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Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

miles. Two coral fingers extend into the bay from the fringing reef.

Tides—Currents.—A fresh SW wind sometimes causes a current to set through the harbor at a rate of 2 knots.

9.31 9.31

Depths—Limitations.—There are two piers in the harbor,

one of which has a depth of 9.1m and can accommodate a ves- sel up to 107m long.

9.31

Anchorage.—Anchorage can be taken by small vessels with

local knowledge, in 16 to 18m, near the head of the bay. 9.32 Eulolou Harbor is at the SE end of Emirau Island

(1°40'S., 150°00'E.), between that island and Elomusau, a small islet located SE of the E end of the larger island. The entrance is from the S, passing W of a shoal. There is a shoal at the N end of the harbor and another in the middle of the fairway at the S end.

9.32

Anchorage.—Small vessels with local knowledge can an-

chor, in 11 to 15m, in the harbor, but the swinging room is limited. It was reported that the E end of Etuitui Islet, bearing 026° and just open of the E point of Emirau Island, leads to the anchorage.

9.32

In addition to the anchorages in the various harbors, vessels

can anchor outside the Eulolou Harbor entrance in the open roadstead, where some shelter is afforded during the Northwest Monsoon.

9.32

Vessels can take open anchorage off the S side of Emirau Is-

land, between the S extremity of the island and the W extremity. The coastal reef is steep-to, but some protection is afforded from NE winds.

9.33 Mussau Island (1°30'S., 149°46'E.) is about 57 miles

NNW of New Hanover. It is composed of terraces and folded ridges that rise to a peak about 651m high near its mid-part. The terraces rise very steeply in some places in steps of 91 to 305m, but the terrace surfaces are mainly ranges of small hills. On an E bearing, Mussau Island appears wedge-shaped, with the steeper side of the wedge being to the S.

9.33

Sandy shores extend around the coast, but a considerable

part of the island is ringed by high cliffs that rise at varying dis- tances inland from the shore. The island is covered with rain forest, interspersed with areas of light scrub and grass. Coco- nut plantations and villages are found along the E and S sides of the island.

A trading station is situated on Ekaleu Islet, 6 miles W of the S end of Mussau Island.

9.33 9.33

Tides—Currents.—A strong W or NW set is frequently en-

countered in Melle Channel. Between Mussau Island and Em- irau Island a similar current is often met.

The current sets WNW at a rate of 1 knot between New Han- over and Mussau Island.

9.33 9.33

Depths—Limitations.—Melle Channel, the passage be-

tween the reefs, was reported to be clear of dangers, except for Pieho Reef. It should, however, only be used by small vessels with local knowledge.

Anchorage.—A vessel has anchored, in 35m, to the SE of the trading station on Ekaleu Islet.

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A sheltered anchorage can be taken, in 16m, in the entrance

of Elueke Bight, about 3 miles S of the N end of the island. The N end of Mussau Island, bearing 001°, and the mouth of the N

247

stream emptying into the bight bearing 122°, serve as anchor bearings.

Caution.—Mussau Island is fringed by a reef that broadens to a width of 2 miles along the S coast.

9.33

Mussau Island has been reported (1985) to lie 2 miles SW of its charted position.

9.33 9.33

Several small islets stand on the reef fringing the S coast of

the island. South of the reef and separated from it by a narrow deep passage, known as Melle Channel, is an atoll on which lie several small islets. Pieho Reef, visible even in a heavy sea, is located at the E entrance of the channel, about 1.3 miles S of the S end of Mussau Island.

Kavieng Harbor—Approaches

9.34 Steffen Strait, deep and clear in the fairway, is entered

from the S between the W end of Baudisson Island (Binnegem Island) and Selapiu Island. The strait leads in a N direction to its intersection with Nusa Channel. Baudisson Island, sepa- rated from New Ireland by Albatross Channel, has several villages on it. Cape Jeschke, the W end of Baudisson Island, is fringed by a reef which is steep-to and has several drying rocks on it.

9.34

A chain of islands extends N from the NW end of Baudisson

Island and forms the E side of Steffen Strait. This group consists of Kulinus Island (Kulaumis Island), Nonowau Islandl (Nanavaul Island), Wadei Island (Vutte Island), Nusaum Is- land, and Lemus Island; there are many reef-fringed islands E of the above-named islands. The W side of Steffen Strait is formed by Selapiu Island, Ribnitz Island, and Bangatang Is- land.

All of the above islands are tree-covered and are more than 30m high; Selapiu Island, the highest, is 127m high.

9.34

Tides—Currents.—Tidal currents in Steffen Strait attain a rate of 2 knots, setting N on the flood, and S on the ebb. Depths—Limitations.—Steffen Strait has depths of more

9.34 9.34

than 18.3m in the fairway. A shoal, with depths of less than 1.8m, is 2 miles E of the S end of Selapiu Island. A 7.3m shoal is E of this last shoal, about 1 mile SW of Cape Jeschke. A 3.6m shoal is N of the same shoal, about 1 mile SW of Cape Jeschke. A 4.9m shoal lies about 0.7 mile WSW of Cape Jeschke. A bank, with a least depth of 18.9m, has been reported about 1.3 miles WNW of the SW end of Baudisson Island. Albatross Channel, separating New Ireland and Manne Is- land, has depths of as little as 2.1m.

9.34 9.34

Kulinus Passage (Kulaunus Channel), separating Kulinus

Island and Nonowaul Island, and connecting Steffen Strait with Silver Sound, is deep in the fairway, but has a 7m shoal in mid- channel, about 0.5 mile NE of the N end of Kulinus Island; the fairway is between this shoal and Kulinus Island.

9.34

Lisseno Number 1 Island, 45m high, is at the E end of the

sound. Foul ground, with a depth of 1.5m near its end, extends about 0.6 mile WNW from the islet. Several shoals, with depths of 3.9 to 5.5m, are within 0.5 mile WSW of the islet. A patch, with a depth of 2.4m, is 0.5 mile N of the leading line, about 1.5 miles W of the islet. A 5.5m shoal is nearly 1 mile WNW of the islet.

9.34

Nusa Channel, deep and clear in the fairway, connects Stef-

fen Strait with Kavieng Harbor. Wadei Island, Ungan Island, Kabotteron Island, the Enuk Islands, and Usien Island (Nausen

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