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Sector 2. The Line Islands, the Cook Islands, the Samoa Islands, and the Tonga Islands

sea always breaks on it. A stranded wreck is charted on the reef.

2.55

The Ha’apai Group is composed of numerous coral islands

lying NNE of the Nomuka Group, and separated from that group by a deep channel about 3 miles wide. The islands are scattered over an area 40 miles in length in a NNE-SSW direction, and 22 miles in width; for the most part they lie on an irregularly shaped bank with depths less than 183m. Many of the islands and reefs rise abruptly from deep water, with depths of more than 366m around them.

2.55

Most of the islands of the group present similar features;

from a distance they appear low and flat-topped and on a nearer approach, a white sandy beach is seen encircling a densely-wooded island entirely surrounded by a reef.

2.55

reef.

2.55

The SE part of the group is faced on the E side by a barrier Anchorage.—The best anchorages of this group are off the

W side of Lifuka. Elsewhere, anchorages are few, especially in the N part of the group.

2.56 The Lulunga Group (Kotu Group), a subsidiary of the

main Ha’apai Group, comprises a cluster of small, low islands in the SW part of it.

2.56

On the S side of the Lulunga Group, the W extension of the

barrier reef is broken up in patches. Some of the patches break heavily and others have blind rollers which break occasionally. The only pass through this part of the reef that a vessel should attempt is Ava Fonuaika, lying immediately W of Fonuaika Islet. Large vessels should use the passage between Tungua and Doyland Reef, as it is wider and the tidal current is not as strong. Fonuaika Islet (20°07'S., 174°42'W.), the farthest S of the

2.56

Lulunga Group, lies about 9 miles NNE of Nomuka. It is a small, wooded islet 20m high to the tops of the trees. It is fringed by a steep-to reef which breaks heavily. A line of detached reefs extend E from the islet to the S extremity of the barrier about 15 miles distant.

2.56

A detached reef, on which the sea breaks, lies 1.5 miles W of

Fonuaika. Murray Patches consist of three detached shoals 3.3 miles WSW of the islet; the NW patch has depths of less than 1.8m.

2.56

Tokulu, a sand cay 1.5m high, about 5 miles W of Fonuaika,

lies on a detached reef whose S side is steep-to. It is the farthest SW of the Lulunga Group. A light is shown from the cay. Wickam Reef lies 1.5 miles WNW of Fonuaika. A shoal,

2.56

with a depth of less than 1.8m, lies close SE of the reef. Ava Fonuaika passes to the E of this shoal.

2.56

Ward Rock is a coral patch, with a depth of less than 1.8m,

lying nearly 2 miles N of Fonuaika; it is steep-to. 2.57 O’ua Island (20°02'S., 174°41'W.), 4.3 miles N of

Fonuaika, is densely wooded and about 43m high to the tops of the trees. It is surrounded by an extensive reef. A reef, which dries 1.5m, extends about 1 mile WSW from the island; a sand cay and two islets are located on this extension. Detached reefs lie about 1 mile W of these islets, and Nukulai Island is separa- ted from these reefs by a deep channel 0.4 mile wide. A light is situated on Nukulai Island.

2.57

Lekeleka Islet (20°04'S., 174°37'W.) lies close within the E

extremity of an extensive reef, 4 miles ESE of O’ua Island. Between Lekeleka Islet and the barrier reef E and SE there are

55

a number of reefs, the positions of which may best be seen on the chart. A reef 3 miles N of Lekeleka Islet is awash. There are several reefs charted in this area.

A reef, which breaks, is located 3.3 miles NNE of O’ua Island; it can always be distinguished.

2.57 2.57

Tungua Islet (20°01'S., 175°46'W.), 4 miles WNW of O’ua

Island, lies on the N end of a reef which extends 1.3 miles SE from it. A small, rocky islet, marked by a light, lies about 1 mile NE of Tungua Islet.

2.57

Doyland Reef, awash, lies about midway between the NW

end of Wickham Reef and the SE extremity of the reef projecting SE from Tungua Islet. The channel N of Doyland Reef is about 0.5 mile wide. There is a reef, awash, about 0.6 mile E of Doyland Reef.

2.57

Kito is a small, wooded islet lying 1.3 miles NW of Tungua

Islet. A small reef, awash, lies 1.5 miles E of Kito. Other dangers are charted ENE and SE of Kito, and a depth of 9.1m is charted 1.8 miles WSW of the islet.

2.57

Foua (20°00'S., 174°44'W.) is a small, rocky islet 9m high

located just over 1 mile NE of Tungua Islet; a light is shown on the islet.

2.58 Kotu Island (19°57'S., 174°48'W.), the farthest W of

Lulunga Group, lies 4 miles NNW of Tungua Islet. The island is densely wooded and is 37m high to the tops of the trees. The S end of the island is faced by reddish cliffs, 15m high, but the N end is low with a sandy shore.

2.58

Kotu Island is located on a reef which extends 2 miles SE of

the island. An extensive reef and foul ground extends nearly 3.3 miles ENE from the island; between the E end of this reef and the W side of the reef fronting Ha’afeva Island, there is a deep channel about 0.6 mile wide.

A reef, the westernmost danger in the group, lies 1 mile W of KotuIsland; it is about 3 miles long in a N-S direction. Putuputua, the farthest N of the Lulunga Group, a sand cay about 3.7m high, stands on a reef 3 miles NE of Kotu Island. Ha’afeva Island (19°57'S., 174°43'W.), 4.5 miles E of Kotu

2.58 2.58 2.58

Island, is the principal island of the group. It is fringed by a narrow reef, but on the E side where the village is, a boat channel leads to the beach. A barrier reef fronts the NW, N, and NE sides. The SE portion of this reef is from 0.5 to 1.5 miles from the island, the intervening space forming a small bay in which there are depths of 38 to 51m. An islet is located on the reef, 0.8 mile ESE of the E extremity of Ha’afeva Island, and a wooded islet lies 0.8 mile SE of the S extremity. A rock, 3.7m high, lies in the approach to the anchorage, 0.3 mile NE of the wooded islet.

2.58

Vessels with local knowledge may anchor off the village, in

49m, sand and coral, with the S tangent of Ha’afeva Island bearing 269° and the NE tangent bearing 356°.

2.59 Limu Islet (20°01'S., 174°27'W.), a small, wooded

cay with trees 12m high, lies on the barrier reef in the SE part of the Ha’apai Group, 9 miles ENE of Lekeleka Islet.

2.59

Ava Matamatavika is a channel through the barrier reef, 3

miles NW of Limu Islet. It is about 0.6 mile wide and has depths of 48 to 60m in the center.

2.59

There are three narrow, wooded islets from 12 to 15m high

on the barrier reef on the N side of Ava Matamatavika. Uanukuhihifu (19°58'S., 174°30'W.) is the farthest SW of

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