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248

Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

Island) form the S side of the channel. A number of reefs and shoals are near and between the islands on the S side of the channel.

9.34

Lemus Island, Nusaum Island, Nusalomon Island, and Ed-

mago Island form the N side of the channel. These islands are all fringed with reefs.

9.34

Aspect.—A light shown from the SE end of the reef off the

E side of Selapiu Island marks the S entrance to Steffen Strait. Range beacons, marking a 055.5° range, are situated on the W side of the reef extending W from Kulinus Island and on the N side of the same island. Range lights, in line bearing 081°, mark Nusa Channel.

9.34

Anchorage.—Protected anchorage can be found in suitable

depths on Silver Sound. Directions.—Albatross Channel should only be used by

small vessels up to 61m long, with local knowledge, because the dangers are unmarked.

9.34

Vessels approaching Steffen Strait from the S should pass

inside of Dyaul Island, keeping over to the New Ireland side. Large vessels should proceed toward the bluff, steep-to, and densely wooded S end of Selapiu Island. The island can be readily identified by Mausoleum Berg, 124m high and flat, 2.75 miles NNW of its S end. Vessels should steer to pass about 0.5 mile E of the S end of the island. The 053.5° range situated on Kulinus Island and the reef to its W leads between the reef E of Selapiu Island and a 4.9m shoal. Strong rips occur near the S end of the reef E of Selapiu Island. When the W end of Lemus Island bears 001°, steer on that course for it. If proceeding for Nusa Channel, round the N end of Wadei Island (Vutte Island), so as to pass in mid-channel between that island and Nusaum Island, then steer a course with the S end of Edmago Island bearing 075°. When the light shown from Cape Siwusat (Cape Sveusat) bears 081°, steer for it on that bearing. When the beacons standing N of the wharf at Kavieng are in line bearing 034°39', steer for them.

9.34

Vessels approaching Steffen Strait from the N should enter

the Strait by passing between Bangatang Island and Lemus Island; then round the S end of Lemus Island and proceed as directed in the S approach. Passage between any of the islands forming the N side of Nusa Channel is not recommended. Vessels may also enter Kavieng Harbor via Silver Sound,

9.34

which is less desirable than via Nusa Channel. Enter Steffen Channel either from the S or N as directed above. When Kuli- nus Passage (Kulaumus Channel) opens, alter course to pass between Nonowaul Island (Nanavaul Island) and Kulinus Is- land (Kulaumis Island). The N end of Lisseno Number 1 Island, in line bearing 072° with the N side of Usienlik Island (Usseinlik Island), leads through Silver Sound. Usienlik Island is 25m high and is 2.5 miles ENE of Lisseno Number 1 Island. Care must be exercised to avoid the charted shoal spots close to this islet. When the E end of Schneider Island (2°38'S., 150°43'E.) bears 010°, course should be altered to that bearing until the 116m summit just N of Mausoleum Berg is in line with the S end of Kabottern Island on a bearing 260°. Then bring this bearing astern. When well-passed Globig Island, steer to pass between Globig Island and Usien Island (Nausen Island), taking care to avoid all charted shoal spots; then steer in on the courses previously given for Nusa Channel and Kavi- eng Harbor.

Pub. 126

9.35 Kavieng Harbor (2°35'S., 150°48'E.) (World Port

Index No. 56760), the administrative center for the New Ire- land District, is the port of entry for that district. It is also the principal port in New Ireland. Copra is the principal export. Cargo is worked by ships gear.

9.35 9.35

Winds—Weather.—Winds are generally from the NW. Tides—Currents.—Tidal currents in the harbor are strong;

the ebb sets S and the flood N. The rate is generally about 2 knots, but up to 6 knots have been reported.

Photo by Robert Eklund http://www.roberteklund.info

Kavieng Harbor

9.35

Depths—Limitations.—Nusa Channel has a width of about

0.3 mile between the 10.9m curves at its NE intersection with Kavieng Harbor. Vessels with drafts up to 9.1m can enter the harbor through this channel. The fairway has depths of 18.3m or more.

Nissel Passage and North Entrance are limited to small craft with local knowledge.

9.35

The wharf, situated on the E side of the harbor, provides a berth 94m in length, with alongside depths of 7m.

9.35 9.35

Kavieng Harbor is formed between the NE end of New Ire-

land and Nago Island, Nusalik Island, and Nusa Island, which stand on an extensive reef.

Pilotage.—Pilots are available from Rabaul upon advance request. There are no tugs available.

9.35 9.35

Anchorage.—Anchorage is available, in a depth of 20m,

sand, with East Reef Light bearing 042°, distant about 0.4 mile.

9.35

Anchorage is also available, in 14.6 or 16.4m, N of Lisseno

Number 1 Island and in Silver Sound, discussed previously in paragraph 9.34.

The quarantine anchorage is situated 0.75 mile SSW of the wharf, and may best be seen on the chart.

9.35 9.35

Caution.—A submarine cable extends from the SE end of

Nago Island NE across Nusa Channel; anchorage is prohibited in the vicinity of this cable.

9.35

Moritz Rock, 2.7m high and about 0.5 mile WSW of the SW

end of Patio Island, is on a narrow reef which extends almost 1 mile WSW of that island. An 8.2m shoal is about 0.5 mile SW of Moritz Rock.

9.35

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