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Sector 3. The Fiji Islands and the Lau Group

3.77 Vanua Mbalavu Island (17°14'S., 179°00'W.), in the

W part of the lagoon, is the largest island of the group and rises to a height of 283m.

3.77

The principal passages into the lagoon are Tongan Passage,

on the SE side of the barrier reef; American Passage on the E side, 12 miles E of Vanua Mbalavu Island; and Nggilanggila Passage, at the NW corner of the lagoon.

3.77

Tongan Passage is frequently used for entering the lagoon. It

is about 0.8 mile wide and has a coral patch, awash at LW, in the center. Heavy breakers form on the reefs on either side of the entrance. The currents in the passage are irregular. The passage into the lagoon should not be attempted without local knowledge, as the beacons are not to be relied upon. Caution.—Unless the light is favorable and the lookout vigi-

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lant, the navigation of the lagoon is hazardous. It is seldom safe to steer to the W after 1400.

3.78 American Passage is 0.8 mile broad, the depth in the

center is over 183m, and it is easily navigated. The S end of Ava Island (17°22'S., 178°53'W.), bearing 264°, leads through the passage.

Nggilanggila Passage, at the NW extremity of the reef, is useful for entering the lagoon.

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Caution.—This passage is entered with two white beacons

standing on rocky islets located off the N end of Nggilanggila, ahead in line bearing 105°, but the front range beacon was reported to be missing in 1982. At that time, a set of white stone pillars standing on the N shore of Nggilanggila, in line bearing 114°, was reported to lead safely through the entrance channel. Local knowledge is recommended for this passage.

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The tidal currents run strongly through the channel. 3.79 Blackswan Point lies on the NW end of Vanua Mb-

alavu Island, about 2.3 miles within Nggilanggila Passage. A vessel more than 75m in length should not attempt the passage N of this point without a pilot.

3.79

Andavathi Passage, entered 5 miles W of the peak on Vanua

Mbalavu Island, is frequently used by interisland vessels. The SE extremity of the reef on the N side of the passage and the NE extremity of the reef on the S side are marked by beacons. Namalata Island (17°20'S., 178°58'W.), 128m high, is

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joined to the SE end of Vanua Mbalavu by a drying reef. Susui Island, 131m high, is separated from the SE end of Namalata by a narrow passage, which dries 0.6m.

Munia Island, 4 miles ESE of Susui Island, is 290m high. This island lies on the W side of Tongan Passage.

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Nuku Thikombia Reef, 4 miles E of American Passage, pro-

tects it, to some extent, from the SE swell. Dilio Shoal lies 4.5 miles ENE of Nuku Thikombia Reef.

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The Sovu Islets, located within the lagoon 6 miles WNW of

American Passage, are a group of three islands. The islet farthest W has a defined peak, 70m high. Sovu Passages lead through the barrier reef and are located 1 mile NW of Sovu Islets.

3.80 Nggilanggila (17°10'S., 179°03'W.), 155m high, lies

within the barrier reef close off the NW extremity of Vanua Mbalavu. An oblong basin enclosed between these two islands is almost entirely landlocked with a deep-water entrance about 0.3 mile wide. The anchorage is clear of dangers, except at the

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S end of the bay where there are small rocks which rise sheer from 9.1 to 18.3m of water. The shores of the bay are steep-to. Kanathea Island (17°16'S., 179°10'W.), 7.5 miles W of

Vanua Mbalavu, has some conspicuous peaks; the highest one is 253m high. The island is surrounded by a reef which extends 1 mile from the N side and on the E side opens into a barrier reef which extends NNE 6 miles.

Boehm Rock, a coral patch awash at LW, lies about 2 miles NE of Kanathea.

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Morse Reef, 1.5 miles SE of Kanathea, has a depth of 1.8m, and breaks heavy even in moderate weather.

3.80

Mango Island, 8.5 miles S of Kanathea, 204m high, is surrounded by a reef.

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Frost Reef (17°25'S., 179°19'W.), which dries at LWS, lies 7

miles W of Mango Island. A rock, 0.6m high, lies near its N end. 3.81 Katafanga (17°31'S., 178°44'W.), an island 55m

high, lies 10 miles SE of Exploring Isles, and is surrounded by a barrier reef which extends 2.5 miles from its E side. The reef breaks heavy off the NE and SE sides.

Malevuvu Reef, 4.5 miles N of Katafanga, is an atoll 2.8 miles long and 1.5 miles wide.

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Vekai Island, 9.1m high, is a coral rock covered with scrub

located 5.5 miles WSW of Katafanga. The barrier reef extends 1.5 miles W from the rock and forms a lagoon.

3.81

Tuvutha Island, 5.5 miles S of Vekai, has precipitous hills

near the shore. A conspicuous peak, 244m high, stands near the NW extremity of the island.

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land.

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tha, encloses a lagoon with depths of 20m.

A coral barrier reef, 0.2 to 0.3 mile in width, circles the is- Thakau Tambu (17°40'S., 178°33'W.), 14 miles E of Tuvu- Tavunuku-i-Wai, a small reef with a lagoon in the center, lies

2.5 miles SSW of Tuvutha, and Tavunuku-i-Vanua, with a sand cay 1.2m high located on it, lies 1.5 miles farther SSE. Yaroua Island, about 21m high to the tops of the trees, lies

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8.5 miles SE of Tuvutha, and Thakau Nokeva, which dries at LW, lies 2 miles farther SE.

Thakau Lasemarawa, 2.8 miles S of Yaroua, encloses a lagoon and is about 1.5 miles in diameter.

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Thithia Island (Cicia) (17°45'S., 179°20'W.), about 25

miles WSW of Tuvutha Island, is surrounded by a fringing reef which dries at LW. The island rises to a height of 165m and is 4 miles in diameter. It is of volcanic origin. An aviation runway is situated on the island.

3.81

Small vessels can anchor, in an indentation in the reef, in

26m of water, off the village of Tarakua, which is situated on the NW coast of the island. A 137° range line, consisting of two beacons, leads to the anchorage.

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Thakau Nawa, a small reef enclosing a lagoon, lies 2.5 miles

WSW of Thithia. 3.82 Nayau Island (17°58'S., 179°03'W.), dark colored

and densely wooded, lies 21 miles SSW of Tuvutha. The island is reef fringed except on the NW side, where the summit rim overhangs the sea. The island appears to be table-topped from all directions, with the summit between 162 to 177m high. Maafu Rock, a coral head with a depth of 8.2m at LW, lies 7 miles NE of Nayau. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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