This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
194

7.2

Sector 7. The Solomon Islands—East Part

Middle Reef (12°38'S., 160°23'E.) is J-shaped and extends

32 miles from SE-NW. Little Nottingham Islet is a small islet located near the center of the reef, while a small lagoon is found in the N portion. Vessels can reach the principal lagoon through three openings in the reef located, respectively; on the E side, about 8 miles N of the reef’s S extremity; on the W side, about 4 miles SW of Little Nottingham Islet; and in the N proximity of the island. Strong overfalls giving the impression of breakers are created at the E and S extremities of Middle Reef.

7.2

North Reef (12°19'S., 160°07'E.) is 11 miles long with a

maximum width of 4.5 miles and surrounds a lagoon with very few obstructing coral clusters which is sheltered. It offers two narrow openings; one on the N side, about 5 miles from the E extremity of the reef; the other in the NW portion, 1.5 miles S of the rock marking the NW extremity of the reef.

Currents in the vicinity of the reefs generally set to the W and attain a rate up to 2.5 knots.

7.2

Between these reefs and Rennell Island to the N, currents set strongly to the W, with rates of up to 2 knots.

7.2

7.5 Port Mary (10°50'S., 162°27'E.), on the W side of

7.2

Rennell Island (11°40'S., 160°18'E.), about 40 miles NNE

of North Reef, is about 150m high, heavily wooded and bordered with cliffs. Rennell has the largest freshwater lake in the Pacific Ocean. The island is inhabited. Overfalls are heavy on the reef surrounding the island.

7.2

Anchorage is available, in about 15m, in an indentation in

the coastal reef at Kanggava Bay, in the middle of the S coast of Rennell Island. Caution is advised as the bay is encumbered by coral heads and is dangerous when the wind is from the SW.

7.3 Bellona Island (11°18'S., 159°47'E.), about 16 miles

NNW of the W end of Rennell Island, is also inhabited. Pass- age between the two islands appears to be safe when more than 0.5 mile off either of their coasts. The island, with a uniform height of 65m, is heavily wooded and is sheer, except at its SE and NW ends. Near the NE extremity of this island, small ves- sels can anchor, in 27m, about 0.2 mile off the white sandy beach; the anchorage is sheltered from the Southeast Trades. Landing at the NW extremity of the island is possible. Hammondsport Bank (10°32'S., 159°38'E.), about 47 miles NNW of Bellona Island, has depths of 42 to 50m.

7.3 7.3

The Stewart Islands (8°25'S., 162°52'E.), about 150 miles

NNE of the E extremity of San Cristobal, are a group of four islands on a triangular atoll. They are Sikaiana, the largest and principal island at the E end of the atoll and the only inhabited island; Matuaui, Matiuloto (Faore), and Tehaolei.

7.3

The islands and the reef of the atoll enclose a large lagoon

into which there is only one small boat passage. This passage, between Matiuloto and Tehaolei, has a depth of 0.3m and strong currents makes it dangerous to navigate.

7.3

Caution.—Vessels should approach this island group and

reef with caution because it is steep-to and soundings give no warning. There are no anchorages.

San Cristobal Island

7.4 Santa Catalina Island (10°54'S., 162°27'E.), about 5

miles SE of the SE extremity of San Cristobal Island, is a level- topped island, 97m high. This coral island is thickly wooded

Pub. 126

Santa Ana Island, is formed by a break in the fringing reef and a slight indentation in the coast. The entrance is 0.2 mile wide between the reefs on either side, but its navigable width is reduced to 228m by some detached shoals which extend 145m N from the reef on the S side. Caution is advised as the reefs have been reported to be extending, and also reported to dry (1985).

Port Mary affords good anchorage, in 28m, sand, except dur- ing the Northwest Monsoon, when it is unsafe.

7.5

Tides—Currents.—The tidal currents frequently set dia- gonally across the entrance of Port Mary.

7.5

In mid-channel, between Santa Ana Island and Cape Surville, the currents have a velocity of 1 to 2 knots at springs during SE winds. The current sets N and S. During the strength of the trade winds there are rips off the points of the coastal reefs, which would be dangerous for boats.

7.5 7.5

The general character of the mountainous interior of San

Cristobal is that of a parallel series of level-topped ridges, separated by deep valleys, with a few dome-shaped or conical mountains. The summit, 1,250m high, is 38 miles WNW of Naghora Point.

7.5

For the most part, the S coast rises precipitously from the

sea; the N coast, with the exception of a precipitous part be- tween Mahua Point and Flat Rock, has a strip of lowland be- tween the shore and the mountain. Most of the villages are on the N side of the island.

7.5

North of San Cristobal Island are the islands of Uki Ni Masi,

Three Sisters, and Ulawa. Several of these islands are densely wooded. Ulawa, the N island, rises to a height of about 366m.

7.6 Naghora Point (Cape Surville) (10°50'S., 162°23'E.),

the E end of San Cristobal, is the extremity of a narrow penin- sula and is dominated by a 152m hill. A reef extends about 1 mile from the N side of the peninsula and about 0.6 mile from Naghora Point.

7.6

Na Wakio Islet (Bulimatervua Islet) (10°50'S., 162°23'E.),

wooded and 21m high, is on the fringing reef on the NE side of the point. A detached 3.7m reef is 0.4 mile off the fringing reef, about 2.3 miles WNW of Bulimatervua Island.

and surrounded by a narrow fringing reef. The village of Mam- ako is on the N side of the island.

There is an anchorage for small vessels off the N side of the island, but it is exposed and subject to strong tidal currents. Paraghawa Strait (10°52'S., 162°27'E.) is 1.75 miles wide,

7.4 7.4

deep, and clear of dangers; it separates Santa Ana Islandon the N and Santa Catalina Island S of it.

7.4

The channel between Naghora Point and Santa Ana Island is

3.5 miles wide, deep, and clear of danger. Tidal currents in the channel flow N and S; during the Southeast Trades the spring rate is 1 to 2 knots. When the Southeast Trades are intense, overfalls occur off Naghora Point and in the area 4 miles E of Santa Catalina Island; they are dangerous for small boats. Santa Ana Island, N of Santa Catalina Island, is a nearly

7.4

circular island, 159m high. When seen from the E or W, the island has the profile of a broad-brimmed and low-crowned hat. The island is fringed by a reef, and, with the exception of some cultivated patches, is densely wooded. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com