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Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

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Baie de Punaauia (Punaavia), close N of Pointe Punaauia, is

a small bight in the barrier reef, about 0.7 mile wide. It is open, and the heavy SW swell rolling in on the gravel and sand beach of the bay nearly always renders landing both difficult and dangerous.

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Baie de Punaauia connects Chenal de Faaa in the N and

Passe de Taapuna in the S. The navigable channel through the lagoon is marked by beacons and lighted beacons (port and starboard hand). It is narrow and torturous in places, and has a least depth of 12m at the S end. The channel is accessible to large vessels, but local knowledge is essential. A prohibited zone on the W side of the channel (17°34.0'S., 149°37.6'W.) is marked by yellow beacons.

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Paea is a village 4 miles S of Pointe Punaauia. Boats may

pass inside the reef between the point and the village. Paea may be easily identified by Vallee Orofere (Orofere Valley), which appears to extend to the center of the island.

1.64 Pointe Maraa (17°44'S., 149°34'W.), the SW ex-

tremity of Tahiti, lies 3 miles S of Paea. The barrier reef lies 0.6 mile off the point. Pointe Maraa is low, wooded, and projects 0.1 mile from the foot of the mountains. It may easily be recognized from seaward by the sudden turn in the direction of the coast from the S to the E.

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Passe de Maraa (Maraa Pass), S of Pointe Maraa, is about

0.1 mile wide and open to the SW. At the entrance the points of the reef on each side extend nearly 0.1 mile seaward of the breakers.

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Tides—Currents.—The current in the pass nearly always

sets W. In the winter season, when a heavy SW swell is com- mon, the current attains a rate of 4 to 5 knots, and on meeting the sea, causes it to break across the entrance, making the pass impracticable. The pass should not be attempted without local knowledge.

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Anchorage.—There is anchorage in Baie de Maraa, within

the pass, in a depth of 20m, sand, with Pointe Maraa bearing 281°, distant 0.3 mile.

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From Pointe Maraa the coast trends 6 miles ESE to Ma-

haiatea (Mahaitea Point). The appearance of the coast changes, and the mountain slopes are wooded down to their feet. About 2.5 miles E of Pointe Maraa the mountains recede, leaving a plain 0.5 mile broad and 5 miles long.

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From Pointe Maraa the barrier reef extends 3.5 miles E,

about 0.8 mile from the shore; inside the reef are a series of large basins strewn with coral patches, with deep water be- tween them.

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Passe de Topiro (Topiro Pass) and Avaiti (West Avaiti), 1.3

miles ESE and 3.5 miles ESE, respectively, of Passe de Maraa, are passes that are suitable for boats only in calm weather. Baie Popote (Popote Bay) is formed by a break in the barrier

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reef close W of Mahaiatea. The entrance is restricted to about 0.3 mile by some banks extending NW from the reef on the E side. The depth inside does not exceed 20m, but it is too exposed to the SE swell to be a safe anchorage.

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From Mahaiatea to Pointe Oneroa, 7.8 miles E, the coast is

indented with several coves. The barrier reef lies up to 1.5 miles offshore, and is breached by several passes.

Passe Teavaraa, 0.5 mile SE of Mahaiatea, is wide but has only 4m of water; the sea almost always breaks across it. The

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23

pass is dangerous, but it can sometimes be used by small vessels with local knowledge.

1.65 Passe Aifa (17°47'S., 149°25'W.), 3 miles E of Passe

Teavaraa, leads directly into Baie d’Aifa. The pass is about 0.2 mile wide, but the deep channel between a bar on the W side and a reef on the E side is only 45m wide. Passe Aifa is easy to navigate in good weather, but is dangerous when the S swell is heavy; in these conditions the outgoing current sets strongly onto the bar.

At each end of Baie d’Aifa are good anchorages, but local knowledge is necessary.

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Passe Rautirare, 1.3 miles E of Passe Aifa, is a deep pass

270m wide, open to the S. Bassin de Papeuriri (Papeuriri Bay), within Passe Rautirare, is about 0.4 mile in diameter. The bay is free of dangers and the depth varies from 14 to 25m. Depths of less than 9m extend 130m from shore. Pururu is situated on the reef on the E side of the bay.

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The coast opposite Pururu bends 0.5 mile N, and then trends

irregularly E for 3 miles to Pointe Oneroa. The mountains, wooded to the base, are cut by a series of gorges, parallel with one another, from which several rivers flow.

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Passe Temarauri, which leads to Port Papeari (Papeari

Harbor), lies 2.5 miles E of Pururu. The pass is about 0.4 mile long and 130m wide. The E reef extends SSW in front of the pass and forms a bar which is generally unwise to cross. A small reef, awash, lies about 0.3 mile inside the entrance. When entering this pass, care must be exercised to guard against the current which sets on the W side.

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Anchorage.—Port Papeari affords anchorage off the mouth

of a small rivulet, in depths of 25 to 29m, mud, about 0.3 mile from shore.

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Anchorage may be obtained anywhere in the bay; however, a

vessel would not be sheltered from strong winds and a heavy sea from the S.

1.66 Port Phaeton (17°43'S., 149°19'W.) lies at the N end

of an inlet NNE of Pointe Oneroa. The shores of the inlet are indented by several small bays which are blocked by coral. On the W side, the mountains approach the shore and fall

abruptly to the Isthme de Taravao, NE of the inlet. On the E side of the inlet the shore is low and wooded, and the land rises in gentle and uniform slopes to the high, rugged mountains in the central and S parts of Presqu’ile de Taiarapu (Taiarapu Peninsula). From Anse Mitirapa S, the hills approach the shore.

The entrance to Port Phaeton, located 1.5 miles E of Passe Temarauri, is divided into two channels by Recif Matuu. Passe de Teputo (Teputo Pass), S of Recif Matuu, is more

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direct. It is deep and clear of dangers, but the pass narrows to 120m, and when clear of Recif Matuu, vessels are required to make a sharp turn; therefore, a vessel using this pass should have a smooth sea and the reefs should be visible.

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Passe Matuu, W of Recif Matuu, is encumbered by reefs in

its W part; the largest one lies in the center of the pass. Between this latter reef and Recif Matuu, the pass is deep and about 90m wide, but it has a sharp elbow and is not marked; it should only be used in case of absolute necessity.

Passe Tapuaeraha (17°47'S., 149°18'W.) is the only pass large vessels should use in the approach to Port Phaeton. The

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