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Sector 2. The Line Islands, the Cook Islands, the Samoa Islands, and the Tonga Islands

A bank, with a depth of 14.6m, lies 2.5 miles NNE of the W entrance point of Uafato Bay.

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Fagaloa Bay (13°55'S., 171°32'W.), 2.5 miles NW of Uafa-

to Bay, is 1 mile wide at its entrance and recedes 2.5 miles in a SW direction. The bay is fringed with reefs; those on the S side extend up to 0.3 offshore, and have shoals which lie off the reefs. The reefs on the N shore extend up to 0.2 mile offshore. The SE trade winds prevailing in Fagaloa Bay from April to

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October draws into the bay as a NE wind. The W winds gen- erally felt at the anchorage as coming from WSW to SSW. There are general depths in the bay from 18 to 70m. The 20m curve lies about 0.5 mile from the head of the bay. Anchorage.—Anchorage may be taken, in 27m, 0.7 mile

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from the head of the bay. A 14.6m patch lies close S of the anchorage.

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Fagaloa Bay may be approached from the N and when

Spitzer Mountain, about 12 miles from the E end of the island, bears 244°, stand in on that bearing.

A waterfall on the S side of the bay is conspicuous and Fao Peak on the N side is unmistakable.

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From Fagaloa Bay the coast continues NW 3.5 miles to Mantantu Point, then W 2 miles to Saluafata Harbor.

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A reef extends up to 0.8 mile seaward between Mantantu

Point and Saluafata Harbor. 2.30 Saluafata Harbor (13°52'S., 171°37'W.), a natural

harbor, is protected from the swell by coral reefs. The W side of the bay is encumbered by reefs which partly dry and extend 0.7 mile offshore. Casino Islet lies on this reef, 0.4 mile offshore; this islet is sometimes covered, even 2 hours before HW, and frequently shifts its position. Saluafata Bank, with a least depth of 3.7m, lies about 0.8 mile N of the E entrance point. With a NE swell the sea breaks on this bank.

Ariadne Point is located on the SE side of Saluafata Harbor; a conspicuous beacon marks the point.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage, in a depth of 14m, sand, can be

taken with Ariadne Point bearing 170° at 0.4 mile distant. The anchorage may be approached with the beacon on Ariadne Point in line with a rear beacon, and the summit of Leading Peak bearing 175°. This range leads close to the reef on the W side of the harbor.

2.31 Vailele Bay (13°50'S., 171°43'W.), about 5 miles W

of Saluafata Harbor, is divided into two parts by a detached reef which dries in places. In the W part of the bay is the settlement of Letogo.

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A shoal, with a least depth of 2.7m, lies 0.2 mile NW of the

N end of the detached reef above. The anchorage NE of Letogo is approached between the reef and the shoal on a course of 239°. Vessels anchor, in 11 to 12m, about 0.3 mile offshore. Nuu (13°48'S., 171°39'W.), with a depth of 18m, lies 5 miles

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NE of Letogo. Depths of 20 and 22m are charted 1.3 and 2.5 miles NW and WNW, respectively, from Nuu.

Matautu Point (13°49'S., 171°45'W.), 3 miles NW of Letogo, is the E entrance point to Apia Harbor.

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Muaavasa, a bank with a depth of 13m, lies 2 miles NE of

Matautu Point; the bank breaks occasionally. Toatuga, with a least depth of 12m, lies on the entrance range line 3.5 miles NNE of Matautu Point.

Pub. 126

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East Reef extends 0.4 mile N from Matautu Point, and West

Reef lies on the W side of Apia Harbor and extends 0.6 mile E, and nearly 1 mile N from the Mulinuu Peninsula. The penin- sula projects 1 mile NW from Apia.

Apia Harbor (13°39'S., 171°46'W.)

World Port Index No. 55670

2.32 Apia Harbor is an inlet in the coastal reef entered between East Reef and West Reef; it is open to the North. Apia is the capital and principal town in Western Samoa; it is a port of entry.

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Winds—Weather.—During the months of May to October,

at irregular intervals, there is a day of short squalls and rain instead of the steady trade winds. The squalls may be of force 6 or 7 for a short period, but are not dangerous. The typhoon season is November to March.

Tides—Currents.—The mean tidal rise here is 0.8m, while the spring rise is 1m.

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The current across the harbor entrance, about 0.3 mile off the

reef, is variable and frequently sets against the wind and tide. It is predominantly W and attains rates of 4 to 5 knots during the rainy season. In this season, November to February, the rivers which discharge into the harbor frequently cause 2 knots W set at the anchorage.

A vessel entering the harbor in February reported that a 1m swell in the harbor entrance was the dominating concern. Depths—Limitations.—Depths on the range line vary from

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49m at the seaward end, to 16m just NE of the tanker berth. Within the harbor, depths range from 4.8 to 12.8m, but a reef fringes the entire harbor and may best be seen on the appro- priate chart.

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Main Wharf is 184m long, with a depth of 9m alongside; the

inner berth, on the inside face of the wharf, is 80m long, with a depth of 4.5m alongside. Caution is advised when using this inner berth, as a coral rock with a depth of 1.2m lies about 68m SE of the wharf’s SE end. The maximum allowable draft at the main wharf at Apia is 9m.

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An inter-island ferry terminal, with alongside depths of 3 to

4m, is situated close E of main wharf. Wooden dolphins have been set out at this berth to keep vessels off the harbor bulk- head.

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An offshore oil berth, connected to a submarine pipeline and

centered within a Prohibited Anchorage Area, lies in a charted depth of 12.1m on the W side of the harbor. This multi-point mooring will accommodate tankers up to 30,000 dwt, with a maximum draft of 12.8m.

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Aspect.—A conspicuous object when approaching Apia is

the small tide gauge on West Reef. The twin towers of the catholic cathedral, and the single tower of the church are conspicuous. A conspicuous radio mast stands 0.5 mile SSE of the front range light. Two groups of oil tanks stand on the Mulinuu Peninsula. Caution should be exercised when using these marks as a vessel has reported that the tide gauge is missing and the radio mast could not be located.

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Pilotage.—Pilotage is compulsory; the pilot boards about 2

miles outside the harbor on the range line. The port is open at night for arrivals or departures, but arrivals are preferred in Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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