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9.51

Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

Widu Reef, about 0.5 mile long, is about 2.8 miles WNW of Cape Widu. It dries at LW and usually breaks.

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Mundua Island, Vambu Island, and Undaga Island, the

largest of this group of islands and dangers, are 152m high and wooded. Cape Kurabo forms the SE end of Mundua Island. They should be avoided by all except small vessels with local knowledge, due to the number of charted reefs and shoals N of the group. Other dangers extend E and W from the group. Many of these dangers have not been examined.

9.51

Planet Harbor (4°38'S., 149°20'E.), on the W side of Mun-

dua Island, provides anchorage, in 40m, for small vessels with local knowledge. Such vessels should only enter under favor- able conditions of light in order to avoid the reefs.

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Narage Island (4°33'S., 149°07'E.) is a round island, sur-

rounded by a reef, which on the N side is about 0.3 mile off- shore. There is a boiling spring on a sandy beach on the SE side, and another on the SW side, where there is a geyser that throws up water to a height of 9.1m.

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Caution.—A breaking reef, about 3.5 miles long, is about

1.4 miles N of the island. A breaking reef is about 1 mile WNW of the island. A rock, with a depth of 5.5m, is about 1.3 miles SW of the island. Two rocks, with depths of 5m, about 0.8 mile SE of the island.

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A chain of reefs extends about 5 miles in a SW direction

from a position about 3 miles SW of the island. A shoal was reported to be about 4.5 miles E of the island.

9.52 Ottilien Reef, 18 miles W of Narage Island, is an atoll

formed by a group of four reefs. The W reef is always un- covered and is marked by breakers. A sand cay is on this reef. There are entrances on the N and S sides of the atoll.

Whirlwind Reefs, about 55 miles WNW of Unea Island, have been previously described in paragraph 9.45.

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Sherburne Reef, 97 miles NW of Narage Island, consists of

two parts, the S of which nearly dries. A passage, 0.3 mile wide, leads through the W side of the S reef into the lagoon. Small vessels with local knowledge can anchor in the lagoon, clear of the isolated patches. The N reef has a deep passage, 183m wide, on its W side.

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Circular Reef, about 11 miles WSW of Sherburne Reef, nea-

rly dries. A passage, 183m wide, leads from the S into the la- goon, where there are a number of shoal patches which show up well under favorable conditions of light. Shoal ground ex- tends 4 miles S from the S end of the reef.

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Between Cape Gloucester and Silimati Point, 7 miles ESE,

the coast is slightly indented by a shallow bight. The broken barrier reef fronting this coast has been described earlier in this section.

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Caution.—Foul ground is found extending seaward along

the entire N coast of New Britain; many portions of this area are unsurveyed or are not completely surveyed.

9.53 Cape Gloucester (5°27'S., 148°25'E.) is 30m high

and wooded. Razorback Hill rises steeply to 174m, nearly 2 miles SSW of the cape.

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A broken barrier reef, with drying rocks and a general depth

of less than 1.8m, is 4 to 6 miles offshore N of Cape Glouce- ster. Fronting the coast, the reef extends nearly 20 miles E from its W extremity, which is about 5 miles NW of Cape Glouce- ster.

Pub. 126

A shoal area, about 0.3 mile long and which dries in places, is about 0.5 mile NW of Cape Gloucester.

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Borgen Bay is entered between Silimati Point and Ulo Point.

It affords anchorage for small vessels with local knowledge and with good light conditions in the clear part of the bay, in 37 to 46m. Shelter is best during the Southeast Monsoon, but heavy swells roll in during the Northwest Monsoon.

Between Ulo Point (5°31'S., 148°35'E.) and the Willaumez Peninsula, the coast is little known and is fronted by reefs. There are some villages E of Cape Gauffre, which is 5 miles ENE of Ulo Point, and E of Cape Kiepert, 4.5 miles farther East. Reefs, some of which are above-water, extend up to 2.5 miles off Cape Gauffre. This point should be given a wide berth.

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Rottock Bay (El Bay), between Cape Kiepert and an un- named point 9 miles E, has not been closely surveyed. Several reef-fringed islets, including Tamuniai Islet, lie off

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the coast between the unnamed point and Cape Raoult, about 6.5 miles East. The entire coastline is fronted by reefs extend- ing offshore for a considerable distance in places. Cape Raoult (Cape Raoul) is low; Samudo Islet is about 2 miles N of it. Between Cape Raoult and Cape Neumayer, about 15 miles

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SE, the coast is considerably indented, fringed with reefs, and fronted by dangers. Maruro Reef, about 2 miles long, is about 5.5 miles NW of Cape Neumayer. A 5.5m shoal patch, the position of which is approximate, is about 4 miles N of the same point. Breakers were reported about 4.5 miles, bearing 320° from the NW extremity of Maruro Reef.

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Small vessels with local knowledge and favorable light con-

ditions can anchor in Rein Bay, entered close S of Cape Neu- mayer, in 12.8m, about 0.5 mile SSW of the sandy islet about 0.6 mile S of the cape. Utano Islet is about 1.5 miles ENE of Cape Neumayer.

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Mount Penck, of which Rudiger Point is a spur, is prom-

inent. Emeline Bay (5°28'S., 149°39'E.), W of Rudiger Point, is moderately clear and affords anchorage for vessels with local knowledge in its E part.

9.54 Eleonoro Bay, entered between Rudiger Point and Ka-

vutu Point (Wilson Point), 7 miles ESE, is sheltered by a group of islands lying NE and E of Kavutu Point. Talasea Is-land and Nugakau Island lie within 1.75 miles ENE of Rudiger Point. A post office is situated on the Nugakau Island. Kalapiai Island, the largest and S island, lies 2 miles SE of Rudiger Point. Vessels with local knowledge can find good anchorage in the bay, especially in Comet Harbor, a sheltered cove in the SE part of the bay. Depths of 14.6m are found in the cove. Riebeck Bay, entered between Kavutu Point and Cape Bas-

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tian, about 12 miles NE, appears to be encumbered by reefs, but there is a well-sheltered cove in the NE corner. Vessels with local knowledge will find anchorage, in 20.1m, about 0.5 mile off the shores of this cove.

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The Willaumez Peninsula, marked by a light on Cape Holl-

man (5°00'S., 150°05'E.), its N point, projects about 30 miles NNW from the coast of New Britain. Its W coast is fronted at intervals by detached reefs, somewhat in the form of a barrier reef. The outermost is about 6 miles W of Cape Schellong, the W extremity of the peninsula.

The N coast of the Willaumez Peninsula, between Cape Hollman and Cape Campbell, to Cape Heussner, about 2.3

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