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Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

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Aspect.—On the SW side of the atoll the reef is low-lying,

and has some small islets on it; they stand about 1 mile from the outer edge of the reef. Only two or three of the islets can be seen simultaneously. The N and E coasts are wooded.

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There are several landmarks in Rotoava that are visible from

seaward, including an unfinished light structure which has been abandoned. A conspicuous gray tower stands 0.3 mile N of Rotoava. A marker lighthouse, 30m high, was erected 1.5 miles NE of Garuae Pass.

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Anchorage.—Large vessels anchor, in depths of 20 to 25m,

with the flagstaff bearing 055° and about 0.7 mile distant. Small vessels anchor about 0.4 mile W of the flagstaff. Both anchorages offer good holding ground, sand and coral, with shelter from winds of WSW through N to SSE. Winds of the SSE to WSW may raise a heavy swell here.

Directions.—Two passes that may be used lead into the la- goon of Fakarava.

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Passe Tumakohua is suitable for vessels drawing less than

2.7m and requires local knowledge. One can clear the passage by following a lighted range line on a bearing of 336.4°. The pass intersects the atoll on the SE.

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Passe Garuae is entered 6 miles WSW of the N extremity of

Fakarava. The pass is about 0.9 mile wide and has been swept to a depth of 10m over a width of 0.2 mile. Recife Pufana, marked by a lighted beacon, is located 0.9 mile ESE of the E entrance point of the pass.

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Vessels can enter the pass on a course of 147°. When the

lighted beacon on Recife Pufana bears less than 070°, steer with the flagstaff at Rotoava ahead bearing 067°. When about 2 miles from the village steer as necessary to the anchorage. The channel is marked by buoys and beacons, which have been reported to be unreliable.

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The outgoing tidal current follows the axis of the pass and is

sometimes strong. A line of breakers appears to extend across the entrance; however, a vessel with a speed of over 8 knots can enter at anytime.

1.48 Katiu (16°25'S., 144°21'W.) is a low atoll. Its entire NE side is wooded, the SW is barren.

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Pakata Pass on the NE side of the atoll offers an entrance to

the lagoon, but has a width of about 30m and a least depth of 3.3m. A set of range lights bearing 193.5° mark the pass. This pass is practicable only for small vessels with local knowledge. The other pass lies close S of the W extremity of Katiu, it is small and practicable only for boats.

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Raraka (16°10'S., 144°54'W.), 23 miles NW of Katiu is

wooded on its N side, but the S side is bare, except at its S extremity. There is a pass into the lagoon which should only be used by vessels under 300 grt with local knowledge. The passage is about 45m wide with a depth of 5m, and is marked by a set of range beacons in line bearing 163.4°.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage is available with a flagpole situ-

ated in the village on the N side of the atoll bearing 295°, about 0.3 mile distant, in a depth of 15m. The current sets out of this pass, sometimes attaining a velocity of 6 or 7 knots with an E wind.

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Kauehi (15°54'S., 145°09'W.) is wooded except for about 4

miles on its S side. A remarkable islet, marked by a beacon, lies on the E side of the lagoon.

1.49 Aratika (15°27'S., 145°30'W.), an atoll about 8 miles

in diameter, is wooded on the N side, with a low, dangerous reef everywhere else. It lies 22 miles to the NW of Kauehi. A prominent village is situated near the E extremity.

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Two passes lead into the lagoon, but are only suitable for

small boats; they are subject to currents of up to 6 knots. Tamaketa Pass on the W side, whose bed is covered by 2.4m of water, is the only usable one. It is not possible to anchor around the atoll. Fainukea Pass, to the E, is frequently subject to heavy rollers, which can make its use impracticable, particularly when there are strong E winds. This pass is narrow and winding, and should not be used without the assistance of an experienced local pilot. The pass provides access to the village of Paparara, which is readily visible from a distance. Mariners should use caution because of the presence of pearl frms which cover almost the entire atoll.

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A private airfield with a small control tower is situated NW-

SE on the atoll and is more than 600m long and made of crushed coral. There is an infirmary and telephone service. Toau (15°55'S., 146°02'W.) is about 20 miles long in a SE-

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NW direction, and about 10 miles wide. The NW and NE sides are wooded, but the SE and SW sides are bare and dangerous. There are two passes into the lagoon on the E side. Passe

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Otungi (Passe Otugi), about 3.5 miles N of the atoll’s E extremity, is 350m wide and has a depth of 6m. The current in the pass is strong and causes eddies up to 2 miles outside the entrance. The best anchorage in the lagoon is about 1 mile S of the pass, about 0.2 mile W of a masonry tank, partially covered by vegetation, in a depth of 14m.

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Passe Nepo (Passe Fakatahuna), 1 mile NW of Passe Otungi,

is about 150m wide, but is only practicable for small vessels with local knowledge and should be entered at slack water. Anse Amyot is a small inlet in the reef on the NW side of

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Toau that provides shelter for small vessels. 1.50 Niau (16°09'S., 146°22'W.) lies 17 miles SW of Toau.

This circular island, 5 miles in diameter and 8m high, is covered with forest, and visible from a distance of 12 miles.

Pub. 126

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17

Passe Arikitamiro, on the SW side, gives access to the

lagoon. The channel is about 200m wide and has a depth of 11m; the north side is marked by a lighted beacon. Local knowledge is necessary for safe passage.

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Tides—Currents.—A strong tidal current sets through the

pass; eddies caused by the outgoing current are encountered up to 0.3 mile outside the entrance. Overfalls are caused by tidal currents at the outer and inner ends of the pass, depending on direction of flow.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage can be obtained about 0.6 mile

WSW of the head of the wharf at the village, in a depth of 16m, sand and coral; there is swinging room of about 0.3 mile. Directions.—Vessels enter Passe Arikitamiro on course

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045°; once the transit of the pass is completed, steer 024° for the village situated on the NE side of the lagoon, about 8 miles distant. A coral patch marked by a beacon, 1.2 miles distant bearing 306° from the conspicuous islet, should be passed on its E side.

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Taiaro (15°45'S., 144°38'W.) is about 14m high to the tops

of the trees; there is no pass into the lagoon. The best landing place is on the W side near some native huts. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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