This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
WESTERN MONGOLIA

WESTERN MONGOLIA

RUSSIA

Shuvuut Uul (3496m)

Kosh-Agach

Siilkhem Nuruu National Park

Tavan Bogd (4374m)

Rashany Ikh Uul (3668m)

Tsagaan Sala

Sheveed Uul

Khoton Nuur

Sogoog

(3350m) Tsengel

Khurgan Nuur

Dayan Nuur

Mogoit Valley

Khairkhan Uul (3943m)

Altai Tavan Bogd National Park

Tsengel

Buyant

Tolbo Nuur

Altai

Sairyn Uul (3984m)

Tolbo

Döröö Nuur

Deluun Ulaankhus

Sagsai

Tashanta Bohmörön

Tsagaannuur

Bayan-Ölgii

Ölgii

Siilkhem Nuruu National Park

Ikh Turgen Uul (3929m)

Ogotor Khamar Davaa

Khotgor Nogoonuur

Achit Nuur

Olon Nuur Valley

Develiin Aral Nature Reserve

Altantsögts Bayannuur

Tsast Uul (4193m)

Khovd Ömnögöv

Tsambagarav Uul National Park

Tsambagarav Uul

(4202m)

Erdeneburen

(3750m)

Maraa Uul

Wall of Chinggis Khan

Buyant Khovd

Khovd

Khökh Serkh Strictly Protected Area

Duut

Watchtower

Mankhan Nature Reserve

Tsenkheriin Agui

Mönkh Khairkhan

Bulgan

Mönkh Khairkhan (4362m)

Mönkh Khairkhan National Park

Zereg

Darvi

Jargalant Orgil

Tsenkheriin Gol Us Nuur Khar

Myangad Dörgön

Dam

Khar Us Nuur National Park

Jargalant Khairkhan Uul

Ger Camp

Mankhan

Khar Nuur

Khomyn Tal

(3797m) Chandmani

Yargaitin Ekh Uul

(3464m)

Bumbat Khairkhan (3464m)

Dorgon Nuur

Sagil

Üüreg Nuur

Ancient Graves & Balbals

Yamaat Valley

Ulaan Davaa

Bairam Davaa

Türgen Uul (3965m)

Khökh Nuur

Kharkhiraa Uul (4037m)

Kharkhiraa Gol

Naranbulag

Khar Us Nuur (Ölgii Nuur)

Ölgii

Khyargas Nuur National Park

Zavkhan Turgen

Tsagaan

Davst

Uvs Nuur Strictly Protected Area

Ulaangom

Tarialan

Watching Site

Bird-

Uvs

Malchin Khyargas

Cold Springs Khar Temis

Khyargas Nuur

Airag Nuur

Khairkhan Gol

Chono

Urgamal

Bayan Nuur

Santmargats

Zavkhanmandal

Ikh Agui

Ukh Bural Uul

(2357m)

Mongol Els

Khökhmörit

Ereen Nuur

Dorvoljin

Aldarkhaan

Tsagaan Khairkhan

Borhyn Els

Khyarin Els

Bor

Zavkhan

Khar Nuur

Erdenekhairkhan Yaruu

Man Stones

Tsagaannuur

(2866m)

Dayan Uul

Ider

Zagastain Davaa

Otgon Tenger Uul

Uliastai

(3905m)

Khökh Nuur

Arkhangai

Khetsuu Khad

Nuur

Böörög Deliin Els

Züüngov

Bayan Nuur

Uvs

Tes

Tes River Reserve

Khövsgöl

0 0

WESTERN MONGOLIA

200 km

100 miles

Altan Els

Altan Els Strictly Protected Area

Baruunturuun Tes Tsagaankhairkhan

Khan Khokhii National Park

Öndörkhangai Songino

Tüdevtei

Nömrög

Tsetsen Uul

Telmen Nuur

Telmen Ikh-Uul

Tarvagatai Uul National Park

Tosontsengel

Züünkhangai Asgat Bayankhairkhan Tsetserleg

Tsagaan Uul

Sangiin Dalai Nuur

Solongotyn Davaa

Bayantes

Bayanzürkh

Bayan Uul Möst

CHINA

Bulgan Gol Nature Reserve

Bulgan

Khovd

Uench Tonkhil

Altai

Sharga Nature Reserve

Takhiin Tal Research Station

Strictly Protected Area (Gobi B)

