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Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

Watom Island, separated from the coastal dangers by a wide

and deep channel, is deeply furrowed and covered with vegeta- tion. The bare rock showing through gives a many-tinted ap- pearance to the island. A narrow fringing reef extends from the W side of the island.

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The passage between Watom Island and New Britain is clear

of dangers, except for Kambawel and Tomatikotop Reefs. Ves- sels using this passage are recommended to keep close to Wa- tom Island, which is clear of off-lying reefs.

Kambawel Reef, awash, is about 1 mile offshore and about 5 miles E of Cape Liguan.

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Tomatikotop Reef, which has a depth of 0.3m, lies close

offshore, about 3 miles SSW of Cape Tawui. 9.66 Talili Bay (4°12'S., 152°08'E.) indents the coast be-

tween Kambakunda Point and Tomatikotop Reef, about 3 miles NE. The point, which is 7.5 miles E of Cape Liguan, is bluff and has the village of Kambakunda standing on it. There is a mission house at the village. A white cliff is about 0.3 mile S of the village.

There are patches of fringing reef around the shores of the bay. The 5.5m curve is from 137 to 548m offshore.

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An SPM berth situated in Talili Bay can accommodate tankers up to 183m long, with a draft of 12.8m.

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Anchorage.—Talili Bay is not recommended, except as a temporary anchorage, because the shore bank is steep and the bay is open to the N.

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Anchorage is reported to be available, in 9m, W of Kamba- kunda Point, with the E end of Watom Island bearing 006°. Anchorage can be taken, in 24m, on the W of the head of the

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bay.

Anchorage can be taken off Kurakakaul trading station, about 1.5 miles ESE of Kambakunda village.

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Anchorage can be taken off the E shore with Ratawul Beach,

3.5 miles S of Cape Tawui, bearing 164°, 548m distant, in 18.3 to 22m, sand.

The Admiralty Islands and the Ninigo Islands

9.67 The Admiralty Islands consist of one large island and

numerous smaller ones. Manus Island, the largest of the group, is densely wooded and hilly throughout. The saw-toothed mountains rise to a height of about 718m near their middle part and slope steeply, particularly to the N and South. A steep conical mountain is near the E end of the island. The sandy shores of the island are backed by narrow coastal strips of low and undulating ground.

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A group of islands, of which Los Negros Island is the prin-

cipal one, are off the NE end of Manus Island. Los Negros Island is low and has sandy shores. Coconut plantations are found along the coasts of both islands.

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Seeadler Harbor (2°00'S., 147°19'E.), the most important

port in the Admiralty Islands, is formed by Los Negros Island and a barrier reef on the N and E, and the NE coast of Manus Island on the S.

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The off-lying islands are mostly flat and low; some islets,

however, are formed by high hills. The vegetation throughout the island group is rain forest, except where planted in coco- nuts. Many of these islands are partly or entirely covered with coconut palms.

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The Kaniet Islands, consisting of five small reef-fringed is-

lets, are about 38 miles NNE of the Hermit Islands. They are low, flat, thickly covered with coconut palms, and connected to each other by reefs. The Kaniet Islands have been reported to be 1.5 miles ENE of their charted position. In 1987, the Kaniet Islands were reported to lie 3 miles NE of their charted posi- tion.

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The Ninigo Islands, about 140 miles WNW of Manus Island,

consist of six atolls, separated from each other by deep chan- nels. There are about fifty islets on the atolls. Some of these low islets are covered with coconut trees, about 30m high. There are a few swampy areas.

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The Purdy Islands are a small coral group of islets lying

about 40 miles SSW of the W end of Manus Island. 9.68 Sherburn Reef (Doppel Reef) (3°21'S., 148°00'E.),

lying 85 miles SSE of the E extremity of Manus Island, consists of two parts; the S reef, which is the largest, nearly dries. This reef has a deep passage of 0.3 mile wide on its W and a boat passage on its E; some small isolated reef patches lie in the lagoon. The N reef has a deep passage about 0.1 mile wide on its W side; anchorage may be available in the lagoon, which is clear of reef patches.

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Circular Reef (Kreis Reef) (3°26'S., 147°47'E.) lies about

11 miles WSW of Sherburn Reef; shoal water extends 4 miles S from the S end of the reef, and the reef nearly dries. A pass- age lies on the S side of Kreis reef, about 0.3 mile wide. Good anchorage may be obtained in the lagoon, but clear of several patches of reef which show up in a good light.

In 1991, a reef was reported to lie in approximate position 3°07'S, 148°10'E, about 16 miles NE of Sherburne Reef. Tides—Currents.—The prevailing current in the vicinity of

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Manus Island sets WNW at a rate of 1.5 to 2 knots. A cessation or reversal of this current may be experienced during the strength of the Northwest Monsoon.

A strong E current was experienced in the vicinity of the Purdy Islands during the months of February and March. Currents in the vicinity of the Ninigo Islands appear to alter-

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nate in direction between SE and NW. The average rate is re- ported to be 1.25 knots, but little is known of these currents. A strong NE current has been observed between Rambutyo Island and Baluan Island.

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Depths—Limitations.—The many off-lying islets and is-

lands lying E, S, and W of Manus Island are surrounded by depths oof ver 183m; deep water also closely approaches the N and E coasts of that island. Manus Island is fronted on the N by a broken line of barrier reefs that extend to the NW point of Los Negros Island.

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The Hermit Islands, about 90 miles WNW of Manus Island,

are enclosed by a narrow reef, which is less than 1 mile wide and which surrounds an extensive lagoon. The group consists of four high reef-fringed islands in the middle of the lagoon, and 13 smaller islands on the reef. On the two largest islands have hills ranging from 111 to 244m high. The hills are sepa- rated by valleys and low narrow isthmuses. There are margins of low and gently sloping ground around the hills that are cov- ered with coconut palms. The islands in the lagoon are forest- ed, except when planted in coconut palms. The islands on the narrow reef are mostly planted in coconut palms. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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