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Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

part of the harbor is deep, but the coves are suitable only for small craft with local knowledge.

9.17

Between the entrance of Lassim Bay (Breton Harbor) and Cape

Waum, the coast is fringed by a narrow reef. The range of hills inland is about 610m high. A shoal bank, with a depth of 6.4m over its outer end, extends 0.4 mile SW from the S extremity of the cape. Watarea Rock lies 0.3 mile W of the cape. A rock, with a depth of less than 1.8m, is close N of Watarea Rock.

9.17

Lamassa Bay, formed between the coast of New Ireland, on

the E, and Lamassa Island and Ningin Island, on the W, has considerable depths. A shoal depth of 3.6m is about 0.3 mile N of Lamassa Island. Lamassa Island is 244m high. Ningin Island is between Lamassa Island and Cape Waum. A spit, with depths of 4.9m over its outer end, extends about 0.3 mile SE from the S end of Lamassa Island. A spit, with a depth of 4.9m, extends about 0.2 mile SE from the S extremity of Ningin Island. Port Sulphur, in the SE part of the bay, indents the NE side of Cape Waum. Sperber Point and Condor Point are 6 miles and 13 miles NW, respectively, of Cape Waum.

9.17

Anchorage.—Vessels can anchor off the NE side of Lamas-

sa Island, about 0.1 mile offshore, in 55 to 64m. The best ap- proach to this anchorage is S of Ningin Island. Small vessels can anchor in Port Sulphur.

9.17

Close S of Gilingil Point, anchorage is available, in 40m,

about 0.2 mile offshore. This anchorage affords no shelter in any weather.

9.18 King Bay (4°24'S., 152°42'E.) is a slight indentation

in the coast. King, a small village, is situated on the N shore of the bay. The King River discharges into the bay about 0.3 mile N of the village. Trees line the coast and there are palms in the vicinity of the village. Dangai Peak, E of the bay, is 778m high and prominent. Anchorage can be taken, in 39 to 48m, nearly midway between the village and the river mouth.

9.18

Between King Bay and Tambaker Point, the coast is fringed

in many places by a reef that covers at HW. A bay indents the N side of Tambaker Point and has several small rivers flowing into it. A valley extends E from the head of the bay.

9.18

Between Huru Point and Cape Erkokon, about 16 miles

ENE, there are many open bights. The mountain range, which rises to an elevation of 1,870m E of the former point, descends close to the coast along this stretch. Several mission stations are scattered along this coast.

St. George’s Channel—West Side

9.19 The W side of St. George’s Channel is formed by the

E coast of the Gazelle Peninsula, which forms the NE part of New Britain. The Gazelle Peninsula has many mountain ranges.

9.19

Cape Archway (4°58'S., 152°15'E.) is formed by an arch-

way of rocks projecting into the sea. Between the cape and Iltis Point, 19 miles NNE, the coast is backed by mountains attain- ing a height of about 1,174m.

Between Cape Archway and a position 18 miles S of Cape Gazelle, the coast is bordered by shores of rock, coral, and sand that alternate with cliffs and steep slopes. The coast is backed by narrow margins of low, undulating, and generally sparsely-forested terrain, inland of which are the steep densely- forested slopes of hills and mountains. In several places the

9.19

241

margins of low ground are wide and are planted in coconut palms.

9.19

Between a position 18 miles S of Cape Gazelle to that of the

cape, the shore is sandy in places. The sandy shores are inter- rupted by cliffs, which are the terminals of low ridges and iso- lated hills. Backing the sandy shores are areas of low, hilly, and undulating terrain. The coast is developed and is interspersed with many plantations.

9.19

Eber Bay, a slight indentation in the coast, is located 6 miles

NNE of Cape Archway and is suitable only for small craft. An 8m shoal is located in the middle of the bay, about 0.5 mile off the mouth of a small river.

9.19

Adler Bay is a small cove located about 4 miles NNE of

Eber Bay. It is of little commercial importance. The coast in the vicinity of Adler Bay is said to be steep-to.

9.19

Iltis Point, a salient point lying about midway between Cape

Archway and Cape Gazelle, has a shoal, as defined by the 9.1m curve, extending some distance offshore. Vessels should give the point a wide berth.

9.19

Induna Island lies close offshore, about 5 miles N of Iltis

Point. The island has been reported to be only a group of boul- ders. Anchorage, which is sheltered, may be taken by small craft, in a depth of 31m, sand, between the shore and a steep-to reef extending S from Induna Island; the anchorage is best ap- proached from the N. A stranded wreck lies just SE of the an- chorage.

9.19

Rugen Harbor, about 2.3 miles NNW of the small islet, is a

landlocked inlet suitable only for small craft with local know- ledge. A sawmill is situated on the N side of the harbor. An- chorage may be obtained, in a depth of 11.9m, sheltered from wind and sea, inside the harbor. There are shoals, with depths of 1.2 and 2.4m, close S and W, respectively, of the anchorage. These shoals are marked by beacons.

9.19

Tamalili Anchorage, an indentation in the coast located

about 2 miles S of Cape Gazelle, is open to E and S winds. A reef, with depths of 3 to 9.1m, fronts the shore at a distance of from 0.2 to 0.5 mile. Depths of 37 to 55m are found within the reef, but the area is confined and is suitable only for small craft with local knowledge.

9.20 Cape Gazelle (4°19'S., 152°24'E.), marked by a light

on its N side, is the end of a long spur from Mount Wunakokor. The cape is 46 to 61m high.

Cape Wanata, about 1 mile SSE of Cape Gazelle, is also marked by a light.

9.20 9.20

Between Cape Gazelle and Raluana Point, the shore is

mostly sandy and interrupted by cliffs. Areas of low, hilly, and undulating terrain back the sandy shores.

9.20

Kabakaul, a village, is situated about 4 miles WSW of Cape

Gazelle. There is a small pier at the village. A reef, which dries in places, extends up to 0.1 mile offshore between the village and Lesson Point.

9.21 Kokopo Roadstead (4°20'S., 152°17'E.) (World Port

Index No. 56820) is formed by a bight in the coast between Lesson Point and Raluana Point, 6.5 miles WNW. There are no off-lying dangers, but at a position about 3 miles W of Lesson Point, a reef extends 0.25 mile NE from the coast. Its outer extremity is marked by a pipe. Kokopo settlement stands among an extensive coconut plantation on the shore. The Dis-

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