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Sector 3. The Fiji Islands and the Lau Group

current over the reef has been observed to set between the NW to SW at a rate of 0.5 to 1.3 knots.

3.97

Siafiafi Seamount (12°14'S., 175°30'W.), 72 miles NNE of

Ile Uvea, was reported to have a depth of 29m, where the bot- tom was plainly visible.

3.97

A number of depths from 18.3 to 33m are charted about 15

miles W of Siafiafi Seamount; their position may best be seen on the chart.

3.97

Field Seamount (12°19'S., 174°48'W.) lies 38 miles ESE of

Siafiafi Seamount. The depths vary from 24 to 27m; it is steep- to. A 21m patch lies 27 miles SE of Field Seamount.

3.98 Taviuni Reef (12°05'S., 174°35'W.), 14 miles NE of

Field Seamount, has a least known depth of 16.5m. It is steep- to; the 2,000m curve lies 2 miles all around the reef.

3.98

Waterwitch Seamount (12°30'S., 176°40'W.), located

about 48 miles NW of Ile Uvea, has a least charted depth of 20m. A bank, with depths of 48m, lies about 15 miles N of Waterwitch Seamount.

3.98

Isabella Reeft (12°25'S., 177°26'W.), with a depth of 18.3m,

lies 35 miles WNW of Waterwitch Seamount; Combe Sea- mount (12°31'S., 177°40'W.) lies 6 miles SW of Isabella. There is a depth of 26m over Combe Seamount.

3.98

In the area of the three above-mentioned depths, a slight

current setting NW was experienced. With a fresh trade wind this set was increased and there was a troublesome sea in the area.

3.98

Depths of 7.6 to 18.3m are charted from 8 miles N of Isa-

bella Reef to 11 miles NW; their positions may best be seen on the chart.

3.98

Adolph Seamount (11°54'S., 178°10'W.), with a charted

depth of 29m, lies 52 miles NW of Isabella Reef. It rises steep- ly from depths 549 to 732m.

3.98

Tuscarora Seamount (11°50'S., 178°15'W.) lies 3 miles

NW of Adolph Seamount. On the SW edge of the bank, there is a depth of 26m; the entire bank is steep-to.

Robbie Bank (11°04'S., 176°53'W.), 84 miles NE of Adolph Seamount, is nearly circular in shape with a diameter of 8 miles. It is composed of sand and coral, with a least charted depth of 12.8m in its W part.

3.98 3.98

A 14.6m depth was reported to lie 3 miles W of the S ex-

tremity of Robbie Bank. 3.99 Bayonnaise Seamount (12°06'S., 179°37'W.) lies 85

miles W of Adolph Seamount. A depth of 10.1m lies over this bank.

3.99

Between Bayonnaise Seamount and a position 90 miles SSE,

several isolated depths are charted that range from 22 to 108m; their positions may best be seen on the chart.

A similar number of soundings extend 30 miles NW and 35 miles N of Bayonnaise; these depths vary from 18.3 to 33m. Balmoral Reef (15°40'S., 175°52'E.), 147 miles NW of Viti

3.99 3.99

Levu, is 2.5 miles in length and 1.8 miles wide, with a least depth of 7.3m near its E edge. A shoal, with a depth of 9.1m, was reported to lie 24 miles SSW of Balmoral Reef.

3.99

Caution.—Balmoral Reef has been reported (1991) to lie 5

miles NE of its charted position. Discolored water was ob- served (1999) about 12 miles to the ENE of this same charted position.

91

3.100 Rotuma Island (12°30'S., 177°06'E.) is now adminis-

tered by the Dominion of the Fiji Islands. A District Officer re- sides at the Government Station, which includes a radio station and a small hospital.

3.100

Seen from a distance of about 10 miles, the island appears

undulating, hilly, and densely wooded. Mount Suelhof, 256m high, rises near the center; Satarua Peak, 166m high, lies near the E end of the island.

3.100

A low isthmus lies 2 miles from the W end of the island. On

the N coast of this isthmus, Soloroa, 218m high, a cliff with a red sandstone face, forms the NW extremity of Foviung Efau. About 0.8 mile SW of Soloroa is Solmea, another prominent, conical, wooded hill, 165m high.

3.100

Winds—Weather.—The Southeast Trades predominant

throughout the year, though typhoons have occurred during the months from November to April.

3.100

During the month of September, the wind blows almost con-

stantly from between ENE and ESE, moderate to fresh breezes. During three days, it attained the force of a fresh gale. The climate is damp.

3.100

Tides—Currents.—The spring range here is 1.4m, while the neap tidal range is 1m.

3.100 3.100

Solkope, with a summit 128m high, close off the SE coast,

cannot be distinguished as an island from seaward. The island lies on the edge of the coastal reef. A mudbank extends 0.6 mile offshore, 0.8 mile SE of Solkope.

3.100

Solnahu, a flat-topped islet 50m high, lies on the coastal reef

about 1 mile W of Solkope. Amnoseng Point is located on the S side of the island, 3.5 miles W of Solnahu.

3.100

Limarai Rock, a small coral patch with a depth of 5.5m, is

located about 1 mile offshore, SW of the SW extremity of Ro- tuma. The fringing reef extends over 0.3 mile off the same point.

3.101 Whale Bank (12°32'S., 176°52'E.), with a least depth of 26m, lies 6.5 miles WSW of Limarai Rock.

3.101

From the SW extremity of the island, the coast trends in a N

direction 1 mile to Halafa (12°30'S., 177°01'E.), the NW extremity of the island. The entire coast is fringed by a reef. Cliffs 9.1m high front the N half of this coast.

3.101

Uea (12°28'S., 176°59'E.), a conical island, 262m high, lies

1.8 miles NNW of Halafa. It is the farthest NE of a chain of rocks which extends 3.5 miles SW.

Hofhaviyunglola is the name of two rocks, 0.6m high, lying close together, 0.8 mile WSW of Uea.

3.101 3.101

Hatana, a small rocky islet, 18.3m high, lies 1.8 miles SW of

Uea; a small islet lies off its N end. These two islets are sur- rounded by a fringing reef and foul ground, with blind rollers, and extends 600m SW.

3.101

Hofliua (12°30'S., 176°56'E.) is a small, bare, rocky and

cliffy islet, 58m high, located 3.5 miles SW of Uea. It is the farthest SW of the chain of islets, and has a remarkable, per- pendicular cleft across it, which the sea passes through.

Caution.—No dangers have been detected in the channels between these rocks and islets, but as the bottom is rocky and uneven, and a heavy sea runs over it, it is not advisable to pass between the islets of the group.

3.101 3.101

Mariners without local knowledge, approaching Rotuma

from the W, might possibly mistake Uea for Soloroa, the high, wooded bluff on the W side of Rotuma.

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