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Sector 3. The Fiji Islands and the Lau Group

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Undu Point (16°08'S., 179°58'W.), the extreme NE point of

Vanua Levu, is dominated by a hill, 134m high. 3.65 Thikombia Island (15°46'S., 179°56'W.) is narrow

and wooded, with three conspicuous peaks; the highest, in the NW part, is 192m high. The NW coast is bold and rocky, but the E point is low and sandy. The island lies 22 miles N of Undu Point.

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Littlebreak Spit is a ledge of sunken coral reefs and detached

patches extending 2.5 miles SE from the E extremity of the island; there is seldom any break on this reef.

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From Undu Point, the coast trends in a SW direction to

Natewa Bay and is generally rocky, interspersed with small sandy bays. It is fringed by a drying reef which extends from 0.5 to 1 mile offshore; the reef is steep-to.

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Natewa Bay, about 20 miles SW of Undu Point, is entered

between Tawake (16°15'S., 179°51'E.) and Kumbulau Point (16°28'S., 179°55'E.), the N extremity of the Natewa Penin- sula.

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The bay has general depths of over 183m to within 9 miles of

its head. The NW coast, which has numerous detached reefs, has a shelving bottom while the SE coast is steep-to. The SE side of the bay is formed by the Natewa Peninsula, a triangular- shaped promontory whose apex is SE.

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Tides—Currents.—Within the bay, the height of tide is

influenced by the prevailing wind, and may vary as much as 0.5m from the values predicted for the area. During periods of strong E winds, a small surge has been observed here.

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Tidal currents in the center of the bay are negligible. Weak

and unpredictable local sets may be experienced in the vicinity of the reefs, but rates of more than 0.5 knot have not been experienced.

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From Kumbulau Point, the E coast of the Natewa Peninsula

extends SSW 13 miles, then SE for a distance of 8 miles to the E termination of Navukana Promontory.

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A barrier reef extends from 1 to 2.8 miles off Kumbulau

Point and the remainder of the coast is fronted by coral reefs, and backed by densely-wooded mountains, which rise to a height of 835m.

3.66 Rambi (16°30'S., 179°58'W.), separated from Kum-

bulau Point by Georgia Channel, rises to a height of 463m in its S part.

Dawson Bay, located on the E side of the island, 2.8 miles SW of its N extremity, is the deepest indentation on the island. Anchorage.—There is good anchorage at the head of the bay, in 20 to 27m, mud.

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Katharine Bay, located on the S side of Rambi Island, has good anchorage protected from all winds.

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3.69 Nggelelevu (16°05'S., 179°10'W.), a small islet, is lo-

Georgia Channel is about 3 miles wide, but a large reef projecting from shore 4 miles SSE of Kumbulau Point, and the coral bank with a least depth of 3.7m extending WNW from the S extremity of Rambi, reduce the width to about 0.3 mile. Caution.—This channel requires local knowledge, as S of

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Rambi the reefs are numerous and seldom break. Strong tide rips and sets may be experienced in the vicinity of the reefs at the S end of the channel.

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Vessels proceeding between Natewa Bay and Sonosono

Strait should round the N end of Texas Reef and enter Rambi Channel.

cated on the E end of a lagoon, 20 miles E of Thakau Vutho- vutho. The island has a light situated on its E side.

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Nggele Levu Lagoon, enclosed within the reef which ex-

tends 12.5 miles W of Nggelelevu, has good anchorage in all parts, in depths of 7 to 29m, sand. A shoal, with a least depth of 2.7m, has been reported to lie 2.8 miles WSW of the light on Nggelelevu.

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There are three passages into the lagoon from its W side.

Rendell Passage, the farthest S, is the easiest to find. This pass- age is at the W end of the continuously-breaking reef which forms the S side of the atoll. A sand cay, awash at HW, lies 0.5

Pub. 126

3.67

83

3.67 Kioa Island (16°39'S., 179°55'E.), 5 miles SSE of

Rambi, lies 0.6 mile off Navukana Promontory. It is wooded and 280m high near its S end.

Kioa Reefs lie about 1.5 miles SE of Kioa Island. They are a

line of sunken dangers which seldom break. West of the reefs there are many dangerous coral heads.

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Texas Reef and Florida Reefs extend S from a position 6.5

miles NNE of the N extremity of Rambi for a distance of 18 miles.

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The Florida Passages, E of Dawson Bay, separate Texas Reef

and Florida Reefs; the opening is divided by a narrow ridge of sunken coral.

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The S Florida Passage is the easier approach to Dawson Bay.

Both N and S passages have sunken rocks 0.5 mile inside them, which with ordinary precaution are easily avoided. Navigation within the lagoon is safe if there is good light and a masthead lookout kept.

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Rambi Channel, which is deep in the fairway, lies between

the above reefs and Budd Reef, about 5.5 miles E. The sea seldom breaks on Florida Reefs or Budd Reef, therefore, that great caution is necessary when passing through the channel, especially by vessels without local knowledge.

The Ringgold Isles

3.68 The Ringgold Isles (16°10'S., 179°30'W.) are a scat-

tered group of atolls and islets occupying an extensive area within a distance of 50 miles E of Undu Point.

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Tides—Currents.—Tidal currents through the Ringgold

Islands generally set N-NE and S-SE, with the S to SE set be- ing the stronger, seldom exceeding 1 knot.

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Thakau Matathuthu (16°10'S., 179°41'E.) extends 6 miles

SE from a position 15 miles E of Undu Point. The lagoon within the reef may be entered about 2 miles S of its NW extremity, and is marked by a rock awash at LW, about 0.5 mile from the S side of the entrance. The sea usually breaks, but it cannot always be relied upon. Good anchorage can be found in the lagoon, in 29m, sand, on a flat bottom.

The tidal currents off the lagoon entrance set with some strength across the axis of the channel; the SE current is the stronger.

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Cocks Shoal, 1 mile SW of the entrance to the lagoon, has a

least charted depth of 5.5m. It is usually marked by a strong tide rip and should be given a wide berth.

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Thakau Vuthovutho, 3 miles NE of Thakau Matathuthu, is

separated from that reef by Scatterbreak Channel. There is a lagoon which may be entered on its W side. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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