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Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

local authorities should be consulted for information on harbor regulations.

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Signals.—Rabaul Radio (P2R) is a full service radio com-

munications facility manned 24 hours. Both the pilot and the local authorities may be contacted through this station. The pilot station may be contacted on VHF channels 6, 8, 12, and 16, from 0600 to 2145, or when a vessel is expected. Anchorage.—Anchorage is prohibited within 0.1 mile of the

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range line and within the Prohibited Anchorage area, best seen on the chart. The Quarantine Anchorage stands off the harbor’s head, and may best be seen on the chart.

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The passenger ship anchorage, about 0.6 mile SSE of the

front range light, has a depth of 20m and is best seen on the chart.

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Directions.—The fairway from Cape Gazelle to Simpson

Harbor is wide, deep, and marked by lights and a lighted range. Additionally, vessels have reported that visual and radar navi- gation was excellent.

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Vessels bound for Matupi Harbor should alter course to 349°

when the W edge of Rabalanakaia Crater bears 349°, and steer through the entrance on that course. When the center of Mount Tavurvur bears 096°, vessels can alter the course W for the an- chorage.

Caution.—Vessels have reported that the pilot recommends remaining to the W of the range line when entering Simpson Harbor to avoid silting which has occurred on the port’s E shore. Vessels have also advised berthing between daybreak and 0800 to avoid the NW winds which set off the wharves.

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Major volcanic activity occurred in the port area in 1994. 9.26 Between Praed Point and Cape Tawui (Cape Tavui)

are narrow sandy shores, fringed by a reef and by shoal depths out to 0.5 mile in places. The shores are backed in places by narrow strips of flat and gently sloping terrain. Cliffs and steep slopes rise to high hills and low mountains just inland of the marginal coast.

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Mount Kombiu is the dominant feature of this stretch of

coast, which has several villages and mission stations. It was reported that a prominent microwave antenna stands at the peak of Mount Kombiu.

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Cape Tawui (Cape Tavui), marked by a light, is the termina-

tion of a low spur of the coastal range of hills and is the N ex- tremity of New Britain.

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Between a point about 5 miles S of Labur Bay (3°41'S.,

152°22'E.) and Komalu Bay, about 20 miles NW, the coast is bordered by low cliffs that rise to narrow terraces and steep sloping hills. Backing the hills and terraces are the steep fores- ted slopes of a low mountain ridge that rises from the low pass SE of Labur Bay and slopes to a pass about 152m high located inland of Komalu Bay.

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Between Labur Bay and Cape Strauch, a wooded tongue of

land about 28 miles NW, there are many small inlets, villages, and small coconut plantations.

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Between Komalu Bay and Katherine Harbor, about 45 miles

NW, the greater part of the coast is bordered by sandy shores. In places, particularly along the SE part of the coast, cliffs rise close inland from the shore. A narrow plain extends NW along the coast. This plain is backed by the steep slopes of a high limestone plateau. The SE side of the plateau rises from the

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low pass located inland of Komalu Bay. The plateau, with an elevation of 1,480m, slopes to a pass about 610m high that is located inland of Katherine Harbor. Much of the coast and the inland plateau is densely forested, but there are several coconut plantations.

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Kalili Harbor, SE of Cape Strauch, is a small reef enclosed

bay. Pana Island, small and wooded, is close off the SE en- trance point of the bay. The passage into the bay requires local knowledge and favorable light conditions to negotiate the 70m wide entrance. The anchorage in the bay is approached on course 050°, with two white beacons in line, and entering be- tween two reefs, each marked by a pole. When between the poles, course is altered NNW in line on a second set of white beacons. Then steer between the reefs in the harbor as required. The anchorage stands in the center of the harbor, in depths of 13m to 22m.

9.27 Katherine Harbor (3°12'S., 151°39'E.) is a small in-

dentation in the coast bordered by a fringing reef. It is about 0.2 mile long and can be identified by two wooded rocky islets which lie S of it. Katherine Harbor serves as a good radar target from 29 miles. Small vessels with local knowledge can take an- chorage, in 50m, in the harbor, midway between the reefs on either side. The anchorage is open to the SW. Small streams discharge into the harbor. A large village is situated NNW of the harbor.

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Between Katherine Harbor and a position abreast Dyaul

Island, there are a few sandy stretches, but the coast is cliffy and steep. The steep slopes rise to narrow terraces backed by mountain slopes. The mountains increase in height from the high pass located inland of Katherine Harbor. The NW slopes of the mountains grade downward to a height of about 153m. Swift mountain streams that flow only during the wet season have cut deep ravines in the coast and the lower mountain slopes. The coast and inland mountains are densely forested, except for several coconut plantations near the shore.

Latangai Island (2°54'S., 151°09'E.) is connected with New Ireland by a reef, the S side of which is steep-to.

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Dyaul Island is separated from the NW end of New Ireland

by Gazelle Channel. Mount Bendemann, 226m high and prom- inent, is located in the N central part of the island. The re- mainder of the island has an average height of about 61m. Anchorage for small craft can only be obtained in the harbors, because the fringing reef is steep-to and caution is required because the indentations are encumbered with reefs.

The island is fringed by reefs, narrow at the E end, but ex- tending up to 1.5 miles off the W end.

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Mait Island stands on the reef that is separated from the W

end of Dyaul Island by the narrow Mait Channel. The latter is foul, especially in the S part, and is only navigable by boats, and it is even dangerous for them. There are several boulders, above-water, scattered over the reef fringing the island. The reef has been reported as extending farther SW than charted. There are coconut and breadfruit trees at the N end of Mait Is- land. A light marks the S point of Mait Island.

Gazelle Channel, separating Dyaul Island from New Ireland, appears to be deep and free of dangers, except for coastal reefs. The S entrance is between Latangai Island and the E end of Dyaul Island. The W entrance is marked by Dietert Peak, 230m high, on the N side, and Mount Bendemann on the S side.

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