list of “tythables” (persons having taxable property) in Monongalia County, John Cochran’s Return.211


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