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Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

1.41 Pukapuka (14°48'S., 138°50'W.) is a wooded atoll;

the lagoon is connected to the sea by nonnavigable cuts in the S side of the reef. The lagoon has also been reported to be drying up. A wharf at the village on the atoll’s W end provides berth- ing at HW to small vessels with local knowledge.

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Iles du Desappointement (Disappointment Island) are lo-

cated about 150 miles WNW of Pukapuka; they consist of an atoll and an island about 10 miles apart.

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Napuka, the farthest SE, is an atoll which encloses a lagoon

that is not accessible from the sea. The E and W sides of the atoll are wooded, but the S side is bare.

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A white church with a red belfry, which is prominent from

the N, dominates a village situated near the W extremity of the atoll. The atoll has a functional airstrip.

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Tepoto (14°03'S., 141°25'W.) about 10 miles NW of Napu-

ka, is about 18.3m high to the top of the trees; it is the NW island of the Iles du Desappointement. Landing is practicable, with assistance of the natives, on the W side of the island. Ravahere (18°15'S., 142°10'W.) and Marokau are two low

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atolls that lie near each other. Each of the atolls is about 10 miles long; they are separated by a narrow channel that can be used by large vessels.

There is no entrance to the lagoon on Ravahere, but there is a landing, which is dangerous, on the SE side of the atoll. Marokau, the farthest N of these two atolls, is wooded along

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its N side. Two islets stand on the S end of the reef on its E side, and there is a passage into the lagoon between them that is practicable for small vessels with local knowledge, in good weather.

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Caution.—It was reported that two rocky patches about 0.2

mile apart, with depths of 9.1 to 11m, were seen 8 miles E of Ravahere.

1.42 Reitoru (17°50'S., 143°06'W.), a low atoll, has no en- trance into the lagoon.

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Haraiki, 30 miles NW of Reitoru, is somewhat higher than

the usual atoll. A conspicuous white masonry water tower is situated on the N side of the atoll.

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Hikueru, about 23 miles ENE of Reitoru, is partially wooded

on the N side, but the E and SE sides are bare; the atoll is dangerous to approach at night. A village is situated on the atoll’s W side. A landing may be made at a concrete wharf alongside a conspicuous shed at the village.

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Tekokota (Tekokoto), about 14 miles N of Hikueru, is a

circular atoll about 1 mile in diameter. Its N half is about 1.8 to 3.1m above water, but the S part is almost entirely submerged except for a wooded islet. Tauere (17°21'S., 141°29'W.), a dependency of Ama-nu, is

wooded on its N and E sides. The best landing place is on the reef on the W side of the atoll opposite the village.

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Rekareka (Tehuata), a small atoll, lies 38 miles NW of

Tauere. Shoal water extends 0.5 mile seaward from its N, W, and S sides, and about 0.8 mile SE from its SE extremity; on the NE side the reef is not steep-to. The best landing is on the NW side near a village.

Marutea Nord (North Marutea) is a large atoll located 60 miles W of Tehuata.

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Caution.—Caution is necessary in approaching this danger- ous atoll. Its S and W sides are completely submerged and on

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the NE side there are only a few places where the reef is sufficiently above water to support a few small clumps of trees. The best place for landing is on the last island on the NW side of the atoll, opposite a white masonry water tank. Nihiru (16°43'S., 142°55'W.), an atoll about 17 miles NNE

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of Marutea, is wooded except at its S and SE extremities. The reef extends a considerable distance from the S and SE points of the atoll, and forms a distinct bight W of the latter point. There is no entrance into the lagoon, but there is a landing place in a bay on the W side of the atoll, opposite the village. On meeting the N extremity of Nihiru, the current divides

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into two branches which rejoin off its SE extremity, where they form a strong eddy.

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Between Nihiru and Marutea a current setting NE at 3 knots

was observed. It has been reported that this current causes violent overfalls on the atoll’s SE extremity.

1.43 Raroia (16°05'S., 142°25'W.) (World Port Index No.

55940), 30 miles NNE of Nihiru, is lightly wooded on its E side, but the N and W sides are covered with trees, especially in the vicinity of the pass and up to 3 miles S of it. A village, which is difficult to see from the offing, is situated on the W side of the lagoon, 2 miles S of the pass. The atoll was made famous as the site of the sinking of the raft “Kontiki” in 1947. The lagoon is entered through the Ngarue Passage on the

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NW side of the island, which is divided into two channels by shoals. The North Channel lies N of a reef covered by 2.1m of water. It offers a depth of 6.2m, a width of 20m between the reef, and a shoal covered by 3.8m of water. The channel is marked by a lighted range bearing 090.7°. This passage can be used by vessels of less than 100m in length with local know- ledge.

Small vessels can use the S channel, which is a little more than 90m wide and has a least depth of 1.5m.

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The outgoing current may exceed a rate of 8 knots, while slack water may be of short duration.

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Large vessels anchor in the lagoon, in 20m, sand and shells,

about 500m E of the village, with Tekanap reef bearing 270°, and Neketautau reef bearing 000°. There are many coral heads and reefs in addition to pearl farming in the approach to the anchorage.

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Some of the coral reefs within the lagoon are marked by bea-

cons. In general, after a vessel has cleared the pass, steer SW to pass W of the beacons, approaching the fringing reef to about 90m. Maintain this distance from the reef until the church is about 0.5 mile distant, then steer SSE to the anchorage. Caution.—The passes and lagoons of Raroia are reputed to

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shelter a number of sharks, some of which belong to dangerous species.

1.44 Takume (15°48'S., 142°12'W.), an atoll, lies 5 miles

NE of Raroia. It is wooded, except on its SE side, where the reef is broken in places and partly submerged. A village lies on the S islet of the atoll.

A strong W current runs in the channel between Takume and

Raroia, and during winds from between the NE and SE, a heavy sea is raised.

1.44

Taenga (16°21'S., 143°08'W.), 30 miles WSW of Raroia, is

an atoll which is wooded on its N side and its E extremity, but its S part is largely awash. A 30m wide pass, close N of the

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