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256

Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

coast and inland mountains are covered with rain forest. Hixon Bay, which indents the coast between Kakolan Islet and Ran- gambol Point, is fringed by a narrow reef. Its low shores rise gradually to Mount Likuruanga and Mount Ulawun. Two small rivers, the banks of which are mostly swampy and overgrown with sago palms, flow into the head of the bay. There is a vil- lage near the mouth of the E river.

Mimi Reef, Korleili Reef, and an unnamed reef are in the E approach to Hixon Bay.

9.59 9.59

Anchorage.—During the Southeast Monsoon, vessels can an-

chor in depths decreasing gradually from 36.6m, about 0.5 mile off the shores of the bay. Small vessels with local knowledge can anchor, in 14.6m to 16.5m, 0.3 mile off the mouth of the E river. Small vessels with local knowledge can anchor SE of Rang-

9.59

ambol Point, inside some reefs. The entrance between the reefs is clear and there is anchorage space within of about 0.3 mile. The Korindindi River and the Nessai River flow into the

9.59

Photo by Robert Citron, http://www.volcano.si.edu/images/full/016053

Lolobau Island

9.58 Lolobau Island (4°55'S., 151°10'E.) has some sandy

shores, but in most places steep slopes, gullied by many small streams, rise from the sea or close inland from the shore. The island is covered with rain forest except near the settlements and plantations. The island is fringed with reefs up to 1.25 miles offshore.

9.58

Tiwongo Island is separated from the SE end of Lolobau Is-

land by a narrow channel; Tiwo Reef is 0.6 mile S, and Passage Reef 1.75 miles SSW, respectively, from Tiwongo Islet. Anchorage.—Anchorage is afforded to small craft in a

9.58

depth of about 8m in a passage between Tiwongo Island and Lolobau Island; vessels can also anchor, in a depth of 16.5m, on the W side of Tiwongo Island.

9.58

Hermo Reef and Ake Reef are about 3 miles SW of the S end

of Lolobau Island. Several unnamed danger areas extend as far as 1 mile seaward from the Willaumez Peninsula into Expec- tation Strait.

9.58

The E approach to Expectation Strait is encumbered with

reefs, including Tokoro Reefs, Sido Reef, Eli Reef, Hete Reef, and Loto Reef.

Muli Island and Banban Island, 60m and 210m high, respecttively, are 2.75 and 3.75 miles WNW of the W end of Lolobau Island. Many detached reefs which are hard to identify are N and W of the islands; the N is North Reef.

9.58 9.58

Banban Reefs, also hard to identify, extend 11 miles WSW

from Banban Island. Father Reef, a large group of detached patches, are at the W end of Banban Reefs.

9.59 Kakolan Islet (4°54'S., 152°23'E.), 60m high, is close off the NW side of Cape Torkoro.

9.59

Between Cape Torkoro and Cape Lambert, the coast curves

N round Offene Bay; for about 30 miles N of the head of the bay is bordered by long stretches of mud, between which are some sandy shores. Continuing N along the W side of the Gazelle Peninsula to Cape Lambert, the shore becomes rocky and steep sloping, with some scattered stretches of sand. The sandy shores are backed by margins of low and undulating terrain that are generally less than 1.5 miles wide between the shore and the high mountains backing the coast. The muddy shores are backed by swamps and intersected by streams. The

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head of Offene Bay, about 5.8 miles ESE and 8.5 miles ENE, respectively of Rangambol Point. A village stands at the mouth of the latter river. An extensive flat, grassy plain, which lies out against the surrounding brushwood, is in this vicinity.

9.60 Tavanatangir Harbor (Powell) (4°48'S., 151°41'E.),

entered between Ailo Point (4°49'S., 151°41'E.) and an unnamed point nearly 1.5 miles NW, is protected by a line of reefs. The Tavanatangir River discharges into and indents the NE part of the harbor. A deep channel, about 0.2 mile wide, leads into the inner harbor.

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The passages between the reefs vary from 91 to 549m wide.

Ailo Point is fringed by a reef that extends 0.25 mile offshore, leaving a deep 0.25 mile wide channel between it and the S detached reef. The main channel into the harbor leads between the S detached reef and the North. It has a width of about 549m. A light is shown from the S end of the N reef. The reef, 1.5 miles N of the S reef, is close off the main island, leaving only a very narrow passage between; S of this reef the channel, though narrow, is straight and deep.

9.60

Keila Islet, standing on a reef close E of the outer line of

reefs, has a white sandy beach and serves as a prominent mark for approaching the harbor.

9.60

Between the N entrance point of Tanvanatangir Harbor and

Mulua Point, about 2 miles NNW, the coast has a level sandy shore and is overgrown with brushwood. Between the latter point and Wunambere Point, about 10 miles N, the coast is intersected by three small rivers and fronted by reefs to a distance of 1.75 miles. A prominent waterfall is located near the mouth of the Toriu River, about 2.8 miles N of Mulua Point.

9.61 Pondo Harbor (4°34'S., 151°39'E.) (World Port

Index No. 56840) is between the reefs extending S from Pondo Point and the reefs extending 1.75 miles W from a position on the coast, about 2 miles SE. Pondo Point, 3 miles NW of Wu- nambere Point, is low, and like the coast in this vicinity, cov- ered with trees. A small river flows out close E of the point. The settlement of Pondo is in the NE corner of the harbor. A small pier, reported to have a depth of 4.5m at its head, is situ- ated in the N part of the harbor.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage can be taken by vessels with local

knowledge, in 36 to 55m, in the middle of the harbor. Small vessels with local knowledge can anchor, in 16.5m, white sand, Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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