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Sector 3. The Fiji Islands and the Lau Group

3.47 Koro (17°19'S., 179°24'E.), an island of volcanic ori-

gin, lies 22.5 miles ENE of Makongai. Muanivanua Point, the S extremity of the island, is dominated by a hill, 372m high. Coral reefs, mostly of the fringing nature, surround the is-

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land, except for a distance of 4 miles on the SW coast. The reef extends 0.8 mile S of Muanivanua Point and 2 miles N of Nola Point, the NW extremity of the island.

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Tulane Harbor (Ndere Bay), entered 1 mile SSE of Nola

Point, is protected from all directions except from the NW. Vessels, with local knowledge, may anchor, in 26m, sand and coral. A sand cay, 0.9m high, stands on the W extremity of the reef which forms the S side of the bay.

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Smoothwater Reef is the name of the reefs N of Nola Point;

Vatulele Reefs lie 1.5 miles E. Vatumatau Bay lies between the reefs and provides anchorage, in 17 to 27m, for vessels with local knowledge. A line of sunken rocks lie in the entrance to the bay. A line of reefs extends 1 mile N from the NE extremity of

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Koro. Good anchorage may be obtained by vessels with local knowledge W of this reef.

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Nanggaindamu Harbor, located 5.5 miles S of the NE extre-

mity of Koro, provides anchorage to vessels with local know- ledge. There are several coral heads in the harbor which are not easily seen, as muddy water is discharged into the harbor from streams.

The harbor may be entered by North Passage, a long winding passage, 14.6m deep, or by South Passage, 18.3 to 49m deep. Dangerous spits extend off either horn of the entrance, and from inside the S horn a line of sunken rocks extend 0.3 mile in a NW direction.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage can be taken 0.3 to 0.5 mile SE of

the village, in 7 to 14m, or, in 22 to 37m, under the lee of the detached reef which forms the E protection of the harbor.

Vanua Levu

3.48 Vanua Levu (16°35'S., 179°20'E.), which lies with its

S extremity about 36 miles NE of the N extremity of Viti Levu, is of similar formation to that island. The highest peak is Naso- rolevu, 1,032m high, about 54 miles ENE of its W extremity. The coast is more indented than that of Viti Levu; the extreme E portion is nearly separated from the remaining part by Natewa Bay, with only a narrow isthmus connecting them. The S coast of the island has a general WSW direction be-

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tween Navukana Promontory and Solevu Point, 72 miles dis- tant. This coast is indented by two bays. The principal port in the island is contained in Savusavu Bay.

In addition to Nasorolevu there are several remarkable peaks from 610 to 914m high.

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The lofty island of Taveuni, off the SE extremity of Vanua

Levu, is seen from along the coast only in clear weather. In strong trade winds, clouds cover its summit.

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From the SE extremity of Navukana Promontory, the coast

trends in a W direction to Urambuta Point, about 21 miles dis- tant. It is indented by several bays and is fringed by reefs, with openings to the bays.

3.49 Viani Bay (16°45'S., 179°53'E.) may be entered by

Viani Pass, a break 1 mile wide in the outer reef; however, there is a coral bank, with a depth 3.7m, in the center. There is

3.52 Savusavu (Nakama) (16°46'S., 179°20'E.) (World

Port Index No. 55560), on the S bank of Nakama Creek, handles vessels loading copra. A wharf, 38m in length and with alongside depths of 5.8m, will handle vessels up to 110m in length.

Pilotage.—When heading for Savusavu, pilotage is re- quired. The request must be made at least 48 hours in advance

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Pub. 126

79

good anchorage, in 24m, sand and mud, in the N corner of the bay.

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Mbenau Islet, 15m high to the tops of the trees, lies inside

the barrier reef, 2 miles WSW of Viani Bay. About 0.1 mile NE of the islet there is a conspicuous black, rocky point.

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The coast from Mbenau Islet to Urambuta Point forms a bay

in which there are two harbors. The fringing reef extends from 0.5 to 2 miles from shore.

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Waikava Harbor (16°44'S., 179°48'E.), 5 miles NW of

Mbenau Islet, is 0.8 mile wide E-W. On the W side of the har- bor there is a small coral island. A coral reef extends 0.2 mile E of the island, and at the village, the LW of coral, mud and sand, extends 0.15 mile offshore.

The channel into Waikava Harbor has a depth of 49m be- tween the inner horns.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage may be taken, in 11 to 16m, mud,

with the center of the islet bearing 235°, distant 0.3 to 0.4 mile. 3.50 Fawn Harbor, 4.5 miles W of Waikava Harbor, is en-

tered through a passage in the fringing reef that is 160m wide and has a depth of 37m between the inner horns. Good anchor- age may be obtained, in 10 to 22m, mud, within the harbor. Urambuta Point (16°48'S., 179°34'E.) is a low, rocky point

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covered with trees. The fringing reef extends 0.3 mile from shore.

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The coast from Urambuta Point trends in a W direction 16.5

miles to Lesiatheva Point, the E entrance point to Savusavu Bay. The fringing reef lies up to 0.9 mile off this coast. Point Reef (16°50'S., 179°16'E.) extends 1.5 miles SW from

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Lesiatheva Point. A light is situated on the extremity of the reef.

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Savusavu, a conical peak 353m high, located 6.5 miles NE of

Lesiatheva Point, is the most prominent landmark along this coast.

3.51 Lesiatheva Point (16°49'S., 179°17'E.) stands out in relief and distinctly marks the entrance to the bay.

Naviavia Island, 18.3m high to the top of the trees, is located on Point Reef, 0.5 mile S of Lesiatheva Point.

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Savusavu Bay is entered between Lesiatheva Point and

Kumbulau Point, 13.5 miles SW; the bay recedes 7.5 miles. The E part of the bay is protected by the promontory running NE from Lesiatheva Point, and the W part is protected by the barrier reef. The E part of the bay is clear of dangers.

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Point Passage, the principal entrance to Savusavu Bay, is

located between Point Reef and Sybil Rocks (16°49'S., 179°15'E.), 1.5 miles NW. Sybil Rocks are not marked by breakers, and do not show clearly after rains because of the muddy discoloration of the water.

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Nakama Creek flows into the bay on the E side, 5 miles

within Point Passage. Nawi Island, on the N shore of the creek, is 39m high. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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