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She stood on the bank opposite and waved her red scarf until someone in the fort noticed her and came in a boat across the Cheat [River] and got her.’ Some histories state Mrs. Green was released, but Scott stated she escaped. Regarding her experience, he said, ‘Grandmother Green said the Indians would come in with wet moccasins, and have the squaws pull them off. The squaws would get hominy for supper, then take deer the men had killed and turn the maw out and empty it into the stew. [In this way Grandmother Green was getting excellent food for the partially digested moss and twigs contained valuable vitamins, but she, imbued with the white man’s views, did not conceive the fact). Sometimes they cut up a deer whole and put it into the pot. It made her sick, but she had to eat their food. She lived with them four years then escaped. Some traders aided her. They at- tended an Indian dance, they then gave a quart of rum to the Indian guards, and when the Indians were sleeping, grandmother escaped. The traders hid her in a hollow log. Over it the searching Indians actually walked looking for her, but failed to discover the hiding place. She said, afterwards, her heartbeat was so loud that she was afraid the Indians would hear it.’ Travelling early in the morning while the Indians were sleeping, they all succeed in reaching safety.170

The 1790 U.S. Census for Monongalia County states, “John Green (kil’d by Indians), with 10 in family.”171

After her escape, Mrs. Green married secondly a man named Moore and had two

daughters, Hannah and Cissia, and a son, Edmission (or Edmandson, a family name). Mrs. Green married John Spurgeon and was a leader in the Methodist Church a short distance east of Kingwood (Township). Allowing the 4 years she was held captive, and 5 more for her second marriage and children, this would have been about 1797 when John Spurgeon was about 67 years old. It’s hard to believe she could have had any more children after this time, as this was her third husband and she was an older woman (though Wiley says they had a daughter named Lydia by a Spurgeon who also married a Ruble).172

However, this Lydia may well be the child of

John Spurgeon and his first wife, Mary (not Mary Green), Wiley confusing the two Mary Spurgeons. That this is probable is found in the text of the 1801 suit regarding a title controversy and subpoena filed by Levi Knotts, in which it is stated, “Sheriff to summon Andrew Johnston, Elizabeth his wife, John Spurgeon and Mary, his wife, Joseph Friend, Sarah his wife; Valentine Sowerhaber, Mary his wife; Lydia Spurgeon, daughter of John Spurgeon to appear in Monongalia County Court second Monday, May next to answer bill in chancery exhibitted by Levi Knotts, under penalty of 100 pounds. Signed, John Evans, Clerk. Dated 28 Apr 1801.”173 This wording suggests that this Lydia was his daughter, not theirs together. It also shows us that Mary Green and John Spurgeon were married. Even if Wiley was wrong about the mother, he saw the daughter relationship and thought the child must be John Spurgeon and Mary Green’s together. As well, this Lydia would have been too young to be a part of a court summons if she was Mary Green’s daughter for she would have been only about 4 years old at the time. Mary

170Evelyn Guard Olsen, “Indian Blood,” (Parsons, WV), McClain Printing Company [found at California State College at Fullerton], p. 65. 171“Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in 1790, Virginia,” (Baltimore, 1966), Genealogical Publishing Co., p. 36. 172S.T. Wiley, “History of Preston County, West Virginia,” (Kingwood, WV, 1882), The Journal Printing House, p. 225. 173“Monongalia County Court House Records,” Envelope 118B, FHL #207,159. Also found in Monongalia County Court Records, Roll 25, Env. 118B.

© 1993 Spurgeon Family History by Dr. Gary Alan Dickey, 1546 Devonshire Avenue, Westlake Village, CA 91361 • p. 45

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