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John Spurgeon is shown taxed on the Frederick County Tax List in 1754, 55, 56, 60, 61, 62, 63, 66, 68, and 69, presumably on the above properties.132


Frederick County (now Allegany County), in 1761 shows James Spurgeon, Senr. 4; William Spurgeon 1; Jno. Spurgeon, 1; James Spurgeon, Junr. 1. This would be James the emigrant and his three sons.133


the only ones which exist for the year 1761. These lists were based on a head tax not land owner- ship and were paid in tobacco.


The Spurgeons served in the colonial French and Indian Wars. After General Braddock’s


disastrous defeat on the Monongahela at Turtle Creek near Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh) in July of 1755, in which he was mortally wounded, the European troops were withdrawn northward, leaving the frontier essentially unprotected from roving bands of Indians. Braddock’s Redcoat troops had garrisoned all through the area of the Catoctin Mountains on their way to Pennsylvania. After the defeat, families left their homes in the back settlements of Frederick County and flocked eastward. In October, Governor Sharpe ordered out one company of militia from each of the eight counties on the Western Shore to range for one month on the western frontier. Fort Frederick, which still stands today, was erected on the Potomac River about 15 miles west of Conococheague (present-day Hagerstown), and where it is highly likely that our Spurgeons would have at sometime during their service, seen some duty, as this was where Joseph Chapline, their militia commander, went to command a regiment of infantry.134


John Spurgeon served in 1757 or 1758 for a total of 54 days of service in the Colonial


Militia as listed in the Muster Roll of Captain Joseph Chapline’s Company, Maryland Militia (undated), and receiving £2.14.0 as well as his brothers James (30 days), Samuel (19 days), and William (19 days).135


The Muster Roll of Captain Peter Bainbridge’s Company, Maryland Militia


lists Samuel, William, and James for 41 days service being paid £2.1.0; Muster Roll of Captain Moses Chapline’s Company, Maryland Militia lists Corporal John Spirgin, paid £3.13.3, and soldiers Samuel, William, and James serving for 55 days service, paid £2.15.0.136 also served for another 41 days and earning £2.1.0 pay for service.137 John also served for 5 days under Joseph Chapline, listed as Sprugen and earning £0.5.0138 £0.9.0.139


Under the same command he also served for 54 days earning £2.14.0.140


Chapline was the one from whom John Spurgeon purchased the 46 acres of land called “Father’s Good Will” 29 October 1753; and Moses Chapline served on a jury with James Spurgeon, John’s father in the 1749/50 court term (this Moses was also constable of Antietam Hundred and


132”Spurgeon Quarterly,” Special Edition, January 1988, p. 2. 133“Western Maryland Genealogy,” Vol. 6, No. 3 [July 1990], p. 106 134Schildt, op. cit., p. 24. 135Though these muster rolls are undated, on p. 28 of the MSS is the entry: “To Capt. Elias Delashmut’s muster roll, August 13, 1757.” Further in the material is an account for services for 1758, “Maryland Historical Society Magazine,” Vol. IX, No. 3, p. 260. I searched the surname index of all 85 volumes [1905-1985] of the “Maryland Historical Society Magazine” but could only find one series of references referring to the Spurgeons, p. 277. 136Murtie June Clark, “Colonial Soldiers,” op. cit., pp. 102-4; 110; 111; 113; see also “Maryland Historical Society Magazine,” Vol. 9, No. 3, (Baltimore, 1914), p. 356. 137“Maryland Historical Society Magazine,” op. cit., p. 353. 138Ibid., p. 277. 139Ibid. 140Ibid., p. 274.


© 1993 Spurgeon Family History by Dr. Gary Alan Dickey, 1546 Devonshire Avenue, Westlake Village, CA 91361 • p. 38 These three


and another 9 days earning Joseph


A head tax for Old Town, This tax list, with the tax records in Sugarland Hundred, Frederick County, are


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