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7.34

Sector 7. The Solomon Islands—East Part

Thrower Reef, with a depth of 3.7m, lies 0.75 mile NE of Vulelua Island.

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Moresby Shoals, two rocky heads with a depth of 2.3m and

5.5m, are 1.25 miles NNE of Vulelua Island. Fairway Rock, with a depth of 0.9m, is about 0.8 mile ESE of the island.

All of these dangers appear to be separated by deep channels. The last three mentioned do not break during the SE trade.

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Anchorage can be taken during the Southeast Trades by

small vessels, in 11m, close off the W side of Vulelua Island. In good weather, small vessels can anchor about 0.1 mile SE of the island.

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Small vessels can pass either inside or outside of Vulelua

Island, in either case keeping close to that islet and Weldon Reef.

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Caution.—Soundings give no warning of approach to these

dangers, and they are not always marked by discolored water, because the silt from the Nggurambusu River and other streams, after rains, causes the sea in this area to become a uniform mud color.

7.35 Between Nggura Point (Gura Point) and Taivu Point

(Taivo Point), about 7 miles NW, then to Lungga Point (Lunga Point), about 10 miles farther W, the coast is a narrow, sandy beach backed by trees, about 37m high. Along this stretch there are occasional large coconut plantations and several small streams. An undulating plain extends from 4 to 7 miles from the coast to the foot of the mountains. Numerous traders’ houses and stores are situated on the coast, and there are a few small villages.

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The coast between Nggura Point and a position about 7

miles W of Taivu Point should not be approached within 1 to 2 miles; many patches of discolored water and rips have been seen.

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During the rainy season, the streams along this part of the

coast discolor the water, causing it to have the appearance of shoals in places. During the Southeast Monsoon, anchorage can be found off any part of this coast outside the 20m curve, which is 0.2 mile to 0.5 mile offshore. The bottom is mud and sand.

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Tenaru, with a coconut plantation and a small native hospital

with a conspicuous red cross painted on the roof, is situated about 3.5 miles SW of Koli Point. There is a small wooden pier at Tenaru, but landing is often hampered by the swell.

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Taivu Point is marked by a light. Several beacons are along

the coast between Taivu Point and Beaande Point but they have been reported to be either missing or obscured by foliage. Lengo Channel (see paragraph 7.46), Sealark Channel (see

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paragraph 7.45), and Nggela Channel (see paragraph 7.45) are the three passages between Guadalcanal Island and the Florida Islands.

7.36 Lungga Point (Lunga Point) (9°24'S., 160°02'E.) is a

rounded headland at the mouth of the Lungga River (Lunga River). The settlement of Lungga (Lunga) is about 1.3 miles SE of the point, which has trees about 46m high. A light is shown from the point and an aeronautical beacon is about 1.5 miles to the SSE.

Aspect.—The coast of Lungga Roads consists of a steeply shelving black sand beach, with coconut plantations behind it,

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Pub. 126

for about 2 miles SW of Lungga Point, then it becomes rocky, with a narrow fringing coral reef for 1.25 miles. A college, at an elevation of 30m, about 0.5 mile inland from the sandy beach, is conspicuous from the NW. A factory and the adjacent farm buildings, near the coast close W of the sandy beach, are also conspicuous from seaward.

Anchorage.—Anchorage can be taken, in 7.3m, about 0.5 mile off the settlement.

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Lungga Roads (Lunga Roads), lying between Lungga Point

and Point Cruz, affords shelter during SE winds, in 36m, about 0.4 mile offshore. The bottom is principally sand.

Caution.—Two dangerous wrecks lie about 0.5 mile and 1 mile from shore off the settlement at Lungga.

7.36

Honiara (9°25'S., 159°57'E.)

World Port Index No. 57120 7.37 Honiara is the capital of the Solomon Islands and is

the largest urban center in the islands. Copra, frozen and canned fish, timber, palm oil, marine shell, cocoa, and tobacco are exported. Food, fuel, and general cargo are imported. Honiara is a port of entry.

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Winds—Weather.—The cyclone season is from December

to April, with winds generally varying between N and W up to force 5 during this period. From April to November, winds are from the NE.

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Depths—Limitations.—The harbor approaches are clear of

dangers except for Pelope Shoal, with a charted depth of 9m, and a 16.2m foul patch charted 0.1 mile W of it.

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A deep-water wharf, 115m in length, lies on the SE side of

Point Cruz. The draft of ships berthing here is restricted to 9.2m, due to the presence of Pelope Shoal, and the foul ground mentioned above. A small wharf extends from the W end of the deep-water wharf, offering alongside depths of 3.4 to 5.4m and a length of 85m. Several small craft piers extend from the slope fronting Honiara, offering alongside depths of 2.4 to 4.8m. A barge ramp, 6m wide with a depth of 1m, can also be found. An offshore, multi-point mooring petroleum berth is situated about 0.2 mile SE of the deep-water wharf. Vessels drawing up to 12m and 200m in length utilize the berth, securing on a NE heading with both anchors down.

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Aspect.—Along with the factory and college mentioned for

Lungga Point, conspicuous tanks are situated 0.1 mile SW of Point Cruz, and a green water tank stands 1 mile SSE of the same point.

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Point Cruz, originally a low tongue of coral, has been built

up considerably. Reclamation has taken place on both sides of the tongue, which is fringed by reef on all sides. Honiara lies on both sides of the point.

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Pilotage.—Pilotage for the port is compulsory for vessels

over 200 grt or 40m in length, between 159°57'E and 159°59'E, as well as S of 9°25'S. Vessels should radio their ETA and request for pilotage at least 24 hours in advance; the pilots keep watch on VHF channel 16, 2 hours before the vessel’s expected arrival time. The boarding ground is situated 0.75 mile NE of Point Cruz.

Signals.—Storm signals are displayed from the Marine Office and the Yacht Club. By day, a black triangle, point up,

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