This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
240

Sector 9. The Bismarck Archipelago

strong SE breeze, the current will be found setting to the N, but if this is succeeded by calm or light breezes, the current re- sumes its S direction.

9.14

The currents are stronger on the E side than on the W side of

the Duke of York Group. They sometimes attain a strength of 2 to 3 knots on the E side of the group.

9.14

A report states that currents up to 4 knots have been exper-

ienced in the Duke of York Group during the Southeast Mon- soon.

9.14

A 1 knot current setting in a W direction has been exper-

ienced in Gazelle Channel, but it did not extend beyond the channel limits.

9.14

Caution.—The SW side of New Ireland is steep-to, with all

coastal dangers within 1.75 miles of the shore. The E coast of the Gazelle Peninsula, forming the W side of St. George’s Cha- nnel, is also steep-to.

The Duke of York Group

9.15 The Duke of York Group, which consists of 13 is-

lands, is in the N part of St. George’s Channel. Duke of York Island, irregular in shape, is the largest island of the group. Makada Island, at the NW end of the group, and Ulu Island, at the SW end, are the only others of any size. They are 139m and 77m high, respectively. All the islands, with the exception of Makada Island, are low, densely wooded, and partly cultivated. There are four harbors in the group; Mioko Harbor and

9.15

Kerawara Harbor are located at the S end,while Balanawang Harbor and Makada Harbor are located at the N end.

There are several mission stations in the group. The principal settlement is on Mioko Island.

9.15 9.15

Mioko Harbor (4°13'S., 152°27'E.), the best harbor in the

group, is sheltered, easy to access, and has good holding ground. Mualim Island is in the entrance of the harbor. Mioko Island, Utuan Island, and Ulu Island form the S and SW sides of the harbor. Duke of York Island forms the N side of the harbor. Mission stations are situated on these islands.

9.15

Tides—Currents.—Springs rise 0.7m and neaps rise 0.5m

in the harbor. Tidal currents attain a rate of 2 to 3 knots in the passages.

9.15

Depths—Limitations.—There are depths of 10.9 to 14.6m

in the harbor. East Passage had depths of over 14.6m in the fairway, but vessels drawing 4.9m or more should navigate with caution; local knowledge is advised. Northwest Passage, NW of Mualim Island, is foul.

9.15

Anchorage.—Vessels can anchor, in 12.8m, sand, about

230m N of the flagstaff on the SW point of Mioko Island. Care must be taken to avoid several shoal patches in the N approach. Vessels should approach East Passage with the SW extrem-

9.15

ity of Mualim Island bearing 321°. This course leads about 0.1 mile NE of a 2.4m patch 0.2 mile E of the E extremity of Mioko Island. When nearing Mualim Island, the course should be altered to pass within 0.1 mile of its SW end, so as to avoid a spit, with a depth of 4.6m, that extends NE of the NE side of Mioko Island.

9.15

When the E end of Utuan Island (4°13'S., 152°28'E.) bears

about 230° and is open to the NW extremity of Mioko Island, the course should be altered to the W until the flagstaff stand- ing on the N side of a house on the SW extremity of Mioko Island bears 191°. Then a 191° course leads to the anchorage.

Pub. 126

This latter course leads close E of a 9.7m shoal, 0.4 mile NE of the flagstaff.

9.16 Balanuwang Harbor (Balanawang Harbor) (4°07'S.,

152°28'E.), indenting the N end of Duke of York Island, is she- tered from all but N winds. Vessels can anchor, in 26m, about 0.2 mile from the head of the harbor. The anchorage is not recommended.

9.16

Kerawara Harbor, between Ulu Island on the N and Kera-

wara Island and Kabakon Island on the S, provides a sheltered anchorage. The SE entrance, between Mioko Reef, extending 1.75 mile W from the W end of Mioko Island and the reef enclosing Kerawara Island, is narrow and unmarked. The har- bor should be entered only by small vessels with local know- ledge.

9.16

Foul Bay, entered between the N end of Ulu Island and

Nakukuru Point, appears to offer sheltered anchorage from SE winds. Foul ground extends up to 1 mile off the shores of the bay, leaving a small area in its center with depths of 40 to 61m. Makada Harbor, between the NW side of Duke of York Is-

9.16

land and Makada Island, can be entered from the NW or SW. It is suitable only for small vessels with local knowledge and with favorable light. Mission stations are situated along the shores of the bay.

9.16

Tides—Currents.—Springs rise 0.9m and neaps rise 0.6m

in Makada Harbor. The flood current runs about 7 hours to the N and the ebb 3.5 hours to the S at a rate of 1 knot to 3 knots. The tidal current sets strongly through the SW entrance. The Credner Islands (4°16'S., 152°22'E.), located between

9.16

the Duke of York Group and New Britain, are low and densely wooded. Each islet is surrounded by a reef, with deep water be- tween.

St. George’s Channel—East Side

9.17 Between Cape St. George and a point of land 5 miles

S of Labur Bay, about 78 miles NNW, there are stretches of rocks, sand, and pebbles. The greater part of the coast is composed of cliffs and steep slopes rising directly from the water’s edge. Inland from the low portions of the coast and backing the cliffs and steep slopes that rise directly from the water’s edge are narrow terraces and belts of low hills. Farther inland are the steep slopes of the interior mountains. Coconut plantations and grass-covered areas are found scattered along the coast; elsewhere, the coasts and inland mountains are cov- ered with dense rain forest.

9.17

Kambotorosch Harbor (4°49'S., 152°53'E.), entered about

1.8 miles N of Cape St. George, is protected from the North- west Monsoon by Lambom Island and Latau Island. Heavy gusts from the SE blow over the high land in the vicinity of the harbor. Small vessels can anchor, in 40 to 50m, with the E end of Lambom Island bearing 330° and the W entrance point of the harbor bearing 262°.

9.17

Gower Harbor, between Lambom Island and the coast, has

depths of 68 to 95m in the fairway, but is too deep for anchor- ing.

9.17

Lassim Bay (Breton Harbor), entered about 1 mile N of

Lambom Island, has two coves at its head, namely Lawanai Cove (English Cove) and Suir Cove (Irish Cove). The outer Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com