Great Gobi

Alag Khairkhan Nature Reserve

Bij

Khairkhan Uul

(3789m) Alag

Bugat

Tseel

Gov-Altai

Khuren Tovon Uul

(3802m)

Sharga Bayan

Khaliun

Tögrög

Burkhan Buundai Uul

(3765m)

Khairkhan Uul

(2275m)

Eej Khairkhan Nature Reserve

Eej

Chandmani Erdene

Monastery Eguur

Biger

Altai

Delger

Jargalant Uul (3070m)

(3155m)

Böön Tsagaan Nuur

Khuren Öndör Uul

Baatsagaan

(2725m) Zon Uul (3452m)

Bayantsagaan

Serkh Uul

Khüreemaral

(Truck Stop) Uneen Us

Buutsagaan Tsetseg Darvi

Sutai Uul (4090m)

Jargalant

Tsagaanchuluut

Khasagt Khairkhan Uul

(3579m)

Otgon

Gurvanbulag

Taihshir

Bayanbulag

Zag

Bayankhongor

220 WESTERN MONGOLIA

lonelyplanet.com

lonelyplanet.com

History

The Mongol Altai Nuruu (commonly re- ferred to as the ‘Altai Mountains’) once stood as the easternmost territory inhabited by the Scythians, a vast empire of nomadic pasto- ralists who dominated Central Asia from around 700 BC to AD 300 – some of their tombs and rock carvings have been located in Mongolia and neighbouring Tuva. Prior to Mongol domination in the 13th century, western Mongolia was a stronghold of the Oirads, a warrior tribe that initially resisted the expansionary tactics of Chinggis Khaan, but later submitted. Following the collapse of the Mongol empire, the Oirads reasserted their domination over the area and expanded to the Volga. These pioneers became known as Kalmyks and still inhabit the Caspian shores of Russia. Manchu military outposts were created in

Khovd city and Uliastai during the Qing dy- nasty. Both capitulated soon after the fall of the Manchu empire in 1911. The fighting was particularly bloody in Khovd, where a mystic Kalmyk named Dambijantsan (also known as Ja Lama) gathered an army of 5000 Oirads and Mongols, razed the fortress to the ground and skinned the Chinese soldiers inside. Under Ulaanbaatar rule, western Mongolia was called Chandmandi until it was broken up into three aimags (provinces) in 1931. One of the three, Bayan-Ölgii, was designated as a homeland for ethnic Kazakhs living in the region.

Climate

Weather can be extremely temperamental in the Altai mountains. Brief snowstorms are common even in summer. These don’t last long; usually within an hour the sun will be out again, but have a jacket ready. Summer is surprisingly cool in the Altai Mountains and you’ll need a reliable, sub-zero rated sleeping bag and tent. The low-lying lakes and rivers of western Mongolia also attract some appalling packs of mosquitoes; arm yourself with seri- ous bug repellent.

Language

In some parts of western Mongolia, espe- cially Bayan-Ölgii, Kazakh is the dominant language. Other dialects are also spoken;

WESTERN MONGOLIA •• History 221

o M

g n

o

l

l A

i a t Bulgan Türg

r u N

Khovd Gol

u u

Khangai Nuruu

G

Ikh Khairkhan Nuruu

Amur River

Tes Gol

o

l

Bor Burgas

Gol

Türget

T s

a g a

n

Go l

Gol

a n

Zavk

h a

h S

a

v

a

r

G

o

l

Y a

r u

u

G

o

l

Buyant Gol

Agar Gol

Tes Gol

Gol

Mongol Altai Nuruu

Bulgan Gol

Gurt Gol Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com