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88

Sector 3. The Fiji Islands and the Lau Group

a conspicuous hill in the shape of a truncated cone, 143m high. The island is surrounded by a coral reef which almost dis- appears N of this hill.

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Marambo Island (18°59'S., 178°50'W.), about 7 miles E of

the S extremity of Kambara, is about 52m high and is sur- rounded by a fringing reef which extends 0.5 mile from the is- land on the SW side.

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Namuka-i-Lau, 12 miles NE of Marambo, is a dark, wooded

island with a badly defined summit, 79m high, overlooking the N coast. A form of barrier reef nearly surrounds the island. At the NE and SW points of the island the reef touches the shore, but on the NW side it is broken and recedes from shore and forms a harbor for small vessels, reachable by those drawing 4m or less with local knowledge.

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Wilkes Reef, 2.8 miles N of the E end of Namuka-i-Lau,

dries at LW. There is a shoal, with a depth of 3.7m, 0.2 mile S of the reef.

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Yangasa Cluster, 4 miles SE of Namuka-i-Lau, consists of

four islands within a lagoon, which is formed by a barrier reef 22 miles in circumference.

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visible.

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On the W part of the barrier reef there are several rocks Yangasa Levu (18°56'S., 178°28'W.), the largest island of

the cluster, is table-topped and 119m high. This island lies in the E part of the lagoon. The other islands may best be seen on the chart.

3.87 Thakau Levu (18°52'S., 178°22'W.), a coral reef 3

miles NNE of Yangasu Levu, is open on the W end and has a prominent horn forming the E end, which always breaks heavi- ly. On the SW prong there is a sand cay, 0.6m high, which is conspicuous in bright weather.

Thakau Thikondua, 3 miles E of the N end of Yangasa Levu, is a small, round, flat reef.

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Naiabo Island, of coral composition and 12m high, lies 5.5

miles E of Yangasa Levu. The barrier reef which surrounds the island encloses a shallow lagoon.

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Thakau Reivareiva and Thakau Nasokesoke are two small flat

coral reefs that lie 1.5 and 4 miles S, respectively, of Naiabo Island. These reefs are steep-to and dry in places at LW. Fulanga Island (19°08'S., 178°35'W.), 8 miles SSW of the

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Yangasa Cluster, is 79m high. The island, together with the reef to the N, encloses a basin which is thickly studded with rocks on its E and W side varying in heights from 6 to 15m. The outer edge of the island is surrounded by a coral reef of a fring- ing character.

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Ongea Levu and Ongea Ndriki, including a barrier reef, lie 4

miles E of Fulanga. The reef dries at LW, and has a passage on the W side. A conspicuous wreck is stranded on the reef SW of the islands.

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Ongea Levu, the largest of the two islands, lies near the cen-

ter of the lagoon. It is densely wooded and 82m high. Numer- ous detached rocks lie off its S shore.

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Ongea Ndriki lies in the S extremity of the lagoon. Its

summit is ill-defined and about 91m high. Several detached rocks fringe the N shore.

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Ongea Lagoon has fair anchorage, in 7 to 20m, sand and coral.

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The lagoon may be entered through Barracouta Passage on

the W side of the reef. It is 228m wide and has 24m in mid- channel.

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The reefs on the sides of the passage dry at LW. A coral

head, which must be left to starboard when entering, has a depth of 1.8m. This coral head lies 230m E of the S inner horn. The entrance may be found by steering for the N detached

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rock N of Ongea Ndriki bearing 106°, but the vessel should be conned from aloft in a favorable light.

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Tides—Currents.—The tidal current in the passage has

been estimated to run through Barracouta Passage at a rate of 3 knots at half tide. Thakau Teteika, 0.5 mile E of the N end of Ongea Barrier, has a rock showing 0.6m above HW off its NW edge.

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Nuku Songe (19°13'S., 178°21'W.) lies 3.8 miles E of the

SE coast of Ongea Ndriki. A sand cay, 0.6m high, lies near the N extremity and a rock, 0.9m high, lies on the SW edge of Nuku Songe.

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Vatoa (19°50'S., 178°13'W.) lies 38 miles SSE of Ongea

Ndriki. It is densely wooded, rising gradually to 67m in its N part. A reef extends 1 mile from its N and S ends. A light is shown from the island.

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Vuata Vatoa is a detached reef lying 3 miles SSW of Vatoa.

Shoal water was reported to extend 5 miles off the SW part of the reef.

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Tides—Currents.—A current setting in a NE direction at a

rate of more than 1.5 knots was reported on one occasion between Vuata Vatoa and a position 100 miles SE.

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Caution.—A reef, with a depth of 3.7m, was reported to lie

about 40 miles ENE of Vatoa. 3.88 Oni-i-Lau (20°41'S., 178°47'W.) is a cluster of three

volcanic and three coral islands surrounded by a reef, oval in shape, and covering an area about 6 miles NE and SW, and about 4 miles wide. These islands lie about 52 miles SSW of Vatoa. At the NW part of the largest island is the highest peak of the group, which has an elevation of 113m.

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The SW elbow of the reef is marked by breakers. The NE

extremity and the line of the NW and SE sides are indicated by islets lying on the outer edge of the reef.

Vuato Ono, a reef awash, and on which the sea always breaks, lies 5 miles SW of Ono-i-Lau.

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Tuvana-i-Tholo (21°00'S., 178°43'W.) and Tuvana-i-Ra, 5

miles WSW, 17 miles S of Ono-i-Lau, are the farthest S of the Fiji Islands group. They are two densely-wooded sand cays surrounded by inaccessible reefs, which break heavily and can always be seen during the day. If they are not seen before nightfall the area should be given a wide berth. The islands have been reported (1997) to lie 2 miles SW of their charted positions.

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A bank, with a least depth of 179m, was reported to exist in

position 21°35'S, 178°55'W, about 32 miles SSW of Tuvana-i- Ra.

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Moala Island (18°35'S., 179°53'E.) lies 45 miles WSW of

Vanua Vatu. The island is about 7 miles long N-S and 5 miles wide; it is deeply indented on the E side. The island rises to a height of 468m in the NW part; a double peak 2 miles N of the S extremity rises to a height of 383m.

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