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250

Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

active volcano, 2,300m high, is about 53 miles SSW of the NW point of the Gazelle Peninsula.

9.38

New Britain is covered with virgin forest; even the vol-

canoes are mostly covered to their summits. There are a num- ber of fairly large rivers and some protected harbors.

New Britain—South Coast

9.39 The S coast has some swamps, but in most places sandy

shores alternate with cliffs and steep slopes. Inland of the sandy shores and backing some of the cliffs are strips of low, undulating, and hilly terrain, narrow in most places, but extending con- siderable distances inland near the W end of the island.

9.39

The S coast is hilly and has a series of raised coral terraces,

the highest of which are found along the SE half of the coast. Here the highest of several terraces rise to a height of 457m. Cliffs, with an average height of 61m, are found along the SW part of the S coast, between Cape Merkus and extending al- most to Cape Bali.

9.39

The S part of New Britain has a uniform skyline which be-

comes more elevated toward the NE, except for the S peak in a volcanic cluster near the W end of the island.

9.39

Dampier Strait is about 13 miles wide between the W end of

New Britain and Umboi Island. The latter is volcanic, moun- tainous, and rises to a height of 457m. The E side of the strait is steep and rugged. It is backed by mountains that attain a height of nearly 1,829m.

9.40 The S coast of New Britain is mostly steep-to. Be-

tween Cape Archway (4°58'S., 152°15'E.) and Cape Merkus, the coast is apparently free from dangers beyond a distance of 3 miles. The remainder of the S coast of New Britain is fronted by reefs, shoals, and reported dangers to a distance up to 20 miles.

9.40

Dampier Strait has a swept channel with a depth of 18.3m

leading through the dangers. Its S approach is obstructed by a number of dangers, separated by deep-water passages which may be navigated with the sun in favorable position.

9.40

Vitiaz Strait, which is described in Pub. 164, Sailing Direc-

tions (Enroute) New Guinea, should be used in preference to Dampier Strait.

9.40

The Arawe Islands (6°06'S., 148°58'E.) front the coast of

New Britain for a distance of 15 miles NW of Cape Merkus. They extend up to 7.5 miles offshore, and the navigation among them is very intricate. Kaptimati Island (Kauptimete Island) is the outermost islet; it is located 5 miles W of Cape Merkus and is reported to be a good radar target from 21 miles. Caution.—The S coast of New Britain has not been com-

9.40

pletely surveyed; there may be dangers in addition to the num- erous charted ones.

Breakers have been reported about 20 miles W of Bowen Shoal (6°05'S., 148°40'E.).

9.40 9.40

Visibility is greatly reduced along the S coast of New Britain

during SE storms. 9.41 Cape Archway (4°58'S., 152°15'E.) has been pre-

viously described in paragraph 9.19 as a part of St. George’s Channel.

Wide Bay, between Cape Archway and Cape Cormoran, is clear and deep. Cape Cormoran is high, vertical, and cliffy.

9.41

Pub. 126

9.42 Between Cape Cunningham and Cape Beechey (5°56'S., 151°12'E.), the coast is regular and steep-to. The coast, SW of the latter cape, consists of deep bays, separated by low points, and backed by land that attains a height of 914m, about 7 miles inland. Small vessels with local know- ledge can anchor W of the reef off the cape. Cape Dampier, 11 miles SW of Cape Beechey, is high, steep, and prominent. A group of rocks is charted W of Cape Dampier.

Montagu Harbor, entered W of a point located about 10 miles W of Cape Dampier, is open to SW winds.

9.42

Vahsel Harbor, entered between Hedele Point and Roebuck Point, about 1 mile SW, is partially exposed to SE winds. The

9.42 9.41

Jammer Bay, entered 4.5 miles W of Cape Archway, affords

anchorage, in 11 to 16.5m, on a ledge at the head of the bay. This ledge falls off steeply to 55m. The anchorage is open to all but NW winds.

9.41

Henry Reid Bay (5°00'S., 152°00'E.), at the head of Wide

Bay, is about 4 miles wide between Zungen Point and South Point. Zungen Point is about 13.5 miles W of Cape Archway. The shore is mostly reef free; where reefs do exist they do not extend more than 55m from the shore. The N shore of the bay is intersected by the mouths of two small rivers and is low and densely wooded.

9.41

Brown Island is close to shore, about 1 mile NW of South

Point. A 5m shoal is 1 mile NE of the island, and on the N edge of this shoal is a rock, awash. A line of sunken rocks is about 0.2 mile SE of the island.

Anchorage can be taken, in 27.4m, with Zungen Point bear- ing 153°, distant 0.5 mile.

9.41 9.41

Between Cape Cormoran and Cape Orford, the coast is

backed by a volcano and a mountain range. The latter cape is high and prominent. Between this cape and Cape Kwoi, 18 miles WSW, the coast is high, steep, and densely wooded. Kway Peak, about 549m high and about 7 miles NW of Cape Kwoi, is a prominent isolated mountain. It appears conical in shape when viewed from the E.

9.41

A light is shown in the vicinity of Cape Orford.

9.41

Jacquinot Bay is entered between Cape Jacquinot, about 12

miles W of Cape Kwoi, and Cape Cunningham, about 8 miles SW. The latter point is low and covered with bushes. A chain of reefs is up to 0.3 mile offshore to W of this point: The bay is reported to be clear of dangers and to be very deep. There is an observation pillar on Observation Point, about 3.5 miles WNW of Cape Cunningham. There are several native villages on the S shore of the bay.

9.41

Anchorage.—Anchorage can be taken off the cove which is

about 0.8 mile S of the observation pillar. Small vessels with local knowledge can anchor between the before-mentioned chain of reefs and the main island.

Pomio Village is situated on the N shore of Jacquinot Bay, about 7.5 miles NNW of Cape Jacquinot.

9.41

Two leading beacons, in line bearing 352°, lead through the entrance in the reefs, where the channel is about 55m wide. Pomio Harbor, formed by two reefs between 0.1 and 0.2

9.41 9.41

mile offshore from the village, is sheltered and has general depths of 14.6 to 18.3m. Vessels up to 40m long can be accommodated. There is a wharf at the E end of the harbor, about 21m long, with depths alongside of 4.5 to 5.5m. There is foul ground E of the wharf. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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