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brother of James and this William was living next to his father-in-law. In 1785, a James Spurgeon is listed in a taxable list in Monongalia County (now Preston) on Thomas McCollum’s Return as James Spurgin Sr. I initially thought this could be the immigrant James who sold land he owned in Colerain Township, Bedford County, in 1786 and is now living near family in fairly close-by Monongalia County. However, after being in communication with a Spurgeon relative, Tom Hamm of Indianapolis, Indiana, he suggested this would probably not be the case as in his will which was written in 1784 stated that he was “stricken in years and weak in body” and therefore would not have come over the mountains to Monongalia County from Bedford County in Pennsylvania. That this is so is seen in the fact that one of the signers of James’ will and estate inventory was a William Iiames, who was a resident of Bedford County, not Monongalia. Also, listed in this 1785 tax list are another James Spurgen and a Jeremiah Spurgin. One of the two James Spurgeons mentioned above is the James Spurgeon who married Elizabeth (Farmer) but it isn’t known which one, and if the other is not his father, the immigrant James, as it seems unlikely, it is most probably his nephew. The immigrant James’ probable three sons James Jr., Samuel, and William Spurgin appear in the same year on Thomas Cheney’s Return in the same area as Joseph, John, and Samuel Robenet.158 lists159


In the special 1786-88 (West) Virginia State Tax several Spurgeons may be found. In the 1786 Monongalia Tax List, James Spurgin is


listed under the Militia Captain James Cochran with 1 white male over 21; 2 horses, and 11 cattle, credited with 20/as he was overcharged in 1785. Under Militia Captain Daniel McCollum are found Samuel, William, and Jeremiah Spurgin as well as Samuel Robinet (William being issued 40/ credit on 1785 taxes). In the 1787 Monongalia Tax List “District A” Jas. Spurgin is shown as charged with tax with 2 white males above 16 and under 21; 4 horses or mules; and 11 cattle; in Tax List “District B” James, Joseph, William, Zephaniah, Samuel and Jeremiah Spurgen are listed. The James Spurgeon in this list is noted with no dependents (though wives were not noted, cows and mules were!), 1 horse and 4 cattle. One of these is my direct descendant James Spurgeon, likeliest the one listed in Tax List ‘B’ because of the absence of any younger members noted in the family. The other James Spurgeon was his nephew. Also found in this same listing are Samuel and John Robinett (Spurgeons married their sisters). In the Monongalia Tax List ‘A’ a James Spurgeon is listed alongside a John Spurgeon. James is shown with 1 white male above 16 and under 21 and 3 blacks under 16; John Spurgeon is shown with no dependents living with him and 2 blacks under 16. I assume this John Spurgeon is my direct ancestor, the father of the above James Spurgeon and living near his grandson James Spurgeon. In the 1787 Tax Lists all the Spurgeons were visited on the same day, May 30th, which is a good indication that they all lived near one another as it is assumed that the tax commissioner could only visit so large an area each day and that those listed on the same day must be in close proximity to one another. The 1788 Tax List ‘B’ shows James Spurgeon with no dependents and 1 horse charged tax. Also listed are William and Zephaniah Spurgeon (was the son of William and Priscilla Robinette Spurgeon) and Samuel Robinett.


158J.R. Cole [O.F. Morton], “A History of Preston County, West Virginia [Biographical Department]” (Kingwood, West Virginia, 1914), The Journal Publishing Company, pp. 880, 884. This same Thomas Cheney is identified in a survey of 26 March 1784 for William Spurgen as an Ass’ee [sic] of Thomas Cheney Ass’ee of Hedgman Triplett Ass’ee of Francis Warman of 126 acres of land in Monongalia County dated January of 1782 on a branch of little Sandy Creek in Sandy Creek Glades, “Monongalia County Surveyor’s Records,” Vol. 2, p. 277-278. 159Netti Schreiner-Yantis, “The Personal Property Tax Lists for the Years 1786, 1787 [partial] & 1788 for Monongalia County, Virginia,” (Springfield, Virginia, 1987), Genealogical Books in Print, pp. 1315, 1318, 1319, 1320, 1323, 1324, 1325, 1331, 1333, 1335, 1336.


© 1993 Spurgeon Family History by Dr. Gary Alan Dickey, 1546 Devonshire Avenue, Westlake Village, CA 91361 • p. 41


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