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16

Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

village on the W side of the atoll, has a least depth of 1.5m and gives access to the lagoon. The centerline is marked by a range bearing 047°, the pass is divided into two branches; the one to the S, marked by a lighted buoy, leads to the village. The ebb current through the pass may reach 10 knots, however, the flood rarely exceeds 3 knots.

The village of Fenuaparea, on the S side of the passage has a landing wharf with 3.5m of water.

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Makemo (16°32'S., 143°40'W.) is one of the most important

and frequented atolls in Iles Tuamotu. The atoll is about 38 miles long in a NW and SE direction and is 4 to 9 miles wide. The N side is wooded, but the S side, generally above water level, is bare, and is very dangerous to approach at night. There are two passes into the lagoon of Makemo that were

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reported to be marked by beacons with radar reflectors. Passe Arikitamiro, on the N side, about 12 miles W of the E extremity, leads SSE into the lagoon. The village of Pouheva is situated on the W side of the pass. Passe Tapuhiria is located on the NW extremity of the atoll. The village of Ohava is situated NE of the pass.

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Passe Arikitamiro is easily identified by the break in the

trees and a light which stands on a white tower on the W side of the entrance. A white cement tank and a two storied school are also reported to be visible.

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Tides—Currents.—The ebb current is said to run out of

these passes at a rate of 8 to 9 knots when the winds are between the S and SE. Under all conditions the currents are always strong; slack water is of short duration. Vessels should guard against yawing in the passes due to the strong currents. Depths—Limitations.—Passe Arikitamiro is about 0.1 mile

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wide with depths of 27m on the leading line (148°), reducing to approximately 14m farther SSE. Within the entrance it is divided into three channels by two coral shoals. The middle channel should be used by larger vessels.

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A jetty 230m in length extends S from the shore to the S

extremity of Pirautoe, an extending spur of the coastal reef. At the head of the jetty, on the W side, is a quay 40m in length with a depth alongside of 6m.

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Passe Tapuhiria, on the W extremity of the island, has a

width of about 90m and a depth of 7m; it should only be en- tered by vessels with local knowledge.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage may be taken in the lagoon SW of

Passe Arikitamiro, with Pouheva Light (16°37.2'S., 143°34.1'W.) bearing 030°, distant 0.6 mile, in a depth of 15m. Anchorage is available in the lagoon 0.8 mile E of Passe Tapuhira, in a depth of 23m.

1.45 Tuanake (16°39'S., 144°13'W.) is the largest and

farthest N of the three small atolls lie close together from 12 to 24 miles SW of Makem; it is wooded and a boat passage leads from the S side into the lagoon.

Hiti, lies 4.5 miles SE of Tuanake; the lagoon is inaccessible. Tepoto lies 10 miles SW of Hiti; it is thickly wooded, and a stone landmark stands near the E extremity.

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A patch, with a depth of less than 1.8m, was reported to lie 2.35 miles SW from Tepoto.

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Motutunga (17°07'S., 144°22'W.), a low atoll, is located

about 13 miles SSW of Tepoto. The S side is especially low, but on the N side there are a number of wooded islets on the

Pub. 126

reef. The atoll is about 7 miles in diameter and is only inhabited in certain seasons.

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There is an inlet into the reef 1 mile ENE of the W extremity

of the atoll, but it does not give access to the lagoon. The depth in the inlet was reported to be about 4.7m. There is a ruined landing stage about halfway in the inlet, where there is good shelter for small vessels. There are two masonry tanks on either side of the inlet. It is not possible to anchor around the atoll. Tahanea (16°53'S., 145°47'W.) is about 25 miles long E-W

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and up to 9 miles wide. It is wooded along its N side, but is bare on its S and SE sides.

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The lagoon is encumbered by coral heads, but there is deep

water between them. Three passes lead into the lagoon from the NE side of the atoll. A green church is reported to be visible from the entrance of all three passes.

Passe Otaho, the farthest E of the three passes, is for small vessels with local knowledge.

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Passe Teavatapu (Passe Manino), 1.5 miles W of Passe

Otaho, is practicable for large vessels, but difficult for small craft. The pass is about 0.2 mile wide, with a depth of 13m; however, an 11m depth exists at the S end of the pass. There is a reef 0.6 mile S of the S extremity of the island that forms the W shore of Passe Teavatapu.

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There is anchorage W of the island; good anchorage can also

be obtained 1.5 miles E of the visible reef located 0.6 mile SSW of Passe Teavatapu.

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Passe Motu Puapua, 1 mile NW of Passe Teavatapu, is

dangerous. 1.46 Anaa (17°25'S., 145°29'W.) is heavily wooded. There

are five villages on the atoll; Tukuhora, the principal village, is situated on the NE side. A quay approachable by reef whalers is constructed on the side of a cavity in the coral reef in front of the town. Approach is impossible in winds from the E because of breakers which are produced on the quay. A mooring buoy, whose use is reserved for schooners supplying the atoll, is anchored 150m off the quay. There is no passage into the lagoon.

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The clouds above the atoll reflect the lagoon in the form of a

pale green projection in certain weather conditions which can be seen at a great distance.

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Faaite (16°45'S., 145°15'W.) is a partly-wooded atoll. The S

reef is low and dangerous to approach at night. There are buildings and a flagstaff near the pass that are conspicuous. There is a pass through the barrier reef into the lagoon that is

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entered from the NW extremity of the atoll. It extends SE from the entrance, which is about 50m wide, with a least depth of 3.5m. It has been reported that the buoyed fairway to the pier W of the flagstaff, has a depth of 7.5m. The pier has alongside depths of 3m.

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Tides—Currents.—Currents in the pass ebb at a rate of 6

knots and flood at a rate of 4 knots; slack water is of short duration.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage may be had outside the pass with

the flagstaff bearing 066°, about 0.4 mile distant. Anchorage is possible within the pass, but the currents may prove difficult.

1.47 Fakarava (16°18'S., 145°35'W.) is about 31 miles

long NW and SE and about 14 miles wide; it is almost rectangular in shape. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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