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Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

The barrier, interrupted by passes, continues W, about 0.5 mile offshore.

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Baie de Tautira opens to the N, affording protection from

winds NE through E and S to WNW, but is dangerous with those from the N to NW. The best anchorage is about 0.2 mile from shore, in 15m, sand, with the extremity of Point Tautira bearing 045°.

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Port de Pihaa, a deep basin within the barrier reef, extends

from Pointe Mataiva at the W end of Baie de Tautira to Pointe Pihaa, 1.5 miles WNW. It is entered from the E end from Baie de Tautira. A 4m patch lies in the fairway of the approach, 135m outside the entrance. The entrance from the W end is about 45m wide between the fringing reefs N of Pointe Pihaa. Neither entrance should be attempted without local knowledge. Anchorage in the W part of Port de Pihaa is good. Anchor

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between 0.3 and 0.6 mile ESE of Pointe Piha, in depths of 29 to 35m, sand and mud.

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Passe de Taharoa, a break in the barrier reef about 0.4 mile

wide, is located close W of Port de Pihaa. It leads into Baie de Taharoa, which lies between Pointe Pihaa and Pointe Vaiturutu, about 1 mile WNW. Banc Toataa, just within the entrance, has a least depth of 1.6m.

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To enter, a vessel should steer for a waterfall located in a

valley 0.5 mile S of Pointe Pihaa, bearing 162°. This course leads E of Banc Toataa. Only vessels with local knowledge should enter this pass.

1.70 Port de Pueu (17°43'S., 149°13'W.), a small basin,

lies within the barrier reef, W of Pointe Vaiturutu. It may be entered at its E end from Baie de Taharoa, through a channel marked by beacons, or from the W by an inner channel leading from Passe de Tiitau. Neither of these entrances should be attempted without local knowledge.

Port de Pueu is only 0.3 mile in extent, but affords anchor- age, in 31 to 42m, sand and mud.

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Passe de Tiitau, is the channel between the W end of the

barrier and Banc Toapu (17°43'S., 149°14'W.); the pass is about 0.2 mile wide.

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From Pointe Tiitau the coast trends W for about 3 miles to

Isthme de Taravao and from there it turns N to Passe de la Boudeuse (Boudeuse Pass), 7 miles distant.

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The mountains, which are high and steep behind Port de

Pueu, descend gradually toward the isthmus. The seaward side of the mountains are, in general, perpendicular cliffs.

On the highest point of the isthmus, and visible from the sea to the E, stands Fort de Taravao.

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Northward of the isthmus, the densely wooded mountains

form the coastline, broken only by numerous ravines and valleys.

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From Banc Toapu, the greater part of the barrier reef is

submerged, but forms a long chain of shoals trending W to Passe de Papeiri, about 3 miles distant. The width of the reef is not more than 0.1 mile, and the depth varies from 1 to 10m, though in some places the coral is awash.

1.71 Baie de Taravao (17°43'S., 149°16'W.), within the

barrier reef, is more than 3 miles long and 1 mile wide. The bay is entered from the E by Passe de Tiitau. It may also be entered through Passe de Motu Nono, Passe de Taravao, and Passe de

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Papeiri. The general depths in the bay are 34 to 50m; it shoals near the shore, and has a mud bottom.

A wooded islet, Motu Nono, lies inside the barrier reef. It is surrounded by a shoal extending 0.1 mile from its beach. An isolated patch, with a depth of 2m, lies 0.4 mile E of the islet, and two isolated patches lie WNW of the islet, one 4m depth at 0.2 mile distant, and another 5m depth lies 0.85 mile distant. Passe de Motu Nono, a depression in the line of reefs with

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depths of 7 to 10m, may be entered by small vessels with the center of Motu Nono bearing 203°. When clear of the line of breakers, alter course to clear Motu Nono and its fringing shoal.

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Passe de Taravao may be entered where the depth is 8.6m on

the reef by steering for Fort de Taravao on course 245°; to clear a 4m depth, alter course S after crossing the line of breakers. Passe de Papeiri, 0.5 mile NW of Passe de Taravao, is about

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0.2 mile wide, with a least depth of 11m. Range lights lead through the pass.

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knowledge.

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None of these passes should be entered without local From Passe de Papeiri the barrier reef, which is awash,

extends N about 1.3 miles to Passe de Vaihi, at a distance of about 0.4 mile offshore; the deep basin formed inside the reef is known as Port de Vaitoare. Recif Paratahi (17°40'S., 149°17'W.) is about 0.3 mile long N-S, and about 0.2 mile wide.

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Port de Vaitoare affords good anchorage throughout, in 35 to

50m, mud, good holding ground. A good berth is about 0.2 mile offshore, opposite the village of Vaitoare.

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Port de Vaitoare may be entered from the S through Passe de

Papeiri, or from the N through Passe de Vaihi, or Passe de Faone. Passe de Vaihi is deep, but is only 90m wide between the spits extending from the reefs on either side.

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Passe de Faone lies N of Recif Paratahi and is about 0.5 mile

wide. Within its entrance the pass is divided into two channels by a projection of the coastal reef extending about 0.15 mile E of Pointe Poihahi (Teruafaroa); the N channel leads into Mouillage de Faone and the S into Port de Vaitoare. There is an isolated depth of 5.9m in the N part of Passe de Faone, and an isolated 1m depth about 0.16 mile offshore E of the church at Faone. The best anchorage in Mouillage de Faone is in 26m, with the church in Faone bearing 215°, distant 0.3 mile. The coast between Faone (17°40'S., 149°18'W.) and Hitiaa,

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4 miles to the N, is steep, broken by numerous valleys, and in some places towers over the sea.

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The barrier reef on this coast trends N for about 0.8 mile

until off the village of Otuofair, the reef recommences off the village Faatautia, 1.3 miles N, and continues to Hitiaa. Porte de Temato, located inside the barrier reef between

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Faatautia and Hitiaa, is a deep channel about 2 miles long and 0.2 mile wide, gradually narrowing near the N end. Anchorage can be obtained in the middle of the port, in 40m, mud. From Hitiaa, the coast trends NNW for about 1 mile to

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Pointe Mataorio, which is low and wooded. Baie de Taipahia is formed N of Pointe Mataorio, and from this bay the coast curves NW about 1 mile to Pointe Putaiamo.

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The barrier reef NW of Hitiaa is broken by a pass about 0.4

mile wide. An islet is located on the barrier reef on the N side of the pass, another islet is located on the end of the reef, 0.4 mile N. The barrier reef submerges for 0.5 mile, forming a

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