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and only one in the state, William Spurgeon, who appears with 12 whites in his family, shown living next to Samuel Robenet with 5 in his family.160

The 1790 U.S. Census for (West) Virginia lists only one Spurgeon in Monongalia County Why John or James don’t appear here is

not known, but they were probably missed by the Census enumerator. The original immigrant James must have already died by the time the census was taken. No Spurgeon is listed in the 1790 or 1800 U.S. Census for Frederick County, Maryland, though in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, an Elias, Ezekiel, and a Samuel Spurgeon appear in 1800. The above speculations regarding the relationships of the Spurgeons mentioned is tentative, based on supposition rather than hard facts of actual identity, until further, if any, information can be found to help clarify the relationships. James Spurgeon, son of John and grandson of James is known to be in this area because of his name appearing in a land survey, viz., “Sept’r 10th 1790. Agreeable to an Order of the Court of Monga. County held May 1790 I have surveyed 328 Acres of Land for James Spurgen in the Said County it being a tract of Land Granted to the Said Spurgen by Pattent bearing date the 19th day of October 1786 in the right of Settlement ….”161

The Spurgeons saw service in the Revolutionary War for the American cause. Ezekiel

served the 2nd Class with Captain Patrick Hainey’s Company, Bedford County, Pennsylvania.162 John, James, and William Spurgan (sic) served in the 3rd Company, Ist Battalion, Bedford County Militia under Captain Evan Cessna in 1781.163

The same John Spurgeon is also listed

serving in the same 3rd Company, 1st Battalion, 3rd Class and appears as John Spurgan Pvt. on a Class Roll for Capt. Evan Cissna for the period 1780-1783 with his township of residence listed as Cumberland Valley.164

Because these rolls do not carry any other identifying information

except for name and unit, it is possible that the John and James mentioned could be John’s children rather than himself and his brothers. They would have all been of duty age and which often saw both father and son in service, John Sr. being about 49 at the time. The Continental Congress of 1775 passed a resolution stating that all able bodied men 16 to 60 should form themselves into regular companies, and that each soldier, “… be furnished with a good musket that will carry an ounce ball, with a bayonet, steel ram-rod, worm priming wire with a brush fitted thereto, a cutting sword or tomahawk, a cartridge box that will contain 23 rounds of cartridges, 12 flints, and a knapsack.”165

They are all placed in the vicinity and the same time

period and so it is hard to tell which are being listed. However, it seems there is a possibility that the Spurgeons mentioned are not the children but the brothers because Ezekiel and William are mentioned. They were sons of James and brothers of John (he not having any children by those

160“Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790, Virginia,” (Baltimore, 1952), Southern Book Company, p. 36. 161“Monongalia County Surveyors Records,” Roll 142, Vol. 4, p. 350. 162“Pennsylvania Archives,” Fifth Series, Vol. V, p. 112. 163Ibid. p. 110. 164“Militia Card for John Spurgan,” Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Bureau of Archives and History, Harrisburg, P.A. (5) V, 110; The Revolutionary War Records of the National Archives, Washington D.C. were searched but no file was found for John Spurgeon [however, some soldiers served in State Militia units which were never mustered into Federal units and for that reason State Revolutionary War service may be found when Federal service cannot. These men were considered soldiers provided they were not fined for non- attendance. Pennsylvania militia companies were composed of men aged 18 to 53 arranged into 8 “classes,” each class being called into service in rotation to protect each community against the possibility of the devastating loss of too many of its able-bodied men at one time]. 165Morton L. Montgomery, “History of Berks County, Pennsylvania, in the Revolution, from 1774 to 1783,” (Reading, Pa., 1894), Chas. F. Haage, Printer, p. 40.

© 1993 Spurgeon Family History by Dr. Gary Alan Dickey, 1546 Devonshire Avenue, Westlake Village, CA 91361 • p. 42

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