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Herodius Blue, Phileip Broadwater, Ignatius Rock, John Still, Archer Morley, Michael Huff, Joseph Johnson and George Tunis. Spergen built the first mill on Town Creek, 1730. This was a combination saw and grist mill. Remnants of the old mill may still be seen … All settlers in the territory later to become Bedford County had no legal right or title to their claim whatsoever before about 1760 and were considered as squatters. Such was the legal status of all the early settlers here mentioned. However, such claims were usually allowed later and given legal status on the grounds of improvements of which there were considerable scattered here and there over the vast extent of the original County of Bedford.108


This account mentions John Spurgeon, brother of James, and the early settlement of


Town Creek. Also mentioned is James Iames of the Iames Family whose land adjoined the Spurgeon’s property in Town Creek.


In 1766, the heads of the families of Frederick County petitioned Governor Horatio


Sharpe to call together the Maryland Assembly for the purpose of issuing bills of credit, or paper money. The old use of tobacco as money, still prevalent in the state, was particularly in- convenient on the northwestern frontiers where tobacco was not a practical crop. The name William Spregen and William Spugin appears on the list, and is probably James Spurgeon’s son William.109


On 9 November 1769, James deeded to his son James Jr. a 50-acre tract of the 300 acres


on “Spurgeons Choice” which he originally purchased by warrant 19 July 1763. Part of the trans- action reads: “... This indenture made ... between James Spurgeon Senr. of Fredk. County and Province of Maryland, farmer ... for and in Consideration of the sum of Ten Pound Current money ... doth fully and absolutely sell aline and Confirm unto the said James Spurgen [Jr.] part of that tract or parcel of land called Spurgeons Choice ... lying and being in Fredk. County ... Lying [and] Joining his brother Williams [land] ... containing 50 acres of Land more or less Together with all the woods and underwoods, Timber Lumber and Timber Houses, Orchards, Gardens, fences, waughter courses and all other improvements ....”110


Notations on the deed


were: “Susanah wife to him the said James Spurgeon Senior releases her rights of dowry,” and “James Spurgeon Jr. also paid 2 shillings alienation fine.” His mark on this document is as follows:


108J. B. Whisker, “Bedford County, Pennsylvania Archives,” Vol. 5, FHL# 974.871 D29b, p. 11f. Information kindly sent to me by Mary Ann Schatz of Los Altos, California. 109“Monocacy and Catoctin [Some Early Settlers of Frederick and Carroll Counties, MD and Adams County, PA, also Descendants c 1725-1985],” Vol. I, Editor C.E. Schildknecht, (Shippensburg, Pa, 1985), Biedel Printing House, Inc., p. 96. 110“Frederick County, Maryland Land Records," Deed Book M, pp. 636-637.


© 1993 Spurgeon Family History by Dr. Gary Alan Dickey, 1546 Devonshire Avenue, Westlake Village, CA 91361 • p. 32


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