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Sector 8. The Solomon Islands—Central and West Parts

yet discovered in the approaches. Lothian Shoals, on which the sea breaks, lie about 13 miles SW of Cape Torokina. Empress Augusta Bay is fringed with mangroves, which decrease in breadth as the vessel comes up on the N part of the bay. The background is formed by imposing mountains, among which to the N is Mount Bagana, an active volcano.

8.56

Caution.—It is probable that more foul ground than is

charted exists off the SW coast of Bougainville Island. Care is necessary when navigating in this vicinity.

8.57 The coast trending SE for about 40 miles from Motu-

pena Point to Moila Point is low and fronted at a distance of about 10 miles by a broken barrier reef with some islands on it in places. There are depths over 200m with no bottom, 1 mile outside this barrier. Numerous steep-to coral patches, best seen on the chart, have been reported to lie from 10 to 15 miles off this coastline.

8.57

A detached reef, on which Antarara Island (6°56'S.,

155°23'E.) and Alungokaku Island, lie presents an off-lying danger, 19 miles W of Moila Point, and 9 miles offshore. Dis- colored water, best seen on the chart, was reported in several patches, between Antarara Island and Kabukeal Island. This report is more than 50 years old. A coral reef, awash, lies about 18 miles W of Antarara Island and the same distance offshore. A reef lies 16 miles WNW of Antarara Island and 12 miles offshore, and reefs were reported to lie from 7 to 12.5 miles NW of the same island. Breakers were reported about 9 miles S of Motupena Point.

8.59 Tonolei Harbor (6°47'S., 155°53'E.) opens between

Pupukuna Point and East Point. It is backed by high, densely- wooded hills, particularly on the E side. Sand Island, on a coral patch on the E side of the entrance is 6m high. It is generally passed on the W side, where there is ample room. A 1 mile channel, marked and dredged, leads to Tonolei Harbor. Anchorage.—Anchorage, with good shelter from the pre-

8.59

vailing winds, can be found anywhere in Port Tonolei, in 25 to 36m, sand and mud.

8.59

East Point (6°49'S., 155°55'E.) is marked by a light.

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8.58 The coast between Moila Point and Pupukuna Point,

forming the W side of Bougainville Strait, is in large part low, and is bordered by white sand beaches cut by rivers. Inland, the land rises gradually. There are several villages along the coast, and Buin, 6.3 miles NNE of Moila Point, has a mission and is a commercial center.

The S end of Bougainville Island is reported to be the densely-populated part of the island.

8.58 8.58

Erventa Island and Popotala Island lie off this part of the

coast and in the dangerous approaches to Bougainville Island. A 3.4m patch lies about 0.3 mile SSW of Erventa Island and a sunken rock lies about 0.4 mile SSE of Popotala Island. A 11.3m patch lies about 0.6 mile NNE of Popotala Island. Caution.—A dangerous wreck lies sunk 2.5 miles SW of

8.58

Erventa Island, the position of which is approximate. A second wreck lies about 1 mile offshore, about 4.8 miles NE of Moila Point; several stranded wrecks lie close of the coast NW of Pupukuna Point.

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