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Sector 2. The Line Islands, the Cook Islands, the Samoa Islands, and the Tonga Islands

dangers. With an E wind, a current sets strongly onto the is- land’s N side.

There are a number of landings on the island, but local knowledge is necessary for all.

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The island’s center is so thickly settled that the separate villages can be regarded as one. Taunganui, on the W coast, is the residence of the Resident Agent. The landing here cannot be used in NW winds and a S swell.

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A lighter harbor contained within a concrete jetty lies on the

island’s W side. This harbor requires local knowledge and is available to small craft less than 9m in length. The harbor is reportedly hazardous to enter.

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There is an aviation runway at the N extremity of the island. 2.45 Takutea (19°49'S., 158°18'W.), located 12 miles NW

of Atiu, is a small island with a white, coral sand beach pro- tected by a fringing reef. The tops of the trees are about 24m high and are visible from Atiu.

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A reef, occasionally marked by heavy breakers, extends 1.8

miles SE from the island. A shoal, with depths of 7.3 to 12.8m, extends about 0.3 mile W from the W extremity. Tide rips exist N of this shoal.

2.45

Manuae Atoll (Hervey Islands) (19°21'S., 158°56'W.)

consists of Te-Au-o-Tu, a small island on the E side of a la- goon, and Manuae, a small island on the W side of a lagoon.

A coral reef surrounds the atoll and there is no passage through the reef. There is no safe anchorage, but with offshore or light winds, temporary anchorage can be found off the NW side of Manuae, in 16 to 22m, about 0.1 mile off the reef.

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Aitutaki (18°54'S., 159°46'W.), the farthest NW of the

Lower Cook Islands, lies about 51 miles WNW of Manuae Atoll. The island, about 4 miles long in a N-S direction, is located at the N end of a reef which is a fringing reef on its N extremity, but becomes a barrier reef farther S. A number of small islets, from 6 to 18m high and covered with trees, stand on the barrier reef; also, some low cays on the E side of the reef break heavily.

Aitutaki rises to a height of 119m in the N part. A light is situated on this peak.

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There are some conspicuous rocks, 11.6m high, off a point

on the W coast about 2 miles SSW of the N extremity of the island. A house with a conspicuous silver-grey roof stands near the coast, about 0.4 mile SSE of the conspicuous rocks, and 0.6 mile SSW of the house there is a church with a conspicuous red roof.

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Motikitiu, a small islet, is located near the SE extremity of

the barrier reef 4 miles SE of Aitutaki; Maina, a small islet, is located near the W extremity of the reef, 5.5 miles WNW of Motikitiu.

2.46 Arutunga (18°53'S., 159°47'W.) (World Port Index

No. 55730) is a reef port with a boat passage through the reef which has a depth of 1.8m at HW. In 1972, a depth of 1.5m could be carried to the pier. Strong currents occur in the boat passage, for which pilotage is recommended. Range lights, in line bearing 145.5°, are shown from the port. The Resident Agent is stationed at Aratunga.

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A vessel can anchor off the boat passage, in 33m, coral sand, about 0.8 mile NW of the root of the pier.

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Palmerston Atoll

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The inhabitants state that heavy gales occur every year,

usually in January and February, blowing from the NE and E, and lasting 24 to 36 hours, the wind remaining in that quarter. During good weather, anchorage can be obtained, in 10 to

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30m, coral, about 0.2 mile from the reef, on a prolongation of the W point of the reef extending from the W islet. It is imprac- tical for large vessels to anchor. The atoll is dangerous to ap- proach at night.

The Tonga Islands

2.47 The Tonga Islands are a widely scattered group of

islands lying between 18°01'S and 21°28'S, and 173°54'W and 175°25'W. They consist of over 100 islands and islets, which are divided into three main groups, namely Tongatapu, Ha’apai, and Vava’u. Between Tongatapu and Ha’apai are the subsidiary groups of Nomuka, Otu Tolu, and Lulunga (Kotu). Volcanic activity occurs occasionally in areas N and S of the Tonga Islands, which may best be seen on the chart.

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Winds—Weather.—In early winter the trade wind blows

mainly from the ESE becoming SE in July. In the N at Vava’u, strong winds blow mainly from between the ESE and SSE, and are said to last about 3 days; they are generally accompanied by rain squalls. In summer, strong winds occasionally blow from the NW with thick rainy weather, but the wind does not usually remain in this quarter longer than 12 hours. It is re-

Pub. 126

Courtesy of Ewan Smith

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51

In 1988, it was reported that the anchorage area was small,

difficult to locate, and very close to shoal water. Also, the an- chorage appeared to be unsafe with a W wind.

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Palmerston Atoll (18°04'S., 163°10'W.) lies about 200

miles WNW of Aitutaki. They belong to the Northern Cook Islands and are administered from Rarotonga.

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The atoll consists of six sandy islets on a coral reef and en-

closes a lagoon. The islets are covered with coconut palms, with the exception of some low cays on the NE part of the reef. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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