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Sector 3. The Fiji Islands and the Lau Group

3.94 Iles Wallis (13°18''S., 176°10''W.), about 127 miles

ENE of Iles de Horne, are a group of islands, islets, and reefs surrounded by a barrier reef which forms a lagoon. The lagoon provides a good shelter.

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Ile Uvea, about 8 miles long N-S and 3 to 4 miles wide, is the

principal island in Iles Wallis. Mont Lulu-Fakahega, near the center of the island, is 145m high and covered with vegetation. Most of the islets that surround Ile Uvea are on the barrier

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reef. The most characteristic are Ilot Nukufoto, on the N point of the barrier reef, 45m high and dark colored; Ilot Fungalei, to the E of Mata Utu, 60m high, with a saddle summit; and Ile Faioa, to the SE of Ile Uvea on the barrier reef, covered with coconut palms. Hihifo airport aero radiobeacon lies in position 13°14.5'S, 176°11.9'W.

Ile Nukuaeta (13°22'S., 176°11'W.), within Passe Honikulu, is 98m high, rugged, and prominent.

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Ilot Fenua Fu, on the reef to the E of the pass, about 775m S

of the white rock, is a good landmark for vessels approaching from the S.

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Ilot Nukutaakimua, on a reef 1.3 miles NNE of Ilot Fenua

Fu, resembles a sailboat and is a good mark for navigating in the bay.

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Caution.—The barrier reef off the W coast of Uvea un-

covers partially, and after a period of good weather does not break. At night, in calm weather, it will not be seen when approaching the island.

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Fish havens, marked by black buoys, have been established

in the adjacent waters S of the Wallis Islands. 3.95 Passe Honikulu (13°23'S., 176°11'W.), close W of

Ile Fenua Fu, leads into Baie de Mua and is the only channel used by vessels proceeding to the anchorage inside the barrier reef. The pass shows charted depths of 12.6m, and reportedly will handle vessels up to 9,000 grt.

Tides—Currents.—The mean tidal rise is 1.1m, while the spring rise is 1.4m.

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On a spring tide, HWS occurs between 1.5 hours and 2 hours before HW, while LWS occurs 30 to 45 minutes after HW. During neap tides, HWS occurs between 1 hour and 10

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minutes before HW, to 30 minutes before HW, while LWS occurs between 15 and 30 minutes after HW. At spring tides, the ebb current reaches 4 knots and the flood current 3 knots. At neaps, the ebb flows at 3 knots, while the flood reaches 2 knots. During and after periods of bad weather, the current patterns are altered by the surf and storm swell thrown over the barrier reef. Current rates of 6 knots may be experienced, and the duration of the ebb current will be increased.

The ebb current is known to set onto the NE point of the reef forming the W side of the pass, creating strong tide rips. Depths—Limitations.—Baie de Mua, an area within the

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barrier reef E of Passe Honikulu, shows general charted depths of 24 to 46m. Mouillage de Mua, an enclosed anchorage separ- ated from Baie de Mua by several reefs, is difficult to reach and requires local knowledge. Baie de Mata-utu has depths of 7.3 to 42m, but is studded with reefs and coral heads. The bay is reached from Baie de Mua by Passe Faioa, a narrow but deep channel. Tidal currents within the pass reach rates of 3 to 4 knots.

Gahi is a small village on the NW side of Mouillage de Matalaa.

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Pub. 126

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Mata-utu anchorage is hampered by reefs and shoals best

seen on the chart. Three berths with restricted swinging room are available, as follows: 1. In a depth of 30m, sand and coral, with the church at

Mata-utu bearing 160°, 1.6 miles distant. 2. In a depth of 22m, with the church bearing 136°, 1.4

miles distant. 3. In a depth of 12m, good holding ground, with the church bearing 120°, 0.9 mile distant.

Directions.—Keeping in mind the tidal currents, Passe

Honikulu should be attempted at LWS, with the sun high and astern. Preferably the vessel should arrive off the channel en- trance at least 1 hour prior to slack water to identify the range marks and gauge the currents.

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A white triangular daymark sits atop a grey, stone wall on Ile

Uvea, in line with a white rock located on the fringing reef close SE of Ile Nukuatea bearing 032.3°. Once within the reefs, the channel through Baie de Mua and Passe Faiou is marked by beacons and buoys. One leg of the passage through Baie de Mata-utu is marked by the church in Mata-utu, in line bearing 340.5° with a light brown house with a red roof on the slope of a hill, about 1.3 miles NNW of it.

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Caution.—Coral heads or reefs, not all of which are marked,

fringe the passage through the bays and anchorages. Mariners should exercise the appropriate caution when navigating within the barrier reef.

3.97 Lalla Rookh Seamount (12°56'S., 175°40'W.), 32

miles NE of Ile Uvea, has a general depth of 16 to 29m, sand and coral bottom. From the edge the soundings drop steeply to depths of 367 to 549m.

The current in the vicinity of the seamount was found to set between WNW and SSE from 0.5 to 1.3 knots.

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Home Seamount (12°54'S., 175°37'W.) lies 1 mile ENE of

Lalla Rookh. It is a small coral knoll with a least depth of 18m and general depths of 22 to 29m, coral and sand bottom. The 2,000m curve encircles the two seamounts at distances varying from 1.5 to 3 miles.

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Pasco Reef (13°06'S., 174°35'W.), 90 miles E of Iles Wallis, has a least depth of 14m on its S edge and is steep-to. The

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3.96 Mata-utu (13°17'S., 176°08'W.) (World Port Index

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No. 55650), the capital of the island group, is situated 3.3 miles N of Gahi. A pier extends from the village, at the outer end of which lies a berth 45m in length, with an alongside depth of 6.8m. Vessels berth either starboard side-to or stern-to. Depths—Limitations.—Halao is a lighter complex situated

on the W side of Ile Uveai and is reached by a channel S of Nukuatea, marked by beacons. A set of beacons, in line bear- ing 051.75°, leads to a wharf capable of handling tankers up to 60m in length with drafts of 4m. A concrete slipway for flat- bottomed lighters is also available.

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Anchorage.—In Baie de Mua, anchorage is available, in a

depth of 40m, sand, with the white rock mentioned below bear- ing 270° and about 1.3 miles distant.

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Matalaa anchorage is the best anchorage available here,

having depths of 18 to 22m over a good holding ground of sand and coral, as well as being sheltered by reefs. The village of Gahi is reachable by boat from this anchorage in all but very bad weather. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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