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14

Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

ing consists of a small harbor equipped with a wharf that can be reached via a 6m channel dug into the coral. Another land- ing point is located S of the village. The landing consists of a small harbor, with a 200m jetty and wharf, also reached by a dug channel.

1.38 Hao (18°15'S., 140°55'W.), an atoll about 31 miles

long SE-NW and 8 miles wide, is located 145 miles WSW of Tatakoto. The reef has numerous islets, and vegetation grows on most of them, particularly on those on the E side. On the S and SW sides the reef is so low in places that the sea washes into the lagoon. Passe Kaki, the only entrance into the lagoon, lies on the N side of the atoll, with a former French military base close E of it. An airstrip stretches between the base and Otepa, the principal village.

Tides—Currents.—The spring range is about 0.6m. A local tide table published by the French authorities is available. The rate of flow entering Passe Kaki can reach 3 knots at

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HW, when the water level in the lagoon is low. The outflow can exceed 12 knots, 6 hours after HW, when the water level in the lagoon is high. A S swell may lead to a phenomenon of water piling up in the lagoon, with resulting large and sudden changes in water levels of up to 1.8m. A tidal race and overfalls may extend up to 0.8 mile seaward of the channel entrance. To avoid a difficult passage through the reef, vessels should

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wait for the two periods of slack water associated with the flood current, which are short. Slacks usually occur about 4.5 hours and 2 hours before moonrise; and again 5 hours and 3 hours before moonset. When the tidal race slows or stops, the channel may be entered.

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Caution should be observed, as the information given above

is for average conditions only. Current rates and the times or presence of slack waters may differ from those the vessel may experience.

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Depths—Limitations.—Passe Kaki has a least depth of

6.4m on the range line. From the pass to the former military base, the channel was reported to have a least charted depth of 11m. The channel to the anchorage off Otepa has a swept depth of 7.4m.

A berthing facility, with a least depth of 5.5m alongside, is available at the military base.

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Aspect.—A group of hangars with an aircraft control tower lies about 2.3 miles E of Passe Kaki.

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Passe Kaki and the inner channels are marked by lights, beacons, buoys, and range beacons. Additionally, Passe Kaki is marked by a lighted range in line bearing 168°. Pilotage.—Pilotage is compulsory.

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Anchorage.—Off Otepa, anchorage is available, in a depth

of 24m, sand. Anchor where a red lighted beacon is standing on an offshore shoal located about 0.4 mile W of the town bearing 090°, 0.3 mile distant.

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Vessels waiting for a berth at the former military base

anchor, in depths of 19 to 50m, between 0.6 mile and 1 mile E of a red beacon situated near the middle of the airstrip. Caution.—Passe Kaki and the inner channels of this atoll all

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require local knowledge. The buoys, beacons, and lights mark- ing the channels are reported to be unreliable.

1.39 Amanu (17°49'S., 140°46'W.) is an atoll located 10 miles NNE of Hao; it is wooded on all sides. There are two

Pub. 126

passes on the W side of the atoll which lead into the lagoon; they are 4.5 and 5.5 miles N of the S extremity.

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Depths—Limitations.—The S pass has a width of 45m

between the 5m lines. A spit, with a depth of 0.6m on its outer end, extends 0.1 mile S from the N side of the inner end of the pass. The pass 1 mile further NE is deeper but narrower and is not recommended.

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Aspect.—A village, with a church which is not overly visi-

ble, lies on the W side of the lagoon. A conspicuous white tow- er stands on the coast to the W of the village.

A wet dock with two quays, which are accessible only by small boats, is located on the lagoon side of the village. Pilotage.—Pilotage is available and recommended as cur-

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rents may reach 10 knots in the passes, causing violent eddies and overfalls.

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Anchorage.—The usual anchorage is 0.25 mile SSE of the

village, in about 20m, good holding bottom, but there is the risk of catching on the blocks of coral strewn throughout the area. When the wind if from the E strong rippling makes the anchorage uncomfortable. A mooring buoy in 2004 was in poor condition and no longer in use.

Hao Paraoa (19°08'S., 140°41'W.) is wooded and its lagoon is inaccessible. The atoll is a dependency of Hao.

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In passing to windward of the atoll, attention should be given to the current, which has been observed to set strongly toward it.

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Ahunui is an uninhabited wooded atoll. The lagoon is in- accessible, but there is a landing place on the NW end of the atoll near some huts and a tank.

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Manuhangi is a small atoll that lies 29 miles W of Paraoa.

There is no entrance to the lagoon. 1.40 Negonego (18°45'S., 141°49'W.) is an atoll with

clumps of trees on it, but its greater part is bare. A pass 1 mile E of the N extremity of the atoll leads into the lagoon. The pass into the lagoon was reported to be about 0.1 mile wide and had a depth of 2m; however, a coral patch, with a depth of 0.9m, is located in the middle of the passage. Vessels with local knowledge can anchor in the lagoon.

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Iles du Duc de Gloucester (20°37'S., 143°17'W.) consists

of three small atolls, similar in aspect, located about 136 miles SW of Negonego.

Nukutipipi, the E atoll of this group, is wooded on its E side; there is no entrance to the lagoon.

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Anuanurunga lies 11 miles WNW of Nukutipipi. The reef on the W side is submerged, except for some coral heads. Anuanuraro is located 14 miles NW of Atoll Anna Rug. The

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reef on the NW and SW sides extends seaward and is marked by heavy surf.

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Hereheretue (19°54'S., 145°00'W.) lies about 82 miles

WNW of the atoll of Anuanu Raro. There is no entrance to the lagoon, but there is a landing place a few hundred meters N of the W extremity of the atoll. Landing is dangerous with a W wind. The sea off the atoll is often heavy.

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Fakahina (Fangahina) (16°00'S., 140°08'W.) is a wooded

atoll that can be seen for a considerable distance. There is no navigable passage into the lagoon, but landing can be affected in front of the village at the SW extremity of the atoll. Fangatau (Angatau), about 38 miles WNW of Fakahina, is a

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wooded atoll, with no passage to the lagoon. A village with a church and a school is situated on the W extremity of the atoll. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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