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Sector 2. The Line Islands, the Cook Islands, the Samoa Islands, and the Tonga Islands

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U. S. Coast Guard Liaison Office, American Samoa P.O. Box 249

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Pago Pago, American Samoa

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Signals.—Pago Pago Harbor Control and the harbormaster

may be contacted on VHF channel 16. Pago Pago Harbor Con- trol also monitors 2182 kHz.

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Anchorage.—There is good anchorage in the inner harbor,

in 11 to 46m, mud and sand. The best anchorage for large ves- sels is in midstream off the main dock. Vessels of 1,000 grt and up should not anchor in less than 29m, as the harbor becomes narrow and there is no room to swing.

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Directions.—Vessels approaching from the E should pass

about 1.5 miles E and 1 mile SE of Aunuu Island. Then a course of 256° should be steered until Breakers Point Light bears about 025°. Then alter course to the N to pass W of Taema Bank. When clear of the bank, steer a NE course to intersect the entrance range. Then steer 342° and enter the harbor on the range. This range line passes E of Whale Rock, which has a depth of 3.7m.

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Caution.—Vessels from the W or S, and deep-draft vessels,

should keep outside the 200m curve until reaching position 14°21'S, 170°41.5'W. From this position steer 026° to clear the W end of Taema Bank, then proceed as directed above.

2.26 From Pago Pago Harbor, the shore trends SW 6.8

miles to Steps Point (14°23'S., 170°46'W.); about midway on this stretch of shore, near the airport, the reef extends about 0.3 mile offshore. The sea breaks continuously on this reef.

An area W of Stepps Point, including Fagatele Bay, has been declared a National Marine Sanctuary. See the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 15, Part 941, as well as U.S. Coast Pilot 7 for further details.

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The shore from Steps Point to Papualoa Point, about 2 miles

NW, is formed partly by perpendicular rocks and partly by blocks of lava, which extend some distance seaward and upon which the sea breaks.

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Leone Bay is entered between Papualoa Point and Fagaone

Point, about 2.5 miles NW, and is open to the SSW. There is anchorage W of the village of Leone, in 29 to 37m, but it is dangerous when winds are from the S or SSW.

2.27 Cape Taputapu (14°19'S., 170°51'W.), the W

extremity of Tutuila, lies 1.5 miles WNW of Fagaone Point. It is a mass of high, steep rocks, fronted by some rocky islets. Taputapu Island lies on the reef close SW of Cape Taputapu. The following banks, with the indicated least depths, lie in the approach to Cape Taputapu: a. 26m—3.3 miles SE. b. 20m—2.3 miles SSE. c. 27m—3.8 miles SW. d. 33m—3.5 miles W.

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The N coast of Tutuila is described from the E to W.

From Cape Matatula to Pola Island, 6.5 miles W, the coast is indented by numerous bays. The coast then trends WSW 11 miles to Cape Taputapu. This coast is also indented with bays. Aoa Bay (14°15'S., 170°35'W.), entered about 1.5 miles

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WSW of Cape Matatula, affords anchorage, in 31m, midway between the entrance points.

Masefau Bay, entered W of Tiapea Point, 1.5 miles W of Aoa Bay, affords anchorage, in 31m. The surrounding reefs

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45

and Nuusetoga Island, off the W entrance point, narrow the anchorage.

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Afono Bay, 1.5 miles W of Nuusetoga Island, is said to

provide good anchorage, in 26m, coral, except in N winds. 2.28 Pola Island (14°14'S., 170°40'W.), 1.5 miles NW of

Afono Bay, is located off the N extremity of Tutuila. Cocks- comb Point, the N extremity of Pola Island is formed by a ridge of rocks, which are high, indented, and steep.

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A depth of 24m is charted just over 1 mile ENE of Cocks-

comb Point; a 27m depth is charted about 1.5 miles W of the same point.

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Fagasa Bay lies about 4 miles SW from the N extremity of

Tutuila. Anchorage, protected from the trades, may be taken, in 24m, between the E and W points of the bay.

Between Fagasa Bay and Aoloau Bay, 3 miles WSW, there are two small bays backed by mountains.

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Aoloau Bay affords good anchorage, in 27m, midway be-

tween the heads, but vessels should be prepared to leave on short notice when the winds shift to the N. Aoloau Bay is small and surrounded by high mountains.

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A 22m depth is charted 1.5 miles NNW of Aoloau Bay.

Similar depths are charted to a distance of 4.8 miles W of the 22m depth above.

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Poloa Bay (14°19'S., 170°50'W.), 4 miles SW of Aoloau

Bay, affords good anchorage during E winds, in 31m, midway between the entrance points. Vessels should be prepared to leave on short notice when the wind shifts to the W.

In this bay there is a 1 to 4 knot current that runs in a SW direction. Cape Taputapu is located close SW of Poloa Bay.

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Upolu Island

2.29 Upolu Island (13°54'S., 171°44'W.), in Western

Samoa, lies about 38 miles WNW of Tutuila Island. The island is about 39 miles long in an E-W direction and 13 miles wide. A range of mountains consisting of a series of extinct vol- canoes traverse the length of the island, lying nearer the S coast and sloping more steeply on the S side than on the N. The E part is more mountainous. The island rises to a height of 1,100m in Mount Fito, near the center of the island.

The shores of the island are fringed with a coral reef, which in places is intersected by channels, forming convenient harbors. Apia, on the N coast, is the principal town on the island, and the official port of entry for Western Samoa.

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Cape Tapaga (Point) (14°01'S., 171°23'W.), the SE extrem-

ity of the island, is reef-fringed. This reef curves N around the small islands of Namua and Fanuatapu, located 1.5 miles and 2.8 miles NE, respectively, from Cape Tapaga. The reef ex- tends offshore to the W side of Fanuatapu, 1.5 miles distant. Depths of 4.9m are charted 1.5 miles and 1.6 miles NE of

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Cape Tapaga, and a depth of 1.2m is charted 1.8 miles NE of the cape.

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Samusu Point (13°59'S., 171°26'W.), 3.8 miles N of Cape

Tapaga, is precipitous. A patch, with a depth of 11.9m, lies 1.5 miles E of the point.

Uafato Bay, about 5 miles NW of Samusu Point, affords an- chorage to vessels with local knowledge on its W side, in a depth of about 29m. Care should be taken to avoid a coral spur extending NE from the head of the bay.

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