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Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

vessels. A dolphin to the SW of its W end facilitates mooring. A slipway is situated at its E end.

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Vessels without local knowledge wishing to enter should

obtain a pilot, who can be summoned by displaying a large French ensign at the masthead; local inhabitants offer their services, but little confidence should be placed in them. A sharp lookout from the masthead is necessary when en- tering to avoid the numerous shoal heads.

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Passe Teavarua lies about 0.5 mile E of Passe Mahanatoa

should not be used since the beacons are removed. A vessel too deep in draft for the entrance can anchor outside the reef, off the NW and SE coasts of the island. The tidal currents of the N end of the island set to the E on the flood and to the W on the ebb, and are strong enough to swing a ship in a stiff breeze. The village of Vaiuru lies on the S coast of Raivavae. An

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aviation runway lies on a stretch of level ground to the SW of Vaiuru.

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Caution.—Discolored water has been reported to lie 5 miles

NE of the island.

1.100 President Thiers Seamount (President Thiers Bank)

(24°40'S., 145°55'W.) has a least charted depth of 19m. The seamount is about 6 miles long and lies in a NNW and SSE direction, with discolored water extending some distance from it.

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Ile Tubuai (Tubuai) (23°22'S., 149°26'W.) is about 5 miles

long E-W and about 3 miles wide. Mont Taita, 422m high, the highest point, is located in the E part of the island, and Hanareho, 325m high, rises in the SW part. These two peaks are joined by low land, and when seen from the N or S, the island appears as two separate islands. There are a number of other peaks which are of considerable elevation.

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A barrier reef, partly submerged, surrounds the island; there

is an opening on the NW side, about 1.5 miles wide. Two passes lead through this gap, the E of which has a least depth of 4m. Range beacons, in line, lead through the pass.

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Pilotage is available and essential for the lagoon. Arrange-

ments for pilotage may be made via radio. The pilot boards off the pass.

The village of Mataura, which may be reached by vessels drawing less than 3.7m, lies on the N shore of the island. Deep-draft vessels may anchor outside the barrier reef, on

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the range line marking the E channel mentioned above, in a depth of 15m, broken coral, poor holding ground. This anchor- age is reportedly usable only in offshore winds.

Anchorage is also possible 1 mile NNW of the wharf at Mataura Harbor by vessels with drafts of less than 3.7m in 6m of water, sand bottom and mediocre holding ground. It was reported (2002) that the wharf had been destroyed.

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Mont Bouchard (25°31.0'S., 150°30'W.), a submerged sea-

mount with a least depth of 197m, lies approximately 130 miles S of Tubuai.

1.101 Rurutu (22°29'S., 151°20'W.) is volcanic in appear-

ance; however, the low-lying parts of the island is wooded. There is no barrier surrounding this island, which is about 5.5 miles long N-S; the width of the island averages 2 miles. Baie de Moreai is on the NE and Baie D’Vaera on the SW coast and the reef fringing the coast around the island is 0.1 to 0.2 mile

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thick. On the NW part of the island, Mount Taatioe (22°27.8'S., 151°22.2'W.) rises to a height of 389m.

The village of Moerai is situated on the NE coast facing Port de Moerai (22°27.0'S., 151°20.5'W.).

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The village of Hauti, 2 miles SSE of Moerai has a red roof

temple that can be clearly seen. Two windmills stand on the heights to the W of the village.

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The village of Avera is situated on the SW coast at the head

of Avera Bay which is backed by high vertical cliffs. A red- roofed temple is conspicuous.

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Because of the steep incline of the bottom and its exposure to

the swell from the W, it is not advised to anchor in Avera Bay even though it is sheltered from E winds.

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In the approaches from N, the aeronautical radiobeacon at

the airstrip, in position 22°26.1'S, 151°22.2'W, appears first over the horizon.

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There is an anchorage in Baie Moerai, off the village, in a

depth of 35m, with the belfry of the temple bearing 237° and the flagstaff bearing 158°. It has been reported (2002) that the temple is masked by vegetation and is difficult to see.

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The port is entered through a 25m wide channel only suit-

able for boats up to 50 tons with a draft of 3.5m in good weather and with the absence of a SE swell. The entrance to the port is in alignment with two lighted beacons, painted red and white stripes, 0.1 mile apart on bearing 255.8° situated 0.1 mile N of the temple. The port has a quay in a SW direction and boats with 2.6m draft usually berth port side-to.

The access to the port becomes impossible when there is a strong sea or swell, causing a strong backwash.

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Moses Reef (22°47'S., 151°13'W.), position doubtful, lies 17

miles SSE of Rurutu; it has a least known depth of 2.7m. 1.102 Rimatara (22°39'S., 152°48'W.), a densely-wooded

small island about 2 miles in diameter and 83m high at the summit of Uahu, lies about 80 miles WSW of Rurutu. On the N side, a 460m wide coral reef fringes close to the island; a 650m wide coral reef fringes the S side.

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There are three small passes on the N, NE, and the NW side

of the island. Passage through them by small boats and landing is possible, but only in good weather.

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Passe Oatahuna (22°38.2'S., 152°47.5'W.), the western-

most of the three passages, is mainly used as it gives access to a jetty at HW. A house, 50m away from the jetty, is conspicuous. Amura (22°38.8'S., 152°49'W.) is the largest of the three

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villages on the island, where a cemetery is distinctly notice- able. Anapoto (22°38.7'S., 152°49'W.) is a village on the NW side, where a temple partly covered by trees is usually identi- fied by canoes drawn upon the beach, is a landmark. In good weather, vessels anchor on the lee side of the island, sand and coral, 0.3 to 0.4 mile WNW of the temple, in 30 to 40m. Vessels usually anchor off Amaru, in a depth of 30m, with

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Point Teruahu (22°38.4'S., 152°47.4'W.), a round shape on the NE side of the island, bearing 330° and 0.2 mile NE of the cemetery. Boats approach the island in fine weather; landing may only be possible on the lee sides.

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Ile Maria (21°50'S., 154°42'W.) is a group of four small is-

lands surrounded by a triangular-shaped coral reef whose sides are about 2 miles in extent. The reef surrounding the islands appears to have no opening, and within the reef the water is shallow.

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