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Sector 2. The Line Islands, the Cook Islands, the Samoa Islands, and the Tonga Islands

Esk Shoals, 3.5 miles NE of Smith Shoals, consists of

several coral patches with depths of 3 to 5.5m. Crawshaw Shoals, with depths of 4.6m and 5.5m, lie on a coral bank which is steep-to, 4 miles E of Esk Shoals. Lualafalafa, with depths of 7.3m and 9.1m, coral and steep-to, lies 2.5 miles N of Crawshaw Shoals.

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Luahoko, 3.5 miles W of Lualafalafa, is a small islet covered

with trees 14m high. It is surrounded by a reef which extends 0.3 mile from the N side.

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Ofolanga Island (19°36'S., 174°27'W.), the N island of the

Ha’apai Group, lies 9 miles NW of Ha’ano Island. It is low and covered with trees which are 24 to 27m above the sea. The island is surrounded by a barrier reef which is 0.8 to 1 mile off all sides except the S, where it nearly joins the fringing reef. The edge of the barrier reef is steep-to and free of off-lying dangers, except off the SE corner where a shoal patch, with a depth of 7.3m, lies 0.12 mile from the reef.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage may be taken near an indentation

in the barrier reef, in 24m, sand, with SW extremity of the island bearing 001° and the SE extremity bearing 070°; the reef will be 0.2 mile distant.

2.66 Mo’unga’one Island lies 2.3 miles SW of Ofolanga

Island, with a deep channel between them. The island is flat- topped, the trees reaching a height of 30m; it has a rocky, cliffy coastline with no fringing reef except on its SE, where there is a sandy beach fringed by a reef which extends about 0.1 mile from the shore.

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Bethune Bank, with a least charted depth of 12.8m, lies 5

miles NE of Ha’ano Island. There are three extensive banks within 5 miles N of Bethune Bank, which may best be seen on the chart.

Falcon Bank (19°19'S., 174°07'W.), 22 miles NNE of Ha’ano Island, has a depth of 12.8m; less water may exist on it. Disney Reef, 2 miles NE of Falcon Bank, has a depth of

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4.6m; it breaks when there is a swell. Both Falcon Bank and Disney Reef are steep-to.

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Akkumanes Bank (19°14'S., 174°06'W.) is separated from

the bank upon which Disney Reef stands by a deep channel 1.5 miles wide. It extends 14 miles in a N direction. The depths along the SE edge of the reef are 22 to 26m. On the E, at flood current, there are tide rips and overfalls on the shallower part of the bank.

2.67 Hakaufusi (19°01'S., 174°01'W.) is a sand cay, 1.5m

high, encircled by a reef located 17 miles N of Disney Reef. There is foul ground, on which the sea usually breaks, at a distance of over 0.5 mile off the N and E sides.

Campion Breakers, 3 miles SW of Hakaufusi, always breaks; shoal water extends 2 miles W of the breakers.

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Tides—Currents.—Between Ha’apai and Vava’u, observa-

tions show during Southeast Trades that at springs the E current begins to make about 1 hour 30 minutes before HW by the shore and runs until about 4 hours after HW. The direction varies from ESE to NNE attaining its maximum velocity of 1.3 to 1.8 knots when setting NE, gradually changing its direction N. The W cur- rent begins to make 4 to 5 hours after HW, its direction ranging from NW to SW with a rate of 1.5 to 2 knots.

The tidal currents are liable to considerable variation both in velocity and direction, and also in the time for turning, and the

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Pub. 126

2.69 Fua’amotu Island (18°48'S., 174°01'W.), a wooded

island, 41m high, surrounded by a reef, lies 3.8 miles NNW of Maninita. Lua Ui Vaha is a small, wooded islet surrounded by a reef located 1.8 miles WSW of Fua’amotu. Kaihifahifa, a small islet 15m high, is located in the center of a reef 1 mile SSE of Fua’amotu.

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Foul ground with reefs which break and two small islets,

Luatafito and Fonuafuu, located on it, extends 5 miles NNE from Maninita.

foregoing can only be taken as a general guide. Sometimes the E current does not begin until nearly HW, but it seldom runs for a period longer than 4 hours after HW.

2.68 Metis Shoal (19°11'S., 174°52'W.), about 42 miles

WNW of Falcon Bank, is a small shoal with a depth of about 3.6m, which occasionally breaks. Numerous reports of vol- canic activity has been reported in the vicinity of this shoal. An islet, formed by volcanic activity, has been reported (1995) in the vicinity of the shoal.

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Home Reef, which breaks, lies about 13 miles NNE of Metis

Shoal; it has a depth of about 1.8m. Volcanic activity has been reported about 3.3 miles SE of Home Reef.

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Late Island (18°48'S., 174°39'W.), located about 12 miles

NNE of Home Reef, is about 518m high and about 3 miles in diameter. The hills slope gradually from the sea to the sy- mmetrically shaped peak. It has been reported to be visible 50 miles in clear weather.

There are no off-lying dangers, and the coast, which is cliffy, appears to be steep-to within a very short distance.

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There is a shelf running off the N side of the island, where a

vessel may anchor, in 27m, sand and stone, with the peak bearing 173° about 0.4 mile from the shore.

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A reef was reported about 42 miles W of Late Island in

position 18°46'S, 175°24'W; it has shoal water on its N and NE sides.

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Vava’u, the largest island of the Vava’u Group, is located 60

miles NNE of Ha’ano. The group consists of the large island and several smaller islets encompassing an area about 18 miles long in a NNE-SSW direction. The N side of Vava’u is high and steep-to, but S of the island there are many reefs and low islets. The depths are considerable throughout the group; the anchorages are few and indifferent.

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When approaching the group from the SW, Fatumanga,

about 10 miles SW of Vava’u, will be seen in the foreground and about 5 miles farther NNE, Fofoa, Kalau and Hunga, appearing as one island will be seen, terminating to the W in a bluff headland with a second bluff showing a short distance E. Vava’u will be seen, also terminating to the W in a bluff headland. In the SW part of Vava’u, the defined table-topped hill Mo’ungalafa shows higher than the more distant land behind. Farther to the E the land becomes fainter and lower as it recedes in the distance.

Lalalolomei Bank, with a least charted depth of 12.8m, lies 5 miles NNW of Hakaufusi.

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Maninita (18°51'S., 174°00'W.), the farthest SE of the is-

lands, is 16.7m high and lies 6 miles NNE of Lalalolomei Bank. Taula, a similar islet, lies 1 mile NW of it. Lua Loli, a coral reef, lies about 0.3 mile N of Taula, and extends about 0.5 mile in a NW direction. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